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Listening Hints

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  LISTENING HINTS 1. LEARN TO PREDICT There are many types of listening question tasks:ã matching tasks ã multiple choice tasks ã short-answer question tasksã true/false tasks ã sentence completion tasks ã chart / table completion tasksã gapfill tasks ã diagram labelling tasksIn the Listening Test you use four skills at once. It is not surprising that candidates often find thisthe most demanding of the four tests. ou need to be able to:ã read the instructions and questionsã listen for general informationã listen for specific informationã write the answers as you listen for the answers to the questions that follow.- It is important to think abot the words that !o e #e$t tohear. !rite them down and then check to see how many you guessed correctly. %. THE ANS&ERS ARE O'TEN STRESSED AND REPEATED If you listen carefully to the practice tape you will notice that important information which includes the answers is almost always stressed and quite often repeated two or e#en three times. This surprises many candidates when they know the answer and listen again to the tape.ã Look at $uestion % in Listening Test &ne:'estination: (%)Tapescript: George: !ell yes I li#e in *rance now but I was born in +wit,erland. Clerk: +wiss. ery good. *light number: *-%0. 'estination is ... George: ... Paris. Clerk: re you connecting with any other flight in Paris( or will you be staying there1 George:  2o I3m spending my #acation in Paris. !ell +e#res 4ust outside Paris.).  *NO& &HEN TO +O,E ON TO THE NE-T /ESTION !hen the passage is being played you should:ã be aware of the content of the ne t question ...ã ... as you listen for the answer to the $rrent question.If you do not think ahead to the ne5t question and you miss an answer you might be unable to keep up with the tape. ou could still be waiting for an answer that has already been gi#en.Listen for the question topic keywords/phrases any 0arker words#hrases (see below) and the changes in the s#eaker2s in3le$tion or #it$h( to help you recognise when the questions change.&nce you recognise that the question topic has changed it is time to mo#e on to the ne5t question e#en if you ha#e not completed the pre#ious question.&nly #ery few Listening Test questions are gi#en out of order. 6owe#er you must be fle5ible enoughto look ahead at the test paper in case the answers to questions do not come in the order shown in the test  booklet. This is most likely to occur in a gapfill listening task.7arker words/phrases are those 8nglish words/phrases that tell the listener that the topic is changing.Listen for marker words/phrases so that you know to mo#e on to the ne5t question. e.g. - And now (we will)... - Now tell me,... - Next, I'd like to...- Finally, can you tell u ... - !ig t, o t e #irt t ing ... - $o tart wit ...- %e#ore I mo&e on to ... - I'd like now to mo&e on to ... - ne more t ing ...- And w at aout... - *ell, t at' aout it, exce+t #or ... 9hanges in the speaker3s inflection also tell you that the question topic is changing. sually when;  an 8nglish speaker changes topic his or her #oice will lift considerably in pitch and in le#el of e5citement. Listen to the tape pro#ided with the book for the abo#e or similar marker words/phrases and try to hear the changes in pitch and e5citement in the #oice. 4. LOO* AT OTHER /ESTIONS 'OR THE ANS&ER  In some cases the answer to a question could be gi#en in written words later in the test booklet. - Clue to t e anwer, and e&en t e anwer t emel&e, can ometime e #ound  +rinted in t e tet ooklet  5. LISTEN 'OR THE SPEA*ER CHANGING HISHER +IND &ften the speaker changes his or her mind and makes a correction before gi#ing the answer that youneed. lternati#ely the speaker may correct someone else.ã Look at the part of the tapescript which answers $uestion < in Listening Test &ne: Clerk: =eorge ... er... L---I-L-L-I-8->-+. =ood. 2ow nationality: *rench. 2o wait a minute. It3s a +wiss passport.The clerk wants to find out =eorge3s nationality. 6e guesses that =eorge is *rench but thinks twice when he notices =eorge3s passport is +wiss. It would be a mistake to write down the first nationality mentioned in your hurry to get the right answer. -iten #or t e +oiility o# t e +eaker making correction to w at i aid  6. /SE SHORTHAND 'OR SPEED7 &RITING In the Listening Test you are often required to listen for the ne5t answer while writing down the answer to the pre#ious question. It is one of the measures of effecti#e listening - the e5aminers wantto find out if you can comprehend what is said while attempting another task at the same time. Thisfurther tests your listening ability in 8nglish.To write down the answers more quickly write only the 3irst two or three letters of the answer thatyou hear. This shorthand approach is effecti#e in a gapfill listening task because some of the answers may come in quick succession especially at the beginning of the gapfill passage. (+ee also Listening 6ints 0 and 0?.) ou can complete the words during the short period of time gi#en to you after the passage has finished. ou are #ery likely to remember what the letters mean because they are the first letters of words you ha#e recently heard in conte5t.ã Look at $uestions ; - 0; in Listening Test &ne: This method can enable you to return quickly to gi#ing your whole attention to listening for the ne5t answer. 6owe#er it does require some practice. 2ote that you would not try to use this method to remember numbers but with word answers you can almost always remember the words again. Then all you need to do is gi#e the $orre$t 8ra00ati$al 3or0 of the answers. 9. &OR* O/T THE &ORD ,ARIA:LES  %y +redicting t e &ariale word to liten #or, you increae your c anceo# earing t e anwer  0  LI+T82I2= =@*ILL+ - +T8@ A +T8@ ã :e3ore !o listen; ->ead the instructions carefully.-lways look at and listen for the e5ample. < As !o listen; -9hoose the keywords/phrases to listen for and be aware of the question changing.-Ae aware that some of the answers may come quickly one after the other.-Ae aware that one or two of the answers may not be gi#en in question order.-Ae aware that the word or phrase you need may already be on the page.-se shorthand to impro#e the speed at which you write down your answers.   In the ti0e 8i=en to !o at the end o3 the 8a#3ill; -7ake sure your words and numbers are easy to read.-=uess the answers to unanswered questions - do not lea#e blanks.-9heck that your answers are gi#en in grammatically correct 8nglish.i.e. for answers that should be in plural form.B
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