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DR. RAM MANOHAR LOHIYA NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY, LUCKNOW PROJECT REPORT ON “ IPR AS A BARRIER TO THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT” SUBMITTED BY:JAYATI CHANDRA ROLL NO:- 55 4TH YEAR, VII SEMESTER TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 2. TRANSFER TECHNOLGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 3. THE QUESTION OF TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY FROM DEVELOPED COUNTRIES TO EMERGING ECONOMIES 4. THE PROBLEM OF ACCESSIBILITY OF EMERGINF ECONOMIES TO TECHNOLOGIES FROM ADVANCED COUNTRIES 5. APPROPRI
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  DR. RAM MANOHAR LOHIYA NATIONAL LAWUNIVERSITY, LUCKNOW  PROJECT REPORT ON “ IPR AS A BARRIER TO THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGYAND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT”   SUBMITTED BY:- JAYATI CHANDRA ROLL NO:- 554 TH  YEAR, VII SEMESTER   TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 2. TRANSFER TECHNOLGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 3. THE UESTION OF TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY FROM DEVELOPED COUNTRIES TO EMERGING ECONOMIES 4. THE PROBLEM OF ACCESSIBILITY OF EMERGINF ECONOMIES TO TECHNOLOGIES FROM ADVANCED COUNTRIES 5. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES !. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AS A BARRIER TO TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY . PATENT LA# AND TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY: LIN$ NOT PROVEN %. CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION T&'()*+* /0)&/  0 '/'0+ 0) )06' 0'*/ ) *'0+ 0) &'*)*6' &7&+*86&). 1  T(&/0)&/ * &'()*+* /*6 070)'& '*)/& * &6&/) &'*)*6& '*)& *)& * (&)06&)0+ 90 * 8/& 8/*/& *90/ '*)7&/&)'& &9&&) (& 9* &'*)*6&. 2  T(&&7&/ 8&/707& & * S0)0+& &7&+*86&)  8&/(08 (& 6* 0)) '(0++&)& (0 1  F/*6 T&'()*+* T/0)&/ T* $)*9+&& T/0)&/-A S O I)&/)0*)0+ J*) V&)/& P/*;&' I) C()0  Dr  Richard Li-Hua, */'& /*6: (8:<<999.06*.*/<808&/0/'(7&<+-(0.8  =+0 0''&& *) 1 O'*&/, 2>1>? 2  T&'()*+* T/0)&/ A) S0)0+& D&7&+*86&) I) E6&/) E'*)*6&: T(& P/*+&6 O T&'()*+* L*'@-I): */'& /*6: (8:<<12.3.2>.41<&8<*(/<808&/<>5><>5>>>2.8 = +0 0''&& 2 (  S&8&6&/,2>1>?  (60) (0 &7&/ 0'&. 3  T(& /+& * 070)'& (60) 9&++-&) ) &7&+*8) )0*)  *)0 '*++*) '*/& 9( /*9) &*/ * 8/*&' (& +*0+ &)7/*)6&). Technology transfer    (& 8/*'& * (0/) * @++, @)*9+&&, &'()*+*&, 6&(* * 60)0'/), 068+& * 60)0'/) 0) 0'+& 06*) *7&/)6&) 0) *(&/ )*) * &)/& (0 '&)' 0) &'()*+*'0+ &7&+*86&) 0/& 0''&+& * 0 9&/ /0)& * &/ 9(* '0) (&) /(&/ &7&+*8 0) &8+* (& &'()*+* )* )&9 8/*', 8/*'&&, 088+'0*), 60&/0+ */ &/7'&. 4 Technology transfer includes a range of formal and informal cooperation between technologydevelopers and technology seekers . 5  I  6*/& (0) ; (& 6*7) * ((-&'( &86&) /*6 (& &7&+*8& * (& &7&+*8)9*/+, */ 9() (& &7&+*8) 9*/+. M*/&*7&/,  &)'*680& 0/ (0) &86&) 0) *(&/ *-'0++& hard!  &'()*+*&, */  0+* )'+& *0+ &6 0) (&/ '*68*)&) 80/,)'+) @)*9-(*9, ** 0) &/7'&, &86&), 0) */0)0*)0+ 0) 60)0&/0+ 8/*'&/&. The end result for the recipient must be the ability to use, replicate, improve and, possibly, re-sell the technology . T( &'()*+* /0)&/  (& & * 8/*'&& &)'*680)0++ 6&)*) * (& */), +*9 0) 80@& * @)*9-(*9, &8&/&)'& 0) &86&)06*), 0'/* 0) 9() '*)/&, 0@&(*+&/ */0)0*) 0) )*). ! T&'()*+* /0)&/ *& )* 0@& 8+0'& ) 0 70'6. T(& 8&/*/60)'& * 0 7&) &'()*+* &8&)&) *) 0 9& /0)& * 0'*/, 60@) &)'0*) * 0) &)7/*)6&)0++ *) */ *(&/9& 088/*8/0& &'()*+* *6&9(0 8/*+&60'. M*/&*7&/, 0 &'()*+* (0 0+&0 &) &)7/*)6&)0++ *) 0 *)& 8*) * 6&, 60 )* * * 0 0)*(&/ - (& 8&/*/60)'&'/&/0 00) 9('(   0&& 60 '(0)& 0 0 '*)&&)'& * )&9 )*/60*) */ '(0)) 70+& */ 0& 0 &'()'0+ /&0@(/*( 60 7& /& * 6*/& &/0+&0+&/)07&. 3 S*/'& /*6: 999.0++060(6&.*/<00'(6&)<#RSTSD->4.8  = +0 0''&& *) 2 (  S&8&6&/. 2>1>? 4  S*/'& /*6: (8:<<&).9@8&0.*/<9@<T&'()*+*/0)&/ = +0 0''&& *) 3 /  S&8&6&/, 2>1>? 5  S*/'& /*6 : (8:<<999./'.*/<&6<&'(/0).(6+ =+0 0''&& *) 2( S&8&6&/, 2>1>? 6  S*/'& /*6 : (8:<<999.)&8.*/.;8<&'<&'(/0)<*'<&'()*+*/0)&/7!.8  =+0 0''&& *) 2 ( S&8&6&/, 2>1>?  I  (&/&*/& 70+ (0 /&'8&) 0) &/ * 0 &'()*+* 0/& 0+& * '(**& 0) *8*) (06&& (&/ 8&'' )&& 0) '080'&, 9(+& 0+* &) &)7/*)6&)0++ *) )  *8&/0)+*'0+& 0) *7&/  *8&/0*)0+ +& ''+&. I , * '*/&, ((+ &/0+& (0 (& &'()*+* 0+* *) * & &'*)*6'0++ 70+& 0) *'0++ 0''&80+&, 0) (&)'& 0)0+&. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT E'&) /0)&/ * &'()*+*&  '/'0+ */ 0 0)0+& /&*)0+ 0) )&/)0*)0+ &'*)*6'/&'*7&/. T&'()*+* /0)&/ ) (& &)7/*)6&)0+ &+ (0 80/@& * *)& * (& 6* )&)&&0& &9&&) &7&+*8& 0) +& &7&+*8& '*)/& ) /&'&) &0/. D&8& (&'*666&) 0) '*)7'*) /&0/) (& )&& * /0)&/  nvironmentally-#riendly Technology /*6 &7&+*8& '*)/& * +& &7&+*8& *)&, (& 7&9 * 60) *&/7&/  (0 (&)&*0*) 0@) 8+0'& 0 (& U)& N0*) C+60& C(0)& C*)7&)*) 0) A&)0 21 % (07& )* +7& 8 * &8&'0*). 7 S*/'& /*6: 999.)&8.*/.;8<&'<&'(/0)<*'< &'()*+*  /0)&/ 7!.8  =+0 0''&& *) 1   O'*&/, 2>1>? 8 S*/'& /*6: (8:<<999.)-*'6&).)&<0&)021.(6 =+0 0''&& *) 4( O'*&/, 2>1>?
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