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Gifts from Afar

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As we all know during the early days of Japanese history, they had a negative view of allowing foreigners into their noble shores. However, their views weren’t always like that, before their country went into Sakoku or in other words isolation. Japan originally allowed foreign ships from China and Korea into their harbors.
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  Gifts from Afar As we all know during the early days of Japanese history, they had a negative view of allowing foreigners into their noble shores. However, their views weren’t always like that,  before their country went into Sakoku or in other words isolation. Japan srcinally allowed foreign ships from China and orea into their harbors. !ut in the #$%, the arrival the first &ortuguese' whom were hoping to establish trade with. (he &ortuguese were hoping to makesome )uick money from trading with the eastern countries such Japan and China, and then using the money to make more money. As shown in the te*tbook+  (he &ortuguese arrived in Japanese ports for the first time in #$%, looking for additional opportunities to make money from their active trading with all the -astern countries. (hey took Chinese silk to Japan and Japanese silver to China and used the profits from both to buy spices in the South &acific islands to bring back to &ortugal.   Adler, %/$ 0. (he &ortuguese brought with them many things, but the two items that affected the history of Japan the most was the Christian !ible and firearms. (hese two goods brought unity and separation, happiness and sadness, relief and suffering to Japan. 1n #$%, a &ortuguese writer and e*plorer by the name of 2ernao 3endes &into' madehis first steps on to Japanese soil, in (anegashima, an island lying to the south of yushu.2ernao 3endes &inot was welcomed and favored by the 4aimyo or a feudal lord, whom&into introduced to the Ar)uebus to. As stated in A few years later  #$50, &into made hisfirst voyage to Japan, accompanied by other &ortuguese, supposedly introducing thear)uebus, a kind of firearm, to that country.(hey landed in Japan in #$5 or #$% and gained the favor of a feudal lord, to whom they claim to have given the first firearm to have enteredJapan, the &ortuguesear)uebus.6  2ern7o 3endes &into 0. (he Ar)uebus, a firearm that wassimilar to its successor the musket as stated in (he ar)uebus sometimes spelled har)uebus,harkbus   or hackbut' from 4utch haakbus, meaning 8hook gun’0 was a primitive firearm used in the #th to 9th centuries. :ike its successor, the musket, it was a smoothbore firearm, although somewhat smaller than its predecessors, which made it easier to carry. 1t was aforerunner of the rifle and other longarm firearms.6 Ar)uebus0. (his was the first firearm to be introduced to Japanese, so claimed 2ernao 3endes &into. (he Ar)uebus was )uickly  manufactured and used in battles because of ongoing civil wars. (he Ar)uebus gained populartiy )uickly amoung the warriors because of its effectivness in battles. (he weaponhad great range and power, it was able to pirece even the toughest samurai armors. (heArguebus e*celled in many aspects to archery.(he Ar)uebus was used by ;da <obunaga in the later #==s, in an attemp to unit Japan. !uthe was assassinated in #>5, by the hands of one of his comrades. <obunaga’s successor (oyotomi Hideyoshi continued <obunaga’s )uest for Japan’s unitey, Hideyoshi also used theAr)uebus in warfare, he even tried to use them to take over orea, but was killed in #?5.After tokugawa 1eyasu, Hideyoshi’s successor’ cancelled the invaions of 3ing China, andunited Japan. (okugawa 8ate the pie that <obunaga made and Hideyoshi baked6te*t0 @hichmeant that (okugawa ruled over Japan, with foundation that <obunaga and Hideyoshi haslaid. (he ne*t item that found its way to Japan, is the Chrisitianity !ible that brought theChristian faith to Japan. (here were many Catholic missionaries that settled in Japan to try to bring Japanese citiens into their faith. 1n /==s, the Christian missionaries or Jesuits hadconverted three hundred thousand Japanese from Shintoism or !uddhism to Christianity, thiswas accomplished because of Saint 2rancis Bavier’s efforts. ;ne of the reasons that 2rancisBavier chose to go to Japan to bring more followers to the Christian faith, was becauseduring his travels he meet an e*iled samurai named Aniro from agoshima. He enchouragedBavier to go Japan, so the first place that Bavier and his fellow Jesuits was in agoshima.(here he learned the native language and began translating scriptures and the catechism. Asstated in 2rancis Bavier traveled with a variety of companions during his missionaryyears. ;ne of the most notable being the Japanese samurai Aniro, the manwho most inspired him to go to Japan. Aniro was from the port city of agoshima on the 1sland of yushu and was living in e*ile in 3alaccawhen he met Bavier. Aniro was likely to have been part of the tradingsystem the Japanese had set up called the domain of the <anban whichencompassed Southeast Asia and undertook trade with China. (he Japanesewere seeking trade relations throughout this area and already knew they hadto deal with coming of the -uropeans to Japan. AniroDs relationship with  Bavier would have likely to have been e*tremely self serving once Anirohad determined the nature of BavierDs influences and connections to Eomeand -uropean Eoyalty. Aniro encouraged Bavier to believe that he would be successful in his missionary efforts to the Japanese. Aniro becameBavierDs traveling companion and accompanied Bavier from 3alacca inSouthern 3alaysia to Foa on the eastern coast of 1ndia and on his firstmissionary trip to Japan which landed in the port City of agoshima,AniroDs home port, in the south eastern part of the 1sland of yushu. Bavier spent the better part of a year in agoshima learning the Japanese languageand translating scriptures and the catechism into the native Japaneselanguage before leaving for the ingdom of !ungo in northern yushu,where he met the youthful ;tomo Sorin, and then to Gamaguchi, Sakai andyoto on the 1sland of Honshu where BavierDs practical e*periences inspreading the Fospel to the Japanese would prove to be a much differente*perience from what Aniro had lead Bavier to believe it would be. Comstock  0.1n ##5, 2rancis Bavier left Japan right at the time when ;da <obunaga begins his unitfingJapan. !ut by the early /==’s, (okugawa shoguns begings to withdraw from the other world.(hey haven’t plan to take actions against the Christians who were already living in Japan, butafter the arrival of the new members of the 2ranciscan ;rder, the Christians were foreced toconvert back to !uddhism' because the 2ranciscan ;rder tried interfer with internal affairs.!ut in /%9, the Christian situation became worst, because of an up rising that the Christian peasants supported. <ow anybody who had ties with Christianty was put to death. ;nly a fewChristians, maintianed their faith' and held secret underground churches. (hese two items really changed the coarse of Japan’s history, they affected the feudallords as much as they affected the lives of the ordinary pesants. !ut both these items weredouble edge swords6 because the firearms helped bring unity to Japan but at the same time ittook many lives. And the Christian faith and bible brought people closer together under onereligon, but at the sametime it brought pain and suffering to those who believed in the faith because of the (okugawa Shogunate’s order to convert people back to !uddhism. Japan’s  Sakoku lasted for many years until >#% the arrival of 3athew &erry and the !lack Ships6who forced Japan to open its borders to trade.

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Jul 22, 2017
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