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Good News 1959 (Vol VIII No 09) Sep

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I n t e r n a t i o n a l M - a g a z i n e o f T H E C H U R C H O F G O D VOL. VIII, NUMBER 9 SEPTEMBER, 1959 What Is the Fatbey? NAME? Is “[ehovuh” the Father’s NAME? In whose NAME are we to pray? Must we use only Hebrew names-imtead of English names of God? Here is the TRUTH on this misunderstood subject! by Herman L. Hoeh HERE is o d y one NAME “under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved” (Acts 4: 12). What is this NAME? Without i t ;yo// i‘amaot be sailed! The Apostle John wa
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  International M-agazine of THE CHURCH OF GOD VOL. VIII, NUMBER 9 SEPTEMBER, 1959 What Is the Fatbey? NAME? Is “[ehovuh” the Father’s NAME? In whose NAME are we to pray? ust we use only Hebrew names-imtead of English names of God? Here is the TRUTH on this misunderstood subject HERE is ody one NAME “under heaven given among men, where- T y we must be saved” (Acts 4: 12). What is this NAME? Without it ;yo// i‘amaot be sailed The Apostle John was inspired to write, “Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father (I John 2:23). You are denying the Son if you reject His NAME t is vital that you know the NAME of the Son-your eternal salva- tion depends on it The Son came in His Father’s name. What is is Father’s name? Unless YOU bear your hcavcnly Father’s name, YOU cannot be His son And you will never be BORN AGAIN Modern Confusion Some claim that “Jehovah” is the Father’s name. They claim that we ought to use the word “Jehovah” instead of “Lord.” Is “Jehovah” the Father’s name? Others claim that when we speak of or pray to thc hcavenly Father and the Son, we should only use the Hebrew names of deity. They claim that it is a sin to use the words “God,” “Lord,” “Jesus,” “Christ,” “Word,” and “Chris- tian.” They insist that we should always use the Hebrew words for Deity. They claim that it is a sin to pray “in thca name of Jesus.” A sin to be called a “Christian” Though they claim that “Jehovah” is not the namc, they cannot agree among themselves as to what the He- brew name should be Some claim the by Herman L. Hoeh name should be pronounced “Yahvah,” others that it should be “Yahweh.” They vehemently insist that it is a sin to translate the namcs of God into English They contend that it is the Jound of the name, NOT ITS MEANING, that is important Yet Paul was inspired to write: “Except ye utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken?” In verse 19 Paul continued, “Yet in the Church I had rather speak five words of my under- standing, that by my voice I might teach others, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue”-to the Greeks, He- brew was an unknown tongue (I Cor. 14:9, 19). In the Bible, names have meaning. Names are given for a purpose. The first man was called in the He- brew tongue Adam because he was made of “red earth.” Adam in Hebrew MEANS “red earth.” Abram’s name in Hebrew was changed to Abraham be- cause the promise was made to Abraham that he should become “a father of many nations” (Genesis 17 : 5 ) Abraham means “a father of many nations.” Jacob’s name in Hebrew was changed tG Israel. The word Jacob in Hebrew mans “supplanter,” but the word Israel means “prevailer with God.” Jacob prc- vailed with God and obtained His bless- ing. All these Biblical names convey meaning. Notice that these names are UbWdlly nut greatly changed in any foreign tongue because their meanings are already given in the Bible. They do not have to be translated But other important Hebrew Biblical names mentioned in the New Testament ARE TRANSLATED from Hebrew in- to Greek Notice Acts 9:36, “Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by inter$retation is called Dorcas”-in Greek. Her name means “Doe” in English. Again in Acts 13 8, the Aramaic name “Elymas” is trdnslated as “Sorcerer” in English, or as “Magos” in the inspired Greek New Testament. From these examples we see that personal names are often translated iir the Bible THE NAMES OF THE CREATOR lso have great meaning. Now let’s notice how He wants the English-speaking world to understand the meaning of HIS NAMES. Here they are The Meaning of Gods NAMES In the Old Testament the English word “God” comes from the Hebrew word Elohim, meaning “mighty ones.” It is a uniplural word showing that there are NUMEROUS MEMBERS IN THE ONE DIVINE FAMILY. Sometimes the English word “God” comes from another word El. It signifies in Hebrew “a mighty one.” Often the word El is combined with other Hebrew words to give ncw namcs to the Creator. Thus “El-Shaddai” means the “Almighty God,” as in Gene- sis 17:l. Now turn to Exodus 3: 13 and 14 for another surprising NAME of the Almighty. “And Moses said to God,  Page 2 behold, when I come unto the childrcn of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say unto me, What is His name? What shall 1 say unto them? And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and He said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.” Notice Here is one of the many names of the Creator-“I AM THAT 1 AM.” There is real meaning to this name It may also be translated from the Hebrew as “I will be what I will be.” This name-I AM-means that there is no one under heaven superior to, no one who exercises lordship over, the ONE who appeared to Moses. The Onc who appeared to Moses is above all creation-Lord of all That is what His name means. He is the One who is, the Self-Existent One. He Is “the ETERNAL” Now turn to Exodus 6:1-3. Here the Creator reveals yet another name. “And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, 1 am the Lord” (verse 2). The Hebrew word which is here translated “I.c Ku” is YHWH. This Hebrew name YHWH-translated “LORD” in verse 2, and mistranslated “Jehovah’ in verse 3 -comes from the Hebrew root word nieaiiiiig “to bc,” or “to exist.” The name YHWH means “the Eternal,’’ “the Ever- living,” and as the Creator of all and superior to all, this name signifies that He is eternally Ruler and LORD Now notice especially verse 3. “And I appeared unto Abraham, and Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name ‘Jehovah’ ~vas not known unto them.” The name “Jehovah’ in the King James Version is admittedly a woeful mistranslation. It comes froin the Hebrew word YHWH. Notice that the One who was wor- shipped by Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob appeared under the name “God Al- mighty”-in Hebrew El Shuddai. He was not known by the name YHWH. Not until the days of Moses was this name revealed. For 2,500 long years of human history this name-YHWH-was not revealed When Moses compiled the book of Genesis, he introduced the name, beginning with chapter 2 of the book of Genesis, but the name itself was not known until the days of Moses. If one cannot be saved unless he pro- nounces YHWH in Hebrew, then Abra- ham, Isaac, and Jacob were lost forever -for this name was not revealed to them How plain that the Creator thought it more important to reveal His 1Vorrl than even this name- I’HWH-to Abraham. Notice Psalm 118:2.” . for thou hast nzagnified thy word uboce all thine name.” The GOOD NEWS September, 1959 But what about the word “Jehovah’ in Exodus 6:3? “Jehovah” Is NOT the Name ’l’ens of thousands are being led today to believe that the Creators name IS “Jehovah.” Where did the name “Je- hovah” come from? Notice what the Jewish Encyclopedia has to say: “ ‘Jehovah is generally held to have been the invention of Pope Leo Xs Confessor, Peter Calatin . who was followed in the use of this hybrid form by Fagius . But it seems that even before Galatin, the name ‘Jehovah had been in common use . . It is found in Raymond Martin’s ‘Pugio Fidei,’ written in 1270” (from Jewish Encyclopedia, article “Jehovah,” volume VII, page 88). The word “Jehovah” has come down to the modern world through the Cath- olic Church Even the “Jehovah‘s Wit- nesses,” in the preface to their transla- tion of the Bible, state: “While inclining to view the pronunciation ‘Yahweh’ as the more correct way, we have retained the form ‘Jehovah because of people’s familiarity with it since the 14th cen- tury” (page 25 ) “Jehovah’ is not the name It is a corrupt mispronunciation. Since “Jehovah’ is not the proper pronunciation of the IIebrew word YHWH, what then is its proper pro- nunciation? Some “Hebrew Name” sects say “Yahvah,” others say “Yah- weh,” still others believe it should be Yehweh, etc. Why this confusion? The answer is-the true eronunci- ation of the Hebrew word YHWH has been lost Here is how it happened. The Hebrew language uses conso- nants and semi-consonants, not vowels. Moses was inspired to write this name for the Creator with the four Hebrew letters YHWH. This Hebrew word, which the Israelites srcinally knew how to pronounce, comes from another Hebrew word HWH, an old form of thc root HYH, which mcans (‘to bc,” or “to become.” In the centuries since Jeremiah‘s day, the Jews became superstitious and made an idol out of this name They treated it with such superstitious reverence that they decided never to pronounce it In- stead, whenever they found this word in the Old Testament, they read Adonai in its place. Adonai is a Hebrew word meaning “Lord” or “Master.” Hence the proper pronunciation of YHWH be- came lost True Pronunciation Prophesied to Be Lost The Bible even prophesied that the pronunciation of this name should be lost to us today Notice Jeremiah 23: “I have heard what the prophets said, that prophesy lies in my name, saying, 1 have dreamed, I have dreamed . . which think to cause my people to forget my name by their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbor, as their fathers have forgotten my name for Baal.” The Jews in Jeremiah’s day knew how to Pronounce the word YHWH. But through the dreams of their false teach- ers they were mislead into believing that the word YHWH should not be pronounced-that it is too hoIy a word to be uttered And so the true pro- nunciation of the word became lost No one knows absolutely today how it should be pronounced. This is ex- actly what Jeremiah prophesied in these verses over 2500 years ago Hcrc is what Rothcrham says about this name in his Emphasized Bible page 25: “The true pronunciation seems to have been Yahwi.. . The accent should be on the final syllable.” ]‘he ]ewish Encyclofiediu says of this name: *‘. . he srcinal pronunciation must have been Yahweh, or Yahaweh’ (Article “Names of God,” Volume IX, page 161 So the pronunciation YHWH is def- initely not Jehovah. Nor do any means roday exist of kilowing cxactly how it is to be pronounced-YET THE MEAN- ING OF THIS NAME IS PRESERVED FOR US TODAY. It means the “Eternal,” the “Everliving,” the Eternal “LORD.” The meaning of the Almighty’s name is far more important than its mere sound. Now let LIS notice definite scriptural PROOF THAT IT IS PROPER TO TRANSLATE THE NAMES OF GOD so that we may understand what they mean in the language we speak today Part of Old Testament Not Written in Hebrew In the Old Testament the English word “God” is often translated from the Hebrew words “El,” “Eloah,” and “El- ohim.” When Babylon conquered the Kingdom of Judah, Hebrew gradually ceased to be the language of common speech of the Jews. Hebrew was re- placed by Aramaic, spoken throughout the Babylonian Empire. Daniel wrote five whole chapters of his prophetic Luuk in Aramaic-hapters 2 through 6. And Ezra wrote four whole chapters of his work in Aramaic-chapters 4 through 7. When Daniel and Ezra referred to the Creator in these chapters, did they use the Hebrew words, or Aramaic translations? The surprising answer is that God inspired Daniel and Ezra to TRANS- LATE the Hebrew words for God into 25-27:  September, 1059 The GOOD NEWS Page 3 thr Aramaic word ELAH In 78 differ- ent places in these 9 chapters, the Ara- maic word ELAH is used to translate the Hebrew word for “God ” If the Aliiiighry inrended that His Name should be pronounced only in Hebrew, then Daniel and Ezra were false prophets But Daniel and Ezra were not false prophets They were in- spired men God inspired them to trans- late the Hebrew word for God into the Aramaic word ET.AH which means God Every word-every letter-which Ezra and Daniel were inspired to write has been preserved for us today Jesus said that not one jot or tittle-rhe least letters or marks of the alphabet-in the Old Testament would be lost (Matthew 5:18; Luke 16:17). Since God inspired His prophets to translate the Hebrew word for God into the Aramaic ELAN, which means “God” in Aramaic, then it is fitting nnd proper that the Hebrew word ELOHlM should be translated “GoP nto the Eng- lish translations of the Old Testament “God” Is NOT a Pagan Name Some “Hebrew Name” sects contend that it is a sin to use the wnrd “God ” They reason that because the word God was used by our ancestors to refer to their idols, it is improper to use it to rcfcr to thc Creator. But norire wliar the Bible reveals about this very ques- tion in Romans 1:21: “When they [the Gentile nations) knew God, they glorified Him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their im- aginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing themselves to he wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and to four-footed beasts, and to creeping things.” And notice verse 28, ‘I . they did not like to retain God in their knowledge.” The nations once kneui God, but they changed the glory of the uncorrupt- ible God into images-idols They attached the name of their Creator to their idols. Notice the astounding proof of this in the Old Testament In the inspired IIebrew of die Old Testament the Hebrew word ELOHlM -which means “the God Kingdom,” or “the God Family”-is used 240 times to refer to PAGAN, HEATHEN “GODS ” In two places this word is also trans- lated “goddess” in the Old Testament. Again, the Hebrew worrl El. is once translated “idol” and 15 rimes trans- lated “god”-and refers to the heathen gods. The Hebrew word Eloah is five times used in the Old Testament LU refer to heathel2 “gods.” In 16 different places Ezra and Nehemiah were in- spired to use thc Aramaic word ELAII to refer to the heathen “gods” of the Aramaic-speaking people Thus if it is a sin to use the English word ”God” to refer to the Creator- merely because our pagan ancestors used it to refer ro their idols-then it is also a sin to use the Hebrew words Elohim, Eloah, El, or the Aramaic Elah to refer to the Creator because these words were also used by our pagan an- cestors to refer to their pagan idols in Old Testament times Since God did inspire is prophets in the Old Testament to ase the very words also describing pagan idols for His Name, then it is right and proper for us to use the English word “God’ today when referring to the Creator Now let us notice how God inspired the apostles to write His name in the inspired Greek New Testament. The Name in the New Testament The words of your Savior are given to us in the New Testament. Before He ascended to heaven, He promised His disciples, “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my word shall not pass away” (Matthew 24:35). Heaven and earth have not passed away Neither have the words of the Savior They are found inspired in the New Testament today How were the names of Deity rendered in the New Testamenr for the Greek-speaking con- verts? Notice Paul was sent to the Gentiles-par- ticularly the Greek-speaking Gentiles. His ministry covered the whole Greek- speaking world. The Greeks did not know Hebrew or Aramaic. They knew Greek. In I Corinthians 9:20, Paul said, “To the Greek I became as a Greek.” Huw did Paul explain to these Greek converts who the Father and who the Son were? What names did he use for the Greeks when referring to the Crea- tor? The answer is-he used the Greek ioords for “God,” “Lord,” “Christ,” the “Word,” and ‘I Jesus.” God inspired him to translate the Hebrew word El, mean- ing “God,” into the Greek word Tbeos. God inspired Paul in the New Testa- iiieiit to translate the Hebrew word YHWH into the Greek word Kyrios, meaning “Lord.” In 665 different places in the New Testament the apostles were inspired to translate the Hebrew word YHWH into the Greek word Kl’rios, meaning the eternal “Lord.” And 1,345 times the aDostles were inspired to translate the Hebrew word for God into the Greek word Theos-which means “God” in rlie Greek language These two Greek words-Kyrios and Theos-meaning “Lord” or “God” in Greek, are found 1i~111clit.ds f rimes in the gospels, in the very words of Jesus Himself And Jesus said His words would not pass away-Matthew 24:35. Either these are the inspired words of Jesus, or He lied -and if He lied, you have no Savior He did not lie. These are His words. He inspired His apostles to translate the names of God from the Hebrew into the Greek when writing to the Greek converts; and He has seen to it that not one word has pelislied or been lost There is not one New Testament manuscript with the names of God written in Hebrew There is not one New ’Testament manuscript which sup- ports the idea that the apostles used Hebrew names for God when speaking to the Greek people. New Testament Inspired in Greek Some sects are unwilling to admit what- the inspired New Testament plainly says They falsely claim that the New Testament was not written srci- nally in Greek. They assume that the Jewish Christians could not understand Greek. They would have us believe that Paul wrote to the Greek converts in Greece, and Asia Minor, and Ru~iie n Aramaic instead of Greek This is not true Greek was the one universal language which united the common people in the Roman Empire in New Testament times. The Jewish historian Josephus himself testified to Greek as the Jan- guage which the Jews everywhere understood in New Testament days Not only did the Jews who lived in the Greek world speak Grcck, but even the Jews who lived in Palesrine, he declares, were well acquainted with Greek Greek-speaking Jews were so prevalent in Palestine that synagogues for them had to be built (Acts 6:9). ewish law for Palestine permitted that the Scrip- ture “may be read in a foreign tongue to them that speak a foreign tongue” (Megillah 291). And it was further permitted “that the Books [of the Bible] may be written in any language,” but that at the time of Christ the Books were “only permitted to be written in Greek” (Megillah 138). (From The Mishnah by Herbert Danby, Oxford University Press. ) Though the native-born Jews in Palestine in the days of the apostles generally used Aramaic as their common language, yet Greek was the next in im- portance even to them. Josephus tell us why thc Greek lan- guage, after Aramaic, was so common with the Jews in Palestine: “I have also taken a great deal of pains to obtain the learning of the Greeks. and understand the elements of (Please continue on page 9)  Page 4 The GOOD NEWS September, 1959 International magazine of THE CHURCH OF GOD ministering to its members scattered abroad VOL. VIII NUMBER 9 Herbert W. Armstrong Publisher and Editor Garner Ted Armstrong Executive Editor Herman L. Hoeh Managing Editor Roderick C. Meredith Associdte Editor Address communications to the Editor, Box 11 1, Pasadena, California. Copyright, September, 1959 By the Radio Church of God Be sure to notify us immediately of change of address LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Marseille, [France), the 21 June 1959 “Dcar Brcthrcn, “We received your two tracts about the holydays and you don’t know what a great joy it is for us to have found at hst the people who keep the Lords Sabbath and His Feast Days. It’s now more than 30 years that we are keeping the feast days of the Lord and almost 50 years that we are keeping the Sab- bath. And we were always searching such a people but we had not found them yet. We have also a few sisters in Paris who were keeping them like us. But we did not know that we should eat tinleavened bread for 7 days. Do you have more booklets on this subject? “ should like to know also how you keep the Sabbath Day. Because the Ad- \,cntists arc cooking food on che Sabbath Day but we don’t see that it is right. “ received also ‘The British Com- iiwnwealth’ and The PLAIN TRUTH magazines you sent. Thank you very much for all, though there are lacking numbers to read the whole story of Brother Armstrong. But you say you don’t have them. I’m sorry. “Please send me also ‘The Key for Kcvelation.’ “ shc~iilcl ike 1 enroll in the An- bussador College Bible Correspondence Course in English. But I was told that ynn’re translating it in French also. I would be very glad if you would send it in French to the following two ad- dresses: . “Thdllk you also for the handker- chiefs you sent me with a letter express. I got everything you sent and I’m feel- ing much better now. Please continue to pray for us. “With thanks . . .” Church Needed “Dear Mr. Armstrong: “I must congratulate you on your choice of ministers. Messrs. Smith and Meredith are the most KhAL CHKISTIANS I have ever met. Couldn’t you lease start a church in New York City and allow Mr. Smith to be the minister? We [New Yorkers] need your Church DES- PERATELY. No one in this area is preach- ing THE TRUTH. Please see if this can be arranged. I have prayed faithfully for a church since they arrived.” Woman from Brooklyn, New York. Editor’s comment: We are happy that plans being made include a new church in New York City, right after the Feast of Tabernacles. Daughter Healed “Dear Mr. Armstrong: “One year ago my daughter . was arflicred with Saint Vitus Dance. We have studied Scripture for years and have received The PLAIN TRUTH nd other help from you for about 3 years. We took our daughter to a physician. First he put her on phenobarbital for about months until her skin broke out -then switched her to a tranquilizer, plus medicine to undo the breaking out on her skin. For 4 months, no improve- ment except to keep her in a state of grogginess; of course her condition deepened and if you have ever seen a person with this affliction you must know how pitiable their condition is. “We listen every night to you on WWVA and heard your explanation concerning not calling a physician, but rather the elders of the Church. Wc arc sincere believers in God and Jesus Christ and try to conform in every way to their teaching thru the Holy Cov- enants, and your teaching. We threw away dl pills, did not return to doctors, but requested prayer of you, also an anointed handkerchief, and we sincerely prayed and asked God to keep His prom- ise to heal and He bas. My daughter from that day on has steadily improved and is now healed. Doctor and prescrip- tions had cost us 13.00 per week. We thought yoii would like to know of this healing, and we thank God and pray for you and your family, also the success of the program.” Man from Canton, Ohio. Her Light Was Shining “Dear Mr. Armstrong: “We have been searching for the real true Church, and have prayed for God to lead us. Thursday while at the beauty parlor, 1 asked my operator what de- nomination she beionged to. She said not any. I was so surprised because she acted as if she were a Christian. She was so different from the other girls, that would talk of drinking parties, and bleached hair they had. This girl wore no make-up and her hair was a natural color. Besides she was and is just plain SWEET. I kept quizzing her and she told me she took a Bible Course and went t3 the Fresno Church of God on Satur- day. I found she believed as we had found the Bible to read. Then she asked me if I was really interested in the real truth. I told her I really was but we had been fooled twice and I had almost come to the conclusion that Church membership was a sin. Then she gave me her phone number and I callrd her and went and visited her. What a wonderful reception I got, and we talked until almost midnight.” Woman from Porterville, California. Doctrine Cleared Up “Dear Brethren: “I want to express my appreciation for the article in the July GOOD NEWS, entitled “What You Should Know About Tithing.” I have been waiting a long time for that article. Even though I had accepted the teaching of the sec- ond and third tithe from the beginning, because I know that God’s ministers were responsible to Him, this subject had never been proved to me from the Bible.” Member from Leesville, Texas. God Answers Prayer “Dear Mr. Armstrong: “Give praises to God. My prayer., have been answered again. This time there is no doubt that it was a miracle. I arrived here Monday night at mid- night, after leaving my wife and three children with relatives a hundred miles away. Tuesday I started working on my new job. I was told by everyone with whom I talked that I would have a hard time finding a home big enough for my family. Last night I got down on my knee., and asked God to give me shelter for my family in Clarksburg. This morn- ing, at approximately ten o’clock, I paid the first month‘s rent on a very desirable tliree-bedroom home in a very desirable residential neighborhood with enough ground to plant a garden in the spring. I asked God for suitable shelter for my family. The blessing I received was many times what I asked for. . ” Man from Clarksburg, West Virginia.
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