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m-fi02-1-intro

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   Asset-Liability Integration Introduction The purpose of this work is to analyze the asset-liability management (ALM) process in the  fi nancialintermediation industry, especially among insurers,from the perspective of what is known about capitalmarkets and practiced in  fi nancial engineering. Thisaspect of insurance  fi rm management is a crucial issuenow because of a rapidly evolving perspective onALM and the management of a  fi nancial intermediaryin general. Insurers are increasingly forced to bringALM into the mainstream of business management.ALM is not merely a tool of control or elimination of interest rate risk; it increasingly incorporates the assetdefault risk, product pricing risk, and other uncertain-ties of the business. Insurers are facing competitionfrom  fi nancial markets innovations, and their productsare often viewed by customers as capital assets. This,in turn, forces the enterprise to take an integrated viewof assets and liabilities, and to price them from thecapital markets perspective, which increasingly is be-coming the consumer perspective.Modern life has brought about increased compe-tition and lower information prices (through globaltelecommunications networks and other forms of in-formation technology). The pressure to compete andmodernize are so pronounced that it may be dif  fi cultto  fi nd time to stop and think about fundamentalphilosophical questions such as the meaning of ourbusiness or  fi nancial intermediation in general.Competition in a dynamically changing environmentrequires fast adaptation to changing trends. But howdo trends come about? They are created by new mar-ket leaders. How do we know who the future marketleaders are? We usually do not. Some of us follow theleaders, some of us follow the lemmings, and it ’ s notalways easy to distinguish between the two. On theEast Coast, it is quite possible that they wear the samedesigner suits — on the West Coast, the same designer jeans. They may even speak the same language.The modern business experience has resulted inmore and more companies giving signi fi cant consid-eration to their mission and vision. This monographstrives to de fi ne a mission for the modern insuranceindustry, its place in the  fi nancial intermediation net-work, and the role of ALM in that mission. The mainchallenge to the traditional vision of the industryamong its professionals comes from the ALM area.Sadly, this challenge may be routinely addressed bytemporary means even though it deserves a philo-sophical answer. Therein lies the mission of this work:to  fi nd the meaning of life . . . and property-casualtyinsurance, at least in the ALM context, and to expandthe existing paradigm of the business. The concept of integrated risk management suggested in this work isan idea directly related to that presented by Doherty(2000) for corporate risk. Panjer (1998) also presentsmajor ideas of   fi nancial economics that form the coreof integration of assets and liabilities.This paper reveals a positive bias towards philoso-phy, but it is hoped that some philosophical questionsaddressed here will eventually prove themselves to beworthy of practical consideration. ASSET-LIABILITY INTEGRATION   Asset-Liability Integration Acknowledgments This work was completed with support from a re-search grant awarded by the Actuarial Education andResearch Fund. I am grateful for the support, and forthe patience of the Project Oversight Committee. Ialso would like to thank all actuarial scholars and pro-fessionals who assisted me by discussing this work,including Shane Chalke, Mike Davlin, Dan Fox, JimGreaton, David Ludke, Bill Panning, Elias Shiu, andmany equally kind and patient others.The words of gratitude for kindness and patienceare also due to my family.  PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Copyright    2002, Society of ActuariesAll rights reserved by the Society of Actuaries. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is grantedto make brief excerpts for a published review. Permission is also granted to make limited numbers of copies of items in this monograph for personal, internal, classroom, or other instructional use, on condition that the foregoingcopyright notice is used so as to give reasonable notice of the Society of Actuaries’ copyright. This consent for freelimited copying without prior consent of the Society of Actuaries does not extend to making copies for generaldistribution, for advertising or promotional purposes, for inclusion in new collective works, for resale, or for anyother purpose.Expressions of opinion stated in this book are those of the author and are not the opinion or the position of theSociety of Actuaries, and the Society of Actuaries does not assume any responsibility for statements made oropinions expressed in this book. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in thispublication, even if the former are not especially identified, is not to be taken as a sign that such names, as understoodby the Trade Marks and Merchandise Act, may accordingly be used freely by anyone.ISBN 0-938959-71-9  Asset-LiabilityIntegration Dr. Krzysztof M. Ostaszewski, FSA, CFA, MAAA SOA Monograph M-FI02-1 June 2002Actuarial Education and Research Fund475 N. Martingale Road, Suite 800Schaumburg, Illinois 60173

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