Documents

Juvenile Delinquency

Description
eqw
Categories
Published
of 43
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  10/2/2014 nicadalisan 1 JUVENILE DELINQUENCY   By NICA DALISAN nicadalisan nicadalisan JUVENILE    minors or individuals younger than the statutory age of majority    DELINQUENCY    failure to do what law or duty requires  Any action or conduct that deviates from acts of common people or from the norms of the society.   JUVENILE DELINQUENCY    also known as  juvenile offending , or youth crime  refers to any action or conduct of children or  youth that are not conventional or not normally accepted by the people  it refers also to any misbehaviors committed by children such as minor offenses or misdemeanors, or those acts defined by juvenile codes or laws   nicadalisan CATEGORIES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY   1.Delinquency  - crimes committed by minors which are dealt with by the juvenile courts and justice system 2. Criminal behavior    –   crimes dealt with by the criminal justice system 3. Status Offenses    –   acts or omission which may not be punishable if committed by adults, but become illegal only because the person is under age and the act was committed primarily by children, minors, or juveniles. nicadalisan nicadalisan Juvenile Status Offender Skipping School Having Bad Companion Running  Away Sex and Immoral Conduct  Violating Curfew hours Using Profanity Disobeying Parents  Vices  10/2/2014 nicadalisan 2 JUVENILE DELINQUENTS   - a person who is under age (usually below 18), who is found to have committed a crime which have declared by law that a minor lacks responsibility and thus may not be sentenced as an adult.   nicadalisan YOUTHFUL OFFENDER    –   children who are over nine years old but under 18 years old of age at the time of the commission of the crime.   nicadalisan TYPES OF OFFENDERS THAT EMERGE IN ADOLESCENCE 1.Life-Course-Persistent Offender  aka repeat offender  who begins offending or showing antisocial/aggressive behavior in adolescence (or even childhood) and continues into adulthood ; 2.Adolescence-Limited Offender  aka age specific offender   juvenile offending or delinquency begins and ends during their period of adolescence. nicadalisan FILIPINO CHILD    a person below 18 years of age (RA 9344).    Person over 18 years but unable to fully take care of themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination because of physical or mental disability or condition (PD 603)   nicadalisan SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CHILDREN   (PD 603)   1.Dependent child    a person without a parent, guardian or custodian  or whose parents, guardian or custodian for good cause desires to be relieved of his care and custody  dependent upon the public for support. nicadalisan nicadalisan 2. Abandoned child    a person who has no proper parental care or guardianship,  or whose parents or guardian has deserted him for a period of at least six continuous months.    10/2/2014 nicadalisan 3 nicadalisan 3. Neglected child    a person whose basic needs have been deliberately unattended to  inadequately attended to physically or emotionally, by his parents or guardians. nicadalisan Two types: a.Physical Neglect  - occurs when the child is malnourished, ill clad and without proper shelter b.Emotional neglect - occurs when a child is raped, seduced, maltreated, exploited, overworked or made to work under streets or public places, or when placed in mortal danger, or exposed to drugs, alcohol gambling, prostitution and other vices   4. Disabled child   it includes:  mentally retarded,  physically handicapped,  emotionally disturbed and  mentally ill children,  children with cerebral palsy and those inflicted with similar afflictions.   nicadalisan 5. Mentally Retarded Child    socially incompetent  mentally subnormal  retarded intellectually from birth or early age  retarded at maturity  mentally deficient as a result of constitutional srcin, through hereditary or disease  essentially incurable.   nicadalisan nicadalisan CATEGORIES OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILD a. Custodial Group    severely or profoundly retarded  the least capable group  includes those with I.Q.s to 25.   nicadalisan b. Trainable Group    with I.Q.s from about 25 to about 50  shows a mental level and rate of development which is 1/4 to 1/2 that of the average child   is unable to acquire higher academic skills, but can usually acquire the basic skills for living to a reasonable degree  can likewise attain a primary grade level of education if he receives effective instruction    10/2/2014 nicadalisan 4 nicadalisan c. Educable Group    IQ ranges from about 50 to about 75  intellectual development is approximately 1/2 to 3/4 of that expected of a normal child of the same chronological age  may reach 5th or 6th grade educational level  can develop occupational skills which may result in partial or complete economic independence in adulthood   nicadalisan d. Borderline or Low Normal Group    the highest group of mentally retarded, with I.Q.s from about 75 to about 89   only slightly retarded and they can usually get by in regular classes if they receive some extra help, guidance and consideration  have to spend much more time with their studies than do most children in order to pass   those who cannot make it are usually handicapped by one or more other conditions aside from that of intelligence   nicadalisan 6. Emotionally Disturbed Children    not afflicted with insanity or mental defect  unable to maintain normal social relations with others and the community in general  due to emotional problems or complexes   nicadalisan 7. Physically Handicapped child    Crippled  deaf-mute  Blind  or otherwise defective which restricts their means of action on communication with others.   nicadalisan 8. Mentally Ill Children    with any behavioral disorder  functional or organic  which is of such a degree of severity as to require professional help or hospitalization   CHILDREN AT RISK    a child who is vulnerable  to and at the risk of committing criminal offenses because of personal, family and social circumstances nicadalisan
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks