Documents

koran

Description
islam
Categories
Published
of 864
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
   THE KORAN: COMMONLY CALLED THE ALKORAN OF MOHAMMED.  Translated into English from the Original Arai! WITH EXPLANATORY NOTES TAKEN FROM THE MOST  APPROVED COMMENTATORS .  TO #H$CH $% &REF$'ED A &REL$M$NARY D$%CO(R%E )Y *EOR*E %ALE. 1    TO THER$*HT HON. +OHN LORD CARTERET.ONE OF THE LORD% OF H$% MA+E%TY,% MO%T HONO(RA)LE &R$-Y CO(NC$L.  MY LORD NOT#$TH%TAND$N* the great hono/r and res0e!t generall1 and deser2edl1 0aid to the memories of those 3ho ha2e fo/nded states or oliged a 0eo0le 1 the instit/tion of la3s 3hi!h ha2e made them 0ros0ero/s and !onsiderale in the 3orld 1et the legislator of the Aras has een treated in so 2er1 di4erent a manner 1 all 3ho a!5no3ledge not his !laim to a di2ine mission and 1 Christians es0e!iall1 that 3ere not 1o/r lordshi0,s 6/st dis!ernment s/7!ientl1 5no3n $ sho/ld thin5 m1self /nder a ne!essit1 of ma5ing an a0olog1 for 0resenting the follo3ing translation. The rememran!e of the !alamities ro/ght on so man1 nations 1 the !on8/ests of the Araians ma1 0ossil1 raise some indignation against him 3ho formed them to em0ire9 /t this eing e8/all1 a00li!ale to all !on8/erors !o/ld not of itself o!!asion all the detestation 3ith 3hi!h the name of Mohammed is loaded. He has gi2en a ne3 s1stem of religion 3hi!h has had still greater s/!!ess than the arms of his follo3ers and to estalish this religion made /se of an im0ost/re9 and on this a!!o/nt it is s/00osed that he m/st of ne!essit1 ha2e een a most aandoned 2illain and his memor1 is e!ome infamo/s. )/t asMohammed ga2e his Aras the est religion he !o/ld as 3ell as the est la3s 0referale. atleast to those of the an!ient 0agan la3gi2ers $ !onfess $ !annot see 3h1 he deser2es not e8/al res0e!ttho/gh not 3ith Moses or +es/s Christ 3hose la3s !ame reall1 from Hea2en 1et 3ith Minos or N/ma not3ithstanding the distin!tion of a learned 3riter 3ho seems to thin5 it a greater !rime to ma5e /se of an im0ost/re to set /0 a new  religion fo/nded on thea!5no3ledgment of one tr/e *od and to destro1 idolatr1 than to /se the same means to gain re!e0tion to r/les and reg/lations for the more orderl1 0ra!ti!e of heathenism alread1 estalished. To e a!8/ainted 3ith the 2ario/s la3s and !onstit/tions of !i2ili;ed nations es0e!iall1 of those 3ho <o/rish in o/r o3n time is 0erha0s the most /sef/l 0art of 5no3ledge: 3herein tho/gh 1o/r lordshi0 3ho shines 3ith so m/!h distin!tion in the nolest asseml1 in the 3orld 0e!/liarl1 e=!els9 1et as the la3 of Mohammed 1 reason of the odi/m it lies /nder and the strangeness of the lang/age in 3hi!h it is 3ritten has een so m/!h negle!ted. $ <atter m1self some things in the follo3ing sheets ma1 e ne3 e2en to a 0erson of 1o/r lordshi0,s e=tensi2e learning9 and if 3hat $ ha2e 3ritten ma1 e an1 3a1 entertaining or a!!e0tale to 1o/r lordshi0 $ shall not regret the 0ains it has !ost me. $ 6oin 3ith the general 2oi!e in 3ishing 1o/r lordshi0 all the hono/r and ha00iness 1o/r 5no3n 2irt/es and merit deser2e and am 3ith 0erfe!t res0e!t MY LORD  Yo/r lordshi0,s most h/mleAnd most oedient ser2ant *EOR*E %ALE. 2   A %KETCHOF THEL$FE OF *EOR*E %ALE.  OF the life of *EOR*E %ALE a man of e=tensi2e learning and !onsiderale literar1 talent 2er1 fe3 0arti!/lars ha2e een transmitted to /s 1 his !ontem0oraries. He is said to ha2e een orn in the !o/nt1 of Kent and the time of his irth m/st ha2e een not long 0re2io/s to the !lose of the se2enteenth !ent/r1. His ed/!ation he re!ei2ed at the King,s %!hool Canter/r1. -oltaire 3ho esto3s high 0raise on the 2ersion of the Kor>n asserts him to ha2e s0ent ?2e@and@t3ent1 1ears in Araia and to ha2e a!8/ired in that !o/ntr1 his 0rofo/nd 5no3ledge of the Arai! lang/age and !/stoms. On 3hat a/thorit1 this is asserted it 3o/ld no3 e fr/itless to endea2o/r to as!ertain. )/t that the assertion is an erroneo/s one there !an e no reason to do/t9 it eing o00osed 1 the st/orn e2iden!e of dates and fa!ts. $t is almost !ertain that %ale 3as ro/ght /0 to the la3 andthat he 0ra!tised it for man1 1ears if not till the end of his !areer. He is said 1 a !o@e=isting 3riter to ha2e 8/itted his legal 0/rs/its for the 0/r0ose of a00l1ing himself to the st/d1 of the eastern and other lang/ages oth an!ient and modern. His g/ide thro/gh the la1rinth of the oriental diale!ts 3as Mr. Dadi!hi the 5ing,s inter0reter. $f it e tr/e that he e2er relin8/ished the 0ra!ti!e of the la3 it 3o/ld a00ear that he m/st ha2e res/med it efore his de!ease9 for in his address to the reader 0re?=ed to the Kor>n he 0leads as an a0olog1 for the dela1 3hi!h had o!!/rred in 0/lishing the 2ol/me that the 3or5 3as !arried on at leis/re times onl1 and amidst the ne!essar1 a2o!ations of a tro/lesome 0rofession.B This alone 3o/ld s/7!e to sho3 that -oltaire 3as in error. )/t to this m/st e added that the e=isten!e of %ale 3as terminated at an earl1 0eriod and that in at least his latter 1ears he 3as engaged in literar1 lao/rs of no tri<ing magnit/de. Thestor1 of his ha2ing d/ring a 8/arter of a !ent/r1 resided in Araia e!omes therefore an o2io/s im0ossiilit1 and m/st e dismissed to ta5e its 0la!e among those ?!tions 1 3hi!h iogra0h1 has often een en!/mered and disgra!ed. Among the fe3 0rod/!tions of 3hi!h %ale is 5no3n to e the a/thor is a 0art of The *eneral Di!tionar1 B in ten 2ol/mes folio. To the translation of )a1le 3hi!h is in!or0orated 3ith this 2ol/mino/s 3or5 he is stated to ha2e een a large !ontri/tor. #hen the 0lan of the (ni2ersal Histor1 3as arranged %ale 3as one of those 3ho 3ere sele!ted to !arr1 it into e=e!/tion. His !oad6/tors 3ere %3inton eminent as an anti8/ar1 and remar5ale for asen!e of mind9  %hel2o!5e srcinall1 a na2al o7!er9 the 3ell informed intelligent and laorio/s Cam0ell9 that sing/lar !hara!ter *eorge &salmana;ar9 and Ar!hiald )o3er 3ho after3ards e!ame an o6e!t of /nen2iale notoriet1.  The 0ortion of the histor1 3hi!h 3as s/00lied 1 %ale !om0rises The $ntrod/!tion !ontaining the Cosmogon1 or Creation of the #orld9B and the 3hole or nearl1 the 3hole of the s/!!eeding !ha0ter 3hi!h tra!es the narrati2e of e2ents from the !reation to the <ood. $n the 0erforman!e of his tas5 he dis0la1s a thoro/gh a!8/aintan!e 3ith his s/6e!t9 and his st1le tho/gh not 0olished into elegan!e is neat and 0ers0i!/o/s. $n a Fren!h iogra0hi!al di!tionar1 of anti@lieral 0rin!i0les a 3riter a!!/ses him of ha2ing ado0ted a s1stem hostile to tradition and the %!ri0t/res and !om0osed his a!!o/nt of the Cosmogon1 3ith the 2ie3 of gi2ing !/rren!1 to his hereti!al o0inions. Either the a!!/ser ne2er read the arti!le 3hi!h he !ens/res or he has 3ilf/ll1 misre0resented it9 for it a4ords the f/llest !ontradi!tion to the !harge as does also the se8/ent !ha0ter9 and he m/st therefore e !ontented to !hoose et3een the demerit of eing a slanderer thro/gh l/ndering and re!5less ignoran!e or thro/gh sheer malignit1 of heart. Tho/gh his share in these 0/li!ations a4ords 0roof of the er/dition and ailit1 of %ale it 0roal1 3o/ld not alone ha2e een s/7!ient to 0reser2e his name from oli2ion. His !laim to e rememered rests 0rin!i0all1 on his 2ersion of the Kor>n 3hi!h a00eared in No2emer  in a 8/arto 2ol/me and 3as ins!ried to Lord Carteret. The dedi!ator does not disgra!ehimself 1 des!ending to that f/lsome ad/lator1 st1le 3hi!h 3as then too fre8/entl1 em0lo1ed in addressing the great. As a translator he had the ?eld almost entirel1 to himself9 there eing at that time no English translation of the Mohammedan !i2il and s0irit/al !ode e=!e0t a ad !o01 of the des0i!ale one 1 D/ R1er. His 0erforman!e 3as /ni2ersall1 and 6/stl1 a00ro2ed of still still remains in re0/te and is not li5el1 to e s/0erseded 1an1 other of the 5ind. $t ma1 0erha0s e regretted that he did not 0reser2ethe di2ision into 2erses as %a2ar1 has sin!e done instead of !onne!ting them into a !ontin/o/s narrati2e. %ome of the 0oeti!al s0irit is /na2oidal1 lost 1 the !hange. )/t this is all that !an e o6e!ted to him. $t is $ elie2e admitted that he is in no !ommon degree faithf/l to his srcinal9 and his n/mero/s notes and &reliminar1 Dis!o/rse manifest s/!h a 0erfe!t 5no3ledge of Eastern haits manners traditions and la3s as !o/ld ha2e een a!8/ired onl1 1 an a!/te mind !a0ale of s/mitting to 1ears of 0atient toil. )/t tho/gh his 3or5 0assed safel1 thro/gh the ordeal of !riti!ism it has een made the 0rete=t for a !al/mn1 against him. $t has een de!lared thathe 0/ts the Christian religion on the same footing 3ith the M/hammedan9 and some !haritale 0ersons ha2e e2en s/00osed him to ha2e een a disg/ised 0rofessor of the latter. The srcin of this slander 3e ma1 tra!e a!5 to the strange oli8/it1 of 0rin!i0les and the lind mer!iless rage 3hi!h are !hara!teristi! of igotr1. %ale 3as not one of those 3ho imagine

Pg 20417

Jul 23, 2017
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks