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Geology syllabus kerala

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Geology syllabus kerala university
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  SUBJECT : GEOLOGY CORE SEMESTER I CODE GL1141 (Theory) : GENERAL PERSPECTIVES OF GEOLOGY 72 Hours 4 Credits Unit I Science and Science studies – Types of knowledge: Practical, Theoretical and Scientific knowledge. Information: What is Science; What is not Science; Laws of Science – Basis for scientific laws and factual truths. Science as a human activity. Vocabulary of Science, Science disciplines. Revolutions in Science. Science and Technology. History and development of Earth Sciences. The Solar System- The Planets,  Asteroids, Comets and Meteorites. The Earth- its size, shape, volume and density. Views on the age of the earth. Origin of the Earth – Nebular, Planetesimal, Tidal and Cloud hypotheses. (12 Hrs) Unit II External geological processes and agents. Weathering – Agents, Types and products of weathering. Soils, Mass wasting – types, Landslides. Volcanoes – Types of Volcanoes, Mechanism and causes of volcanic eruptions. Types of volcanic eruption and products. Wind – Geological action of wind, Landforms of Aeolian srcin. Mountains and Isostasy. (22 Hrs) Unit III Drainage basins and patterns. Development of a typical river system. River erosion, Transportation and Deposition. Aggradational and degradational fluvial landforms. Lakes- Origin, Classification and geological importance. (14 Hrs) 12  Unit IV Ground Water- Hydrologic cycle, source, nature and storage, porosity, permeability, aquifers and aquicludes, water table, seepage and springs, geysers, types of wells, artesian wells. Geological action of Ground Water. Environmental Geology- Definition. Environmental Pollution: problems related to disposal of wastes, mining and water scenario. (12 Hrs) UNIT V Glaciers- formation and morphology. Types of glaciers. Geological works of glaciers and glacial landforms. Oceans and Seas- Oceanic water- extent and composition, waves, current and tides. Erosion, transportation and deposition. Coastal landforms. Coral reefs – types and distribution. (12 Hrs) References 1. Modern Physical Geography (Fourth Edition), Alan H. Strahler and Arthur N.Strahler, John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York, 2001. 2. Physical Geology (Third Edition), James S.Monroe and Reed Wicander, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1998. 3. Physical Geology (Eleventh Edition), Plummer, Carlson and McGeary, McGraw Hill Higher Education, Boston, 2007. 4. An outline of Geomorphology (Second Edition), Wooldridge.S.W and Morgan.R.S, Orient Longman Pvt.Ltd, Kolkatta, 2004. 5. Fundamentals of Geomorphology (Second edition), Richard John Huggett, Taylor and Francis Group, London, 2006. 6. Geomorphology – A systematic Analysis of Late Cenozoic Landforms (Third Edition) , Arthur Bloom, Pearson education, 2003. 7. Introduction to Geomorphology, Vishwas S.Kale and Avijit Gupta, Orient Longman Pvt.Ltd, Kolkatta, 2001. 8. Planet Earth – Cosmology, Geology and the evolution of life and Environment, Cesare Emiliani, Cambridge University Press, 1992. 9. Geology, Leon E.Long, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1974. 13  10. Principles of Geomorphology (Second Edition), William D. Thornbury, New  Age International Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 2000 11. Processes in Geomorphology, Clifford Embleton and John Thornes, Edward  ArnoldPublishers, 1979. 12. The Earth’s Changing Surface, Michael J.Bradshaw, Abbott.A.J and Gelsthorpe A.P., The English Language Book Society and Hodder and Stoughton, 1979. 13. Weathering, Cliff Ollier, The English Language Book Society and Longman Group Limited, 1979. 14. The Dynamic Earth system, Patwardhan A.M., Prentice Hall pf India pvt.Ltd., New Delhi, 1999. 15. Physical Geology (second edition), Richard Foster Flint and Brian J. Skinner, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1977. 16. Oceanography – A Brief Introduction, K.Siddhartha, Kisalaya Publishers Pvt.Ltd., New Delhi, 2002 14  SEMESTER II CODE GL1221 (Theory) : INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY IN EARTH SCIENCE 72 Hours 3 Credits Unit I Introduction of computers. Overview of information Technology- Modern Personal Computers and peripherals- Computer networks and internet.  Academic search techniques- Inflibnet, E-learning in Geoscience. Basic Geoinformatics. (12 Hrs) Unit II Basic ideas of the following methodologies in Science – Hypotheses, theories and laws in Science – Observation. Evidences and proofs. Experimentation and data collection – Data interpretation and Deduction. Field methodologies in Geology. Principles of Geological field work – maps, instruments. Geological data Collection and interpretation. (12 Hrs) Unit III  Application and relevance of geological sciences in day today life. Mining, water resources, disaster management, engineering applications. (12 Hrs) Unit IV  Use of Clinometer and Brunton compass with practical demonstration. Map symbols. Toposheets. GPS. Aerial photographs and satellite imageries. (12 Hrs) Unit V Interior of the earth- significance of seismic waves in the study of interior of the earth, seismic discontinuities. Crust, mantle and core. Earthquakes: Types and propagation of seismic waves, focus and epicenter, theory on the srcin of earthquakes, seismograph, scale of intensity and magnitude, process and effects of earthquakes. Seismic belt of the world. (24 Hrs) 15
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