Holocaust Assembly 2011 Draft 2

of 5
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
  MartinaJodie/SinthujaHayleyZoëElkieKirstenGood morning. This assembly is to remember the Holoaust !hih took lae during the Seond #orld #ar in !hih Hitler and the $a%is brutally murdered millions o& Je!s' homose(uals' gy sies and eo le !ho o osed the $a%i rule in onentration am s and death am s. )irstly' !e*d like to thank Katja &or laying the theme &rom Shindler*s +ist so beauti&ully. ,sually this ty e o& assembly onentrates urely on those !ho died in the Holoaust and other terrible genoides around the !orld. The !ords u on the sreen say -#e !ill remember*. This is true  !e !ill remember  !e make a oint o& doing so eeryyear. 0ut this year the to i o& our assembly !ill be slightly di&&erent and !e ho e that you !ill be able to take something a!ay &rom today and learn something &rom it. This year !e !ill be talking about the eo le !ho died' yes' but !e !ill also be talking about the eo le !ho tried to hel them.Many o& us hae read 1nne )rank*s diary  in &at it has been read by millions o& hildren and adults around the !orld in 23 languages. $one o& this !ould hae been   ossible !ithout Mie Gies. Mie Gies' the o&&ie seretary !ho de&ied the $a%i ou iers o& the $etherlands to hel hide 1nne )rank and her &amily &or t!o years died in January 4565 aged 655. She !as the last surior o& the &e! non7Je!s !ho su lied &ood' books and om anyat the seret anne(e' aboe an 1msterdam anal !arehouse' !here 1nne' her arents' her sister and &our other Je!s hid &or 43 months during the seond !orld !ar.1&ter the anne(e !as raided by the German olie' Gies gathered 1nne*s notebooks and a ers and loked them in a dra!er. The teenager*s diary' !hih she !as gien on her 68 th  birthday' hroniles her li&e in hiding &rom 64 June 69:4 until 6 1ugust 69::. 1nne died o& ty hus' aged 63' in the 0ergen70elsen onentration am in Marh 69:3' t!o !eeks be&ore it !as liberated.Gies gae the diary to 1nne*s &ather' ;tto  the only one o& those !ho hid in the anne(e to surie the !ar  and he ublished it in 69:<. 1&ter the ubliation' Gies !orked to romote tolerane. She brushed aside the raise &or hel ing hide the )rank &amily as being more than she desered. She !rote= -This is ery un&air. So many others hae done the same or een &ar more dangerous !ork*. $eertheless' in 699< she told shoolhildren= -> don*t !ant to be onsidered a hero. >magine young eo le !ould gro! u !ith the &eeling that you hae to be a hero to do your human duty.*  1t the start o& the assembly' Katja' ery kindly' layed &or us the theme &rom a &ilm alled Shindler*s +ist' based on the tremendous !ork o& ;skar Shindler. ;skar Shindler' !ho ran a &atory' sur&aed &rom the haos o& madness' s ent millions  bribing and aying o&& the SS and eentually risked his li&e to resue the Shindler7Je!s. ;skar Shindler gae his Je!s a seond hane at li&e. To more than 6'455 Je!s ;skar Shindler !as all that stood bet!een them and death at the hands o& the $a%is. 1 man &ull o& &la!s like the rest o& us  the unlikeliest o& allrole models !ho started by earning millions as a !ar ro&iteer and ended s ending hislast enny and risking his li&e to sae his Je!s. He !as an ordinary man !ho een in the !orst o& irumstanes did e(traordinary things. >n ?!anda there are t!o main lans= the Hutu and the Tutsi. The ?!andan @resident' a member o& the Hutu lan' and the 0urundian @resident !ere killed !hen their lane !as shot do!n as it !as about to land in the a ital o& Kigali. The res onse !as s!i&t= The residential guard murdered the @resident*s olitial o onents and ut into motion a re7 lanned am aign to slaughter rial Tutsi lan members. The international ommunity did little to sto the bloodshed' and it ended only !hen a Tutsi rebel grou de&eated the Hutu7baked goernment. @aul ?usesabagina' dubbed by some the -;skar Shindler o& 1&ria'* resisted the madness that surrounded him and Auietly sheltered more than 6'455 Tutsis and moderate Hutus !ithin the !alls o& the lu(ury hotel he managed. ;utside those hotel !alls' mobs hunted do!n their itims and haked them to death !ith mahetes.  $o!' !e hae told you all these stories' but >*m sure some o& you hae lathed onto the &at that all these eo le !ere a lot older than us. They !ere adults. Ho!eer' !eare no! going to talk to you about some young eo le !ho &ormed their o!n resistane to Hitler and the $a%is.The Edel!eiss @irates emerged during the late 6985s' loated in the !orking7lass distrits o& a number o& !est German to!ns. The @irates onsisted rimarily o& 6476B7year7old boys.The Edel!eiss @irates a ear to hae gro!n s ontaneously' as a youth&ul rebellion against the rigid ontrol o& the Hitler Couth oer German teenagers. Most o& them hadneer joined the Hitler Couth or had le&t it. They o erated in small loal gangs.>n the inner7ity areas they ongregated on street orners' hung around arts o& the ity entre or met in loal arks. >t seems the young eo le !ho joined the Edel!eiss @irates had gro!n sik o& the lak o& &reedom !hih the $a%i regime had im osed on German soiety.>t !as during the !ar years D69897:3 that the atiities o& the Edel!eiss @irates gre! markedly. >n the ities' they took art in ithed battles !ith members o& the Hitler Couth and daubed sub!ays !ith anti7$a%i slogans suh as -Fo!n !ith Hitler  #e #ant )reedom*' -Medals &or Murder* and -Fo!n !ith $a%i 0rutality*.  >n addition' the Edel!eiss @irates osted the anti7$a%i lea&lets dro ed by 0ritish and 1merian bombers through the letter bo(es o& loal eo le. They began to hel Je!s'army deserters and risoners o& !ar.1s time !ent on' a &e! gre! bolder and een more heroi. They raided army am s to obtain arms and e( losies' made attaks on $a%i &igures other than the Hitler Couth and took art in artisan atiities. The Head o& the ologne Gesta o !as one itim o& the Edel!eiss @irates. The authorities reated !ith their &ull armoury o& re ressie measures. These ranged &rom indiidual !arnings' round7u s and tem orary detention D&ollo!ed by a head shaing' to !eekend im risonment' re&orm shool' labour am s' youth onentration am s or riminal trials. Thousands !ere aught u in this hunt. )or many' the end !as death. ;ne o& the most remarkable attem ts to rotest o enly against the $a%i regime !as undertaken by a brae grou o& uniersity students. The &ous o& this student unrest !as the ,niersity o& Munih. This grou !as kno!n as the #hite ?ose. The #hite ?ose onsisted o& &ie lose &riends based at the ,niersity o& Munih  Hans and So hie Sholl' 1le(ander Shmorell' hristo h @robst and #illi Gra&  and Kurt Huber' @ro&essor o& @hiloso hy and Musiology at the ,niersity.The &ie leading &igures in the #hite ?ose !ere motiated to!ards resistane   rimarily beause o& the lak o& ersonal &reedom in $a%i Germany. They !anted a   ost7Hitler Germany to be based on -&reedom o& s eeh' &reedom o& on&ession* Di.e. religion and the rotetion o& all the iti%ens o& Euro e &rom -arbitrary riminal   o!er states*.The major aim o& the #hite ?ose !as to in&luene the -eduated* setions o& German   ubli o inion to o ose $a%ism. )rom the summer o& 69:4 to )ebruary 69:8' the #hite ?ose rodued si( am hlets' !hih !ere distributed by them in the dead o& night in ologne' >nnsbruk' Essen' Hannoer' Stuttgart' )rank&urt' $uremburg' Munih and een +in%' !here Hitler had s ent most o& his hildhood.1ll si( o& their am hlets stressed that Hitler*s regime !as eil and orru t. The   o!er&ul and !ell e( ressed attaks on the $a%i regime in the #hite ?ose am hlets ame to the attention o& the Gesta o' !hih &ound out that they !ere oming &rom Munih and the uniersity !as ut under strit sureillane. ;n 8 )ebruary 69:8' ne!s o& the atastro hi de&eat o& the German army at Stalingrad!as announed on German radio. That eening' So hie and Hans Sholl !ent out together in the middle o& the night and daubed the !alls o& many uniersity buildings !ith anti7$a%i slogans. So hie also !rote the single !ord -)?EEF;M* near the entrane to the main uniersity leture hall.Early on the morning o& 6B )ebruary 69:8' Hans and So hie Sholl deided to distribute !hat turned out to be their last lea&let throughout the uniersity am us. They !ere arrying a suitase &ull o& lea&lets through the main uniersity building' dro ing lea&lets all along the orridor as they !alked' !hen they !ere suddenly  s otted by the uniersity*s head orter' !ho sei%ed them both by the arm' shouting' -Cou*re under arrest*.The Gesta o arried Auikly on am us and they arrested Hans and So hie Sholl' !ho !ere handu&&ed and drien a!ay. The rest o& the members !ere arrested !ithin the s ae o& three days. Hans and So hie Sholl !ere interrogated &or oer 45 hours  be&ore they &inally on&essed to the authorshi o& the lea&lets. They did not gie the names o& any o& the other members. ;n Monday 44 )ebruary 69:8' So hie Sholl arried at ourt on ruthes' !ith notieable bruises on her &ae. Hans Sholl and hristo h @robst sho!ed lear signs that they too had su&&ered hysial beatings in the days sine their arrest. 1t the end o& the day all three o& the aused !ere sentened to die by guillotine immediately. The leading members o& the #hite ?ose ae ted the erdit in a alm and digni&ied manner. They !ere immediately taken to Stadelheim @rison to a!ait their e(eution' !hih !as set &or 2 .m. the ery same eening. The arents o& Hans and So hie Sholl !ere allo!ed a &e! brie& minutes to s eak !ith their hildren be&ore they !ere e(euted. ?obert Sholl' !ith tears in his eyes' !armly embraed his son and daughter' and said to them= -Cou !ill go do!n in history. There is another justie than this.* So hie told her &ather that she !as ery roud to hae stood out against the $a%i regime. 0y 2=63 .m. Hans' So hie and hristo h !ere all dead. So hie*s &inal !ords !ere= Fie Sonne sheint nohIThe sun still shines. Hans shouted out the single !orld -)reedom* be&ore the guillotine &ell. 1le(ander Shmorell' Kurt Huber and #illi Gra& !ere all e(euted too.The members o& the #hite ?ose arried on their brae and sel&less struggle to !arn German eo le o& the horrors o& $a%i tyranny !ithout any &ear o& the onseAuenes o& their o!n lies. The members o& the #hite ?ose' although they did not seek immortality' !ill' as their &ather told them' -go do!n in history* beause their morally ourageous stand against Hitler*s tyranny !ill shine like a beaon as long as !e remember them.#e ho e that the stories !e hae told you today hae ins ired you. $one o& these   eo le !ere e(traordinary. Mie Gies !as a seretary' ;skar Shindler !as a &atory manager' @aul ?usesabagina !as a hotel manager' and the Edel!eiss @irates and the #hite ?ose !ere students like all o& us. Mie Gies said -> don*t !ant to be onsidered a hero. >magine young eo le !ould gro! u !ith the &eeling that you hae to be a hero to do your human duty.* 
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks