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lady margaret hall a n n u a l r e p o r t L A d y M a r g a r e t H a l l A n n u a l R e p o r t LMH Values Contents LMH values and promotes: Principal s Report 1 scholarship u intellectual independence
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lady margaret hall a n n u a l r e p o r t L A d y M a r g a r e t H a l l A n n u a l R e p o r t LMH Values Contents LMH values and promotes: Principal s Report 1 scholarship u intellectual independence u the academic and personal development of its students u diversity, openness, and tolerance u equality of opportunity u excellence, which it strives for in all its endeavours, academic and non-academic, and which it appreciates in the achievements of its students, alumni, and staff. Research 2-4 Graduate Studies 5 Student Profiles 6 Undergraduate Studies 7 Access Outreach Equality 8 Buildings And Facilities 9 Financial Report Governance 12 Alumni Relations 13 Fundraising Visitor, Principal and Fellows Examination Results Scholars And Exhibitioners Fellows Key Publications LMH Advisory Council LMH Association Committee Principal s Report This is Lady Margaret Hall s first Annual Report in this new format. Our purpose in writing it is to offer a succinct but comprehensive account of LMH s major activities during the year. I hope it will prove useful to all those who are interested in the College. This Report is also a result of our desire to be accountable to the whole LMH community of members and friends, to those who fund us, including benefactors and the UK government and taxpayers, those who support us in other ways, and all who feel they have a stake in what we are doing. Education and research are paramount. They are the very reason for the College s existence. This year we have been thinking about both in the context of Oxford University s Corporate Plan, which was approved in October 2005 (available at It has been equally important for us to consider the wider context of contemporary life and work for which an LMH education is preparing our students, and to which academic research makes such a vital and varied contribution. Our educational vocation is always the same but always changing, as the core values of scholarship and creativity are worked out in a dynamic relationship with the needs and aspirations of contemporary society. LMH is for life. Many of our alumni have this year given us wise counsel, and extended our vision. All of the other activities of the College serve its educational purpose. This year, for the first time, we are able to measure our achievements in everything from examination results to the refurbishment of our buildings against the targets established in the LMH Strategic Plan for (available on the College website: Graduate studies have flourished, with a notable crop of distinctions awarded in examinations last summer. Although undergraduate final examination results in 2005 were disappointing overall, there were some outstanding achievements both by finalists and by students in first and second year examinations. Major improvements have been made to the financial health, physical security, and facilities of LMH. Probably the most visible change has been the extension of the Library and the creation of a very successful new Law Library. The growth of the Student Bursary Fund has been equally pleasing, enabling us to give greater financial support to many of our students was also the year in which we prepared the way for a major transformation of the College. A masterplan for the development of the site was agreed in January, and John Simpson and Partners were chosen as architects for new buildings in October after an architectural competition. Some preliminary plans and sketches are available on the College website. LMH looks forward now to building a Graduate Centre, new undergraduate accommodation, and a lecture theatre. Student numbers will remain stable, but we will be able to accommodate all undergraduates and many more graduates on site, with superb facilities. The new buildings will express our pride in the College s tradition, both academic and architectural, and our confidence in its future. Frances Lannon The Principal L A d y M a r g a r e t H a l l P r i n c i p a l s R e p o r t Research Lmh An Academic Community Dedicated to Scholarship and Research The Fellows of LMH engage in research of international significance in a wide range of disciplines across the humanities, social sciences, medicine, mathematics, life sciences, and physical sciences. We welcomed in October 2004 new Fellows in French, Philosophy, and History, and Professor Vincent Gillespie, Tolkien Professor of English Literature and Language. Some key publications by Fellows are listed on pp Projects in medieval studies, wildlife conservation, economics, and engineering are featured here by way of illustration. LMH has a commitment unique in Oxford University to the Wildlife Conservation Research Centre (WildCRU). This has been an annus mirabilis for WildCRU. It moved into splendid premises, Tubney House, in October 2004, and published the second ten-year review of its conservation research around the globe in WildCRU s Director, Professor David Macdonald, is Senior Research Fellow at LMH. Dr Andy Loveridge and Dr Claudio Sillero of WildCRU are Junior Research Fellows. An impressive cohort of LMH graduate students are at various stages of their doctoral research. LMH has worked with David Macdonald for almost twenty years to make his vision of a major international centre for wildlife research a powerful reality, and the research continues into conservation issues on animals as diverse as lions, wild dogs, foxes, tigers, and water voles. LMH has wanted for some while to create a full Fellowship and Tutorship in Management Studies, in co-operation with the Saïd Business School, so it is good news that Dr Dana Brown, the first Clore Fellow in Management Studies, was elected to take up her post in October Other research initatives taken by the College include the establishment of Junior Research Fellowships, which are career development posts for scholars at completion of doctorate or early post-doctoral stage. The Rose Fellowship in International Relations, in its second year in , was held by Dominik Zaum who researches state-building by the international community in Bosnia, Kosovo, and East Timor. The first election was made to the Eleanor and Stuart Rigold Fellowship in Modern History, beginning in October All of these initiatives were made possible by the generosity of LMH alumni and friends, to whom we are extremely grateful. 2 L A d y M a r g a r e t H a l l r e s e a r c h Computer aided assistance in delivery of HIFU treatment Dr Penny Probert Smith, Fellow and Tutor in Engineering High Intensity Focused Ultrasound offers a non-invasive treatment which can be used selectively to burn away cancerous tissue. Unlike current treatment methods such as chemotherapy it has few side effects. Potentially it can be used to treat many types of tumour, such as liver, renal and prostate tumours. It is therefore a promising technology and has aroused considerable interest. The therapy unit generates a high power, highly focussed ultrasound beam (around 1mm diameter and a few mm long), which thermally destroys the tissue at the focus. The focal position is moved during treatment to treat different regions of the cancer. The Oxford Churchill Hospital is one of the first in the Western world to run clinical trials in an experimental HIFU treatment facility, with work concentrating on liver and kidney tumours. The Haifu machine has recently been awarded the CE mark, essential for clinical acceptance in the UK. The HIFU system has a dual ultrasound head: one to deliver the high power ultrasound and the other to acquire conventional ultrasound images to guide treatment. Our aim is to develop methods for real time feedback through analysis of these images during treatment. This is a first step towards image-guided treatment planning and an important step towards automatic control of HIFU delivery. We are working on two areas in particular: first to derive features from the ultrasound image to provide information on the state of the tissue being treated (especially temperature, the most critical parameter), and second to provide a display which will relate the pre-operation images (MRI and ultrasound) with the images taken during treatment. The team working on the project includes clinicians at the Churchill and a team from Engineering Science, including two from LMH: Penny Probert Smith and research student, Guoliang Ye. Wildlife Conservation Research Unit s Lion Research Project Dr Andrew J Loveridge, Research Fellow in Wildlife Conservation In 1999 Lady Margaret Hall Research Fellows Professor David Macdonald and Dr Andrew Loveridge started a lion research project in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. We were motivated by the concern that trophy hunting of lions in the hunting concessions surrounding Zimbabwe s largest park, by highpaying foreign hunting clients, was having a damaging effect on the park s lion population. The study entailed capturing and radiocollaring lions to follow their movements in the park and to ascertain their behaviour and population demography in the areas affected by trophy hunting. The project s research findings were that male lion trophy hunting quotas (the number of lions set aside for officially sanctioned safari hunts) greatly exceeded the number of mature males in the entire park population. Trophy hunters shot over 70% of all the adult males we radio-tagged between 1999 and In addition we showed that shooting adult males had knock-on effects on behaviour and ecology of the species. For instance, new males entering prides first kill all the previous prides male s cubs. This was found to be the case in Hwange. If the frequency of male turnover is high enough, few cubs survive to adulthood. Furthermore, because of unrealistically high quotas, many more lion hunts than mature lions were marketed. Therefore hunting guides were often tempted to shoot immature males, further reducing the capacity of the population to recover. These findings were presented to the Parks and Wildlife Authority of Zimbabwe, which reduced lion hunting quotas in 2004 Radio-tagging a lion and suspended all lion hunting in western Zimbabwe for This is an unprecedented move in a country ravaged by political uncertainty and economic collapse. The project is set to continue for at least another three years, with LMH student Zeke Davidson undertaking his DPhil on the project. L A d y M a r g a r e t H a l l r e s e a r c h Writing, religion, and politics in 15th Century England The Housing Market Professor Vincent Gillespie, J R R Tolkien Professor of English Literature and Language Dr Helen Barr, Fellow and Tutor in English Dr Gavin Cameron, Fellow and Tutor in Economics Professor Gillespie: My research ranges from Medieval Literary Theory to Modern British Drama, but at present I am actively exploring the broad spectrum of religious writing in England in the fifteenth century. This is a period of literary history that has seen relatively little critical cultivation, apart from the groundbreaking work of Douglas Gray, my doctoral supervisor and my predecessor at LMH as Tolkien Professor. My own recent interest in the brothers of Syon Abbey (founded by Henry V in 1415), and in their magnificent library (which may have grown to be the biggest in England when the house was suppressed in 1539) has made me realise that we need to map the religious culture of this period much more closely if we are to understand not only the literature produced in those years but also the early sixteenthcentury texts produced in the lead up to the Reformation. I hope that this will eventually result in a new book called Reverend History: The Brethren of Syon and the Religious Culture of Later Medieval England. Most recently I have been working on the impact of the great Church Councils of Pisa (1409), Constance (1415) and Basle (1431) on religious culture and attitudes in England, as the English church began to recover its sense of purpose and direction after the anxieties caused by John Wycliffe and the Lollards. In this twenty-five year period, English churchmen were once again exposed to European influences after the relative isolation of the Great Schism. The issues they sought to address and reform in the English church, and the language they used to do so, can, I think, be found extensively reflected and embedded in the writings of the vernacular authors of the period, such as Lydgate, Hoccleve, Audelay, and the author of the socio-political poems in Digby 102. This is where my research overlaps so excitingly with Helen Barr s current work on those texts. Both of us in different ways build on the pioneering work of Anne Hudson, to whose scholarship and acumen all labourers in this vineyard are profoundly indebted. It s a particular pleasure for me to be working in this area, so strongly marked and influenced by distinguished scholars and colleagues from LMH. Dr Barr: My major research project is to produce a critical edition of twenty four poems which are found in Bodleian Library, MS Digby 102. These poems are not great literary masterpieces, but they are often witty, adroit, and technically virtuosic. One of the most fascinating aspects of the sequence as a whole is the inseparability of the treatment of spiritual and political issues. Distinctively, the same sets of metaphors, turns of phrase, and set pieces are used to address matters of devotion and matters of state. What significance to attach to this depends on who wrote them, for whom, when, and how far the poems engage with definable contemporary events. The answers to these questions are far from clear. Some of the poems are harrowing in the strictness of their call to devotion, addressing the reader in ways which makes the sinner squirm (not a pleasant experience when transcribing the manuscript in Duke Humfrey s library). Other poems clearly criticise laxity in the institutional church. These calls for reform and religious stringency alongside orthodox devotion are significant; while there were draconian attempts at censorship of religious views at this time because of heresy, the Digby poems show that the policing, and the expression, of religious sentiment were much more delicately nuanced than some earlier accounts of this period have tended to suggest. Over the past three years I ve been involved in a series of major reviews conducted jointly for the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) and HM Treasury, along with various Oxford colleagues. The focus of this work has been Britain s dysfunctional housing market; a perennial source of interest for policymakers and the public alike! The government has been increasingly interested in how to make the supply of housing more responsive to market signals, but has faced considerable difficulties in formulating a coherent policy. The main problem is that no politician wants to tell voters that they must put up with builders lorries and lots of new neighbours. The end result is political inertia, an increasing scarcity of first-time buyers in the market, and the curious situation that a higher proportion of British land is used for agriculture (78%) than in any other EU-15 country. Our research has looked at a number of issues related to housing, but perhaps the most important is whether house prices would actually respond to increased building. As an economist I take it for granted that increased supply means that prices will fall, but it seems that many people believe that the housing market is able to suspend the operation of normal market forces. Our research has shown that house prices (and also inter-regional migration) are surprisingly sensitive to the available stock of houses. For example, a rise in the ratio of the resident population to the dwelling-stock leads to both higher prices in a region, and out-migration to other regions. This effect has clearly been at work in London over the past decade. Politically, the key is, I think, to move away from the central planning inherent in the current housing system towards a more market-sensitive, but also more locally-accountable, system. 4 L A d y M a r g a r e t H a l l r e s e a r c h Graduate Studies Graduate studies at LMH are flourishing, in both research and taught courses, across a wide spectrum of disciplines. In 2005, over 25% of LMH candidates for post-graduate examinations on taught courses gained a Distinction. Both within the College and the University, Graduate Studies has received much greater emphasis over the past decade than was traditionally the case. At LMH in 1996, only 37 graduates were admitted and in the following year the number had grown to 64. The peak came in 2003 when 108 new graduates were admitted in response to greatly increased numbers coming to the University. Now the University anticipates that graduate numbers have reached a plateau, projecting only a marginal rise over the next few years. On its part, the College decided last year to drop back slightly to a target of 100 new postgraduates per year including senior status students. At the same time as stabilising the graduate community at in toto, it is important to improve the ratio between students on postgraduate taught courses (PGT) and those doing research degrees (PGR). There has already been some progress here with 75 PGT to 25 PGR in 2004/05, 66 PGT to 27 PGR in 2005/06, projected to be c.60 PGT to 40 PGR in 2006/07. Needless to say, this considerable expansion has put a strain on resources. Despite the obvious quality of both PGT and PGR students, the College is only able to offer a few awards recognising significant achievement. With accommodation for only 56 graduates in Fyfield Road, the College has alleviated pressure by taking leases on houses in Jericho as a temporary measure. We have worked hard to provide good overall support for graduates and this is reflected in the University s survey of The Research Experience of Postgraduate Research Students in which LMH compared well with the mean of all the other Colleges, and strongly in some areas. Law and Educational Studies provide the largest number of postgraduate students. Other strong subjects include Mediaeval English, Classical Studies, and Wildlife Conservation. LMH is planning major improvements in all areas of graduate provision, including financial support, accommodation, common rooms and academic facilities. A key part of this is the development of plans for a new Graduate Centre at the front of College on Gunfield strip beside Parks Passage. The Colleges have an important part to play in maintaining the University s international position amongst the top ten in the world. LMH has an opportunity in its building plans to create a physical and institutional structure for graduate studies that will develop traditional strengths and respond to future demands. Rev d Dr Allan Doig, Tutor for Graduates L A d y M a r g a r e t H a l l G r a d u a t e S t u d i e s 5 Student Profiles G R A D U A T E Annelies Cazemier Martin Luteran Ken Okamura Annelies Cazemier Doctoral Student in Ancient History My DPhil thesis in Ancient History tries to bridge a gap in scholarly research by investigating Roman interactions with Greek cults and sanctuaries during the last three centuries BC. It explores the role of these interactions in the spread of Roman hegemony as well as their impact on the Greek religious landscape. I have been working on Boiotia, a region known as the dancing-floor of the war-god Ares, and I am currently researching the Cycladic islands. Besides making full use of the excellent facilities at Oxford, I have studied relevant inscriptions and archaeological material in Greece. I am enthusiastically pursuing my research, and I hope to pass my enthusiasm on to others during my future career! Merle Fairhurst Doctoral Student in Anatomy After a nomadic childhood, the sense of belonging felt at LMH is tremendously comforting. My undergraduate experience, under the capable and caring supervision of Prof. Alison Bra
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