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2014 Q.NO.2 “When all has been said it will be found that consent remains firmly the basis of international law, and there are as many, and only as many, sources of international law as there are ways whereby the consent of states can be expressed”? Discuss Q.NO.3 “Whatever be the generally accepted rules governing the outer limit of the territorial limit of the territorial sea this issue, and others like it, will be settled in many cases on the basis of the principles of acquiescence and oppos
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  2014 Q.NO.2   “ When all has been said it will be found that consent remains firmly the basis of international law, and there are as many, and only as many, sources of international law as there are ways whereby the consent of states can be expressed”? Discuss Q.NO.3   “Whatever be the generally accepted rules governing the outer limit of the territorial limit of the territorial sea this issue, and others like it, will be settled in many cases on the basis of the  principles of acquiescence and opposability ”. Discuss   Q.NO.4  T he assumption that the “genuine link” formula, invented for dealing with people, is capable of immediate application to ships……….smacks of a disappointing naivete   Q.NO.5   “The case law of the international court of justice and the practic e of United Nations show that while the principle of self-determination is agreed upon, neither the scope of its application nor the method of decolonization has been settled” Discuss   Q.NO.6 “All the major issues on voting in the Security Council are now sa tisfactorily resolved. The real  problem today is about the composition of the Security Council” Discuss   Q.NO.7 “The office of the Secretary General of the United Nations is certainly the most important and visible post in intentional multilateral diplomacy but it has been called the most impossible job in the world because the faces complex and contradictory pressures in the performance of his duties” Discuss   Q. No.8  To what extent could the constitution and practice of the international labour organisation server as a useful model for other specialized international organisations ? 2013 1. International law is a product of centuries - elaborate the statement in view of the scientific development and codification  of the law. 2. States continue to be the principal subjects  of international legal relations but non-state entities too exert a great deal of influence on the legal system. Examine the statement with reference to rights and duties of international organizations under law. 3. While c ustoms  form the major part of International law it is conventions  that make it more authentic and applicable. Discuss. 4. Why is the third UN convention on the law of sea (UNCLOS-III) considered a vast diplomatic and legal undertaking and what has made it different to the earlier efforts on the subject? 5. Explain the structure and powers of the International Court of Justice and assess the importance of the principles laid down in judicial decisions of leading cases as precedents for states. 6. Define Recognition and explain its kinds. Also point out the difference between recognition of states and governments. 7. Keeping in view the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). What can be a reform agenda in your opinion for making the UN more effective?  2012  Q.2 Does the customary international law grant the right to use force to a state in response to a terrorist attack on it? Substantiate your answer by arguing from Article 51 and Paragraph 4 of the Article 2 of the UN Charter and other recent examples in this regard. Q3. “Non -recognition of a government can be amounted to denying the recognition of the state itself as it is the governments that do international business on behalf of the states.” Argue in affirmative this statement with particular reference to Constitutive Theory of Recognition. Q4. Lord Curzon once said, “Frontiers are indeed the razor’s edge on which hang suspended the modern issues of war or peace, of life or death to nations.” Explain in this light the various modes of acquisition of territory by a state. Q5. What are the various kinds of treaties in international law? Explain the laws about formation, interpretation and termination of treaties. Q6. What is Veto? How, when and by whom it is used? What consequences Pakistan had to face in the past because of its use by a former superpower? Q7. Explain with reference to the relevant articles of the UN Charter that whether the world body is authorized to intervene in the domestic jurisdiction of its member states. Q8. Write short notes on any FOUR of the following: (a) Protectorate (b) Prize Courts (c) Extradition (d) Double Nationality (e) Continental Shelf (f) Universal Declaration of Human Rights 2011 Q. 2: As the basis of the Law of Nations is the common consent of the member states of the Family of  Nations, it is evident there must exist as many sources of international law as there are facts through which such common consent can possibly come into existence. (Oppenheim). Discuss Q. 3: International Law is primarily concerned with the rights, duties and interests of states. Examine this statement with reference to the place of individuals and non-state entities is International Law. Q. 4: The Subject of Recognition is one of the most difficult branches of international law, not merely from the points of view of exposition of principles, but also intrinsically by reason of many difficulties which arise in practice. Discuss Q. 5: Define Diplomatic Envoy. Give a short account of the functions, privileges and immunities of the diplomatic envoys accredited to other states. Q. 6: The Practice of United Nations Organization Show that while the principle of Self-Determination is agreed upon, neither the scope of its application nor the method of decolonisation has been settled. Discuss Q. 7: All the major issue on voting in the Secretary Council are now satisfactorily resolved. The real  problem today is about the composition of the Security Council. Discuss Q. 8: Elucidate and justify: The United Nations inspite of its imperfections, is the only organizations that can save humanity from disaster and copmplete annihilation.   2010 2. Give such a definition of Int Law which could cover all the modern trends in it? 3.  Discuss the concept of Neutralization. How is it done? Explain the Rights, Duties and Guarantees given to a Neutralized state. 4.  Define Recognition. Differentiate between Defacto and Dejure Recognition. 5.  What is meant by 'Subjects of Int Law'? Justify Individuals as the subject of Int Law by giving appropriate examples. 6.  Discuss various modes of Acquisition of Territorial Sovereignty by the states acknowledged in Int Law. 7.  Give an account of the efforts of international community to protect the civilian population from the effects of war. 8 . Discuss in detail amicable means for settlement of international disputes. 2009   Q.1  Define International personality and discuss various entities as International Legal person. Q.2  How far do you think that International Law is based on common consent of States? Evaluate importance of customary law and treaty law as binding in this regard Q.3  Territory is undoubtedly the basic character of a state as well as widely accepted elaborate with reference to exclusive rights of states on Land and Air territory. Q.4  How far has the United Nation succeeded in developing a comprehensive system of Human Rights protection? Can emphasis on social justice and Human rights lead to a stable International Order? Q.5  Define State jurisdiction and explain how domestic jurisdiction can be limited by and reduced by  principles of International Law? Q.6  keeping in view the objectives of the charter seeking to establish a mechanism of peace and security how far has United Nations succeeded in confronting changes in Global society? Q.7  Describe Importance of diplomacy in interstate relations and discuss the concept of diplomacy and immunity?   2008 Q.2.   John Austin says “International Law is not a real Law, but a positive International Morality.” Do you agree with him? Give arguments in support of your answer. Q.3. Briefly and precisely define SUBJECTS International Law. Do you agree that INDIVIDUALS can be considered as subjects of International Law? Give appropriate examples in this regard. Q.4.  Discuss Amicable Means for the settlement of International Disputes.? Q.5.  Give precise definition of Extradition. Write a comprehensive essay on extradition by covering all its aspects. Q.6.  Define High Seas. Explain the concept of Freedom of High Seas along-with restrictions over it. Q.7.  Discuss Recognition. Differentiate between de-jure and de-facto recognition. What are the disabilities of an unrecognized state? Q.8.  Differentiate between Territorial and Extra-Territorial Asylum. Under which circumstances an Embassy or Consulate can offer asylum to a fugitive/offender of the territorial State? 2007 Q.1 What is meant by RECOGNITION of STATES as a member of FAMILY of NATIONS? State the different modes of such recognition. Q.2   In the absence of any form of international legislature of democratic states, international law was said to be based upon the consent of the states upon their individual acceptance of its principles and rules. Discuss. Q.3  Write short notes on: (a) universal declaration of human rights (b) international court of justice (c) international boundaries (d) extradition (e) neutrality Q.4  What is VETO? How , when and by whom it is used? Q.5  State and discuss in brief the various steps mentioned by STARKE in the creation of legal obligation by a treaty. Q.6  Coercion against a state renders a Treaty invalid. Discuss main features of the principles. Also elaborate TWO other methods of rendering invalid the consent of a State to be bound by a treaty. Q.7 Explain the various modes of acquiring and losing NATIONALITY. What is DOUBLE  NATIONALITY and STATELESSNESS?
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