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Group2_Israel-Palestine_Game Theory(FINAL)..pdf

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Group 2: Game Theory Application: Israel-Palestine Conflict I. BACKGROUND OF ISRAEL-PALESTINE CONFLICT The Israel-Palestine conflict can be dated way back in the 1250BC and has been going on until present. Various events have transpired and is too lengthy to narrate. Unfortunately, the actual history, facts and figures of the conflict often become lost in the murk of outspoken opinions and ideologies. Here is a timeline of the most fundamental facts of a globally important issue we have a
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  Group 2: Game Theory Application: Israel-Palestine Conflict I.BACKGROUND OF ISRAEL-PALESTINE CONFLICT The Israel-Palestine conflict can be dated way back in the 1250BC and has been going on until present. Various events have transpired and is too lengthy to narrate. Unfortunately, the actual history, facts and figures of the conflict often become lost in the murk of outspoken opinions and ideologies. Here is a timeline of the most fundamental facts of a globally important issue we have at hand:  II.GAME THEORY APPLICATION: ISRAEL STRATEGIES VS. PALESTINE STRATEGIES  Group 2: Game Theory Application: Israel-Palestine Conflict III.ANALYSIS OF STRATEGIES  Israel Use of Force vs. Palestine Armed Resistance Armed conflict is the worst case scenario because the United Nations (UN) Charter prohibits use of force or threat of force. Israel’s strategy is to use violence and raise arms against Palestine. Moreover, United States (US) has been known to provide assistance to Israel in any circumstance. Palestine, on the other hand, will naturally respond with the same violence to protect their territorial integrity and inhabitants. Article 51 of the UN Charter allows the right of collective self-defense against armed attack. Having US on its side, Israel obviously wins in this case.  Israel Military Occupation vs. Palestine Rise of Political Movements   Israeli forces continue their military occupation, land confiscations and construction of settlements in the West Bank and blockade of the Gaza Strip. While Palestinian political parties, Hamas and Fatah, continuously claim their over tWest Bank and Gaza Strip territories. The Latin American countries support Palestine in its endeavour. Palestine may receive assistance from its neighbouring countries, but it still not enough to in comparison with the military, political and financial support Israel receives from the US. US has always been upfront in favouring Israel over Palestine. US Political Aid for Israel vs. International Recognition for Palestine UN General Assembly passed a resolution to upgrade Palestine’s status as a “non-member observer state” in the UN which also provides rights and privileges for Palestine. Israel voted against the resolution stating that there is already an existing peace process negotiation  between Israel and Palestine. Nine countries voted against the resolution and one of them is US. US is one of the five permanent members in the Security Council and it can exercise its veto power against the resolution. While Palestine’s strategy is to come before the UN in peace and to seek international recognition. Fortunately, an overwhelming majority of 138 UN member-states voted for the resolution. Clearly, Palestine wins in this situation.  Arbitration vs. Two-State Solution Israel’s strategy is to submit their case for arbitration to the ICC International Court of Arbitration or Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). The decision of these tribunals will be based on the facts given by the parties, hence, it will be impartial and binding upon the parties. The only downside is arbitration will only take place if both parties will agree to such method of dispute resolution. Palestine expressed its interest with two-state solution wherein the land will be divided for the two nations. However, two-state solution will never work because the Israel and Palestine have entirely different ideologies. Palestine refuses to recognize Israel’s right to exist as much as Israel refuses to support Palestine’s effort to be an independent state. If this is left to them, the conflict will never be resolved. Arbitration is the best strategy. IV.RECOMMENDATION Arbitration, with the insistence and support of UN member-states, is the best solution to resolve Israel and   Palestine conflict. Mediation, UN resolutions and negotiations will never work for two conflicting nations overwhelmed with hate and cynicism. They’ve been living alongside each other for years without being able to achieve peace or trust. Palestine seeks all of Israel, and Israel wants to control Palestinian borders to secure the Jewish state and its inhabitants. Arbitration, as opposed to mediation, will not require parties to communicate endlessly until they reach to a settlement. Arbitration is as rigid as a court process. The arbitrators will hear the case and decide based on trial and evidence submitted by the parties. Israel and Palestine will never come to an agreement themselves. What they need is an impartial tribunal which will make a decision for them, and that decision will be legal and binding.
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