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Geology of Petroleum Systems

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Geology of Petroleum Systems Objectives are to be able to: Discuss basic elements of Petroleum Systems Describe plate tectonics and sedimentary basins Recognize names of major sedimentary rock types Describe importance of sedimentary environments to petroleum industry Describe the origin of petroleum Identify hydrocarbon trap types Define and describe the important geologic
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  Geology of Petroleum Systems  Petroleum Geology Objectives are to be able to: ã Discuss basic elements of Petroleum Systems ã Describe plate tectonics and sedimentary basins ã Recognize names of major sedimentary rock types ã Describe importance of sedimentary environments to petroleum industry ã Describe the srcin of petroleum ã Identify hydrocarbon trap types ã Define and describe the important geologic controls on reservoir properties, porosity and permeability  Outline ã Petroleum Systems approach ã Geologic Principles and geologic time ã Rock and minerals, rock cycle, reservoir properties ã Hydrocarbon srcin, migration and accumulation ã Sedimentary environments and facies; stratigraphic traps ã Plate tectonics, basin development, structural geology ã Structural traps  Petroleum System - A Definition   ã A Petroleum System is a dynamic hydrocarbon system that functions in a restricted geologic space and time scale. ã A Petroleum System requires timely convergence of geologic events essential to the formation of petroleum deposits. These Include:   Mature source rock   Hydrocarbon expulsion Hydrocarbon migration   Hydrocarbon accumulation   Hydrocarbon retention   (modified from Demaison and Huizinga, 1994)
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