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Haiti Presentation

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1. Recommendations to UNDP: HAITI Hilary Anderson, Mary Rose Axiak, Jane Franklin 2. Where is development? What can we do? How can we save lives and improve livelihoods?…
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  • 1. Recommendations to UNDP: HAITI Hilary Anderson, Mary Rose Axiak, Jane Franklin
  • 2. Where is development? What can we do? How can we save lives and improve livelihoods?
  • 3. <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  • 4. Brief History of Haiti <ul><ul><li>“ Discovered” by Columbus: Former Spanish and French colony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Island first inhabitants were Tainos   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shares island with Dominican Republic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independence from France in 1804 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only country to gain independence from a slave rebellion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First country to outlaw slavery in the Western Hemisphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prominent leaders: Duvaliers, Aristide, Preval </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Haiti <ul><li>Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Similar in size to of the United States’ Maryland, has a total area of 27,750 square kilometers </li></ul><ul><li>3rd largest country in the Caribbean (Cuba and the Dominican Republic) </li></ul><ul><li>Mountainous country with four major ranges </li></ul><ul><li>Soils are thin and quickly become infertile when cultivated </li></ul><ul><li>Only has 28.11% arable land, and permanent crops are at less than 12%. </li></ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of Haiti’s populations are of African origin </li></ul><ul><li>Population 8,924,553 (2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>41.8% under 14  3.5%  over 65 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diaspora/ brain drain </li></ul><ul><li>Language: Creole and French (1/10) </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: Roman Catholic and Voodoo </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Climate </li></ul>
  • 6. Environmental Issues <ul><li>Over-cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>Prone to natural disaster -in the middle of the hurricane belt </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic droughts, flooding, inadequate supplies of potable water </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared and used as fuel) </li></ul><ul><li>Soil erosion-one-third of land may have eroded beyond recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of natural vegetation has led to loss of wildlife in the country, with some animals even being extinct on the island </li></ul>
  • 7. Current Situation <ul><ul><li>Poorest country in western hemisphere, 146 of 178 in HDI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>54% of Haitians live on less than $1/day 78% on less than $2/day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GNI per capita is US$480 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy (people 13 years of age and older) is 43 percent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life expectancy at birth is 60 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The infant mortality rate is 60 for every 1,000 live births </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The prevalence of HIV among the population (aged 15-49) is 2.2 percent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 2 percent of forest cover remains </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Economic Context <ul><ul><li>Real income per capita has declined on average by 2 percent annually over the past 20 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Per capita GDP for 2006 was $480 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% of population living on less than US$2 per day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% of Haitian males are unemployed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New government has increased transparency and created a 2% increase in GDP for each 2006 and 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Haitian economic growth is slower than developing nations in Africa </li></ul></ul>
  • 9.   Economic                                                  Political and economic instability, low growth and high levels of inequality and poverty have been persistent challenges confronting Haiti
  • 10. Economic <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  • 11. Economic <ul><ul><li>Two Major Programs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>World Bank Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability, 2008 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  World Bank Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy: 2008 -2010 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 12. Social <ul><li>As of 2001, 78 percent of Haitians were classified as poor, living on less than US$2 a day </li></ul><ul><li>More than half of Haitians live in extreme poverty, living on less than US$1 a day. </li></ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate of 75 per 1,000 births </li></ul><ul><li>Illiteracy rate of 47 percent   </li></ul><ul><li>Highest incidence of HIV/AIDS outside of sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Over half of the population does not have access to safe food and water. </li></ul>
  • 13. Social <ul><li>As of November 2007, Haiti’s Poverty Reduction Strategy consisted of three pillars:  </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers of growth (agriculture and rural development, tourism, infrastructure) </li></ul><ul><li>Human development (education and training, health, water and sanitation, the handicapped, children in poverty, youth, HIV/AIDS, gender equality)  </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic governance (justice, security, modernization of the state, territorial management, macroeconomic framework).  </li></ul>
  • 14. Social <ul><ul><li>Two Major Programs:   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education for All Project (EFA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Urban Community Driven Development Project (PRODEPUR) </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Political <ul><ul><li>Formerly Spanish and French Colony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of power from TFG to newly elected government: 2006 President Preval </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political violence settling but unrest still looms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of economic opportunity and social infrastructure will lead to increased political unrest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenges : </li></ul><ul><li>Improving security </li></ul><ul><li>Building a state </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritizing interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Delivering rapid results on the ground; and  </li></ul><ul><li>Pursuing inclusive country-wide dialogue with all political and social forces </li></ul>
  • 16. Political <ul><ul><li>Two Major Programs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DDR: first UN coordinated efforts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political Reform: following elections </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>According to MINUSTAH, in the period between June 2004 and May 2005,424 people died as a result of criminal acts, of which 323 deaths were in Port-au-Prince. Kidnapping rates grew steadily, reaching 20-24 cases per day in May-December 2005.
  • 17. UNDP Recommendations for Greatest Impact
  • 18. INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
  • 19. WATER SANITATION DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
  • 20. <ul><li>Questions or Comments </li></ul>
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