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MADISON PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICT. English as a Second Language Grade PDF

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MADISON PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICT English as a Second Language Grade 6-12 Authored by: Deborah Neely Reviewed by: Matthew A. Mingle Director of Curriculum and Instruction Last Updated: Fall 2013 Members of
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MADISON PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICT English as a Second Language Grade 6-12 Authored by: Deborah Neely Reviewed by: Matthew A. Mingle Director of Curriculum and Instruction Last Updated: Fall 2013 Members of the Board of Education: Lisa Ellis, President Patrick Rowe, Vice-President David Arthur Kevin Blair Shade Grahling Linda Gilbert Thomas Haralampoudis James Novotny Superintendent: Dr. Michael Rossi Madison Public Schools 359 Woodland Road, Madison, NJ I. OVERVIEW English as a Second Language is a daily developmental language course designed for children of limited English proficiency to whom English is not a native language and for whom success in the regular English curriculum is questionable. Basic communication skills are emphasized (listening, speaking, reading and writing), along with an understanding of and appreciation for a new culture, land, society and language. Teaching is based on the premise that mastery of the English language is a necessary skill for academic success and for survival and prosperity in American society. The course is highly individualized in order to meet the needs of each student enrolled. Each student is tested upon entrance to the program and annually thereafter to determine his/her current level of proficiency and fluency in the English language. Students begin work on their own level and progress according to their own capabilities. Students shall be assessed annually for exit from the program in accordance with state regulations. TESOL Standards Goal 1, Standard 1 To use English to communicate in social settings: Students will use English to participate in social interactions. Goal 1, Standard 2 To use English to communicate in social settings: Students will interact in, through, and with spoken and written English for personal expression and enjoyment. Goal 1, Standard 3 To use English to communicate in social settings: Students will use learning strategies to extend their communicative competence. II.GOALS of the Madison English as a Second Language Program (Adapted from the WIDA 2012 Amplified Standards) 1. To provide the student with the linguistic, social and cultural skills needed to effectively communicate with native speakers of American English. 2. To alert the student to the commonalities of his native language and American English. 3. To immediately involve the student in classroom activities that will install a feeling of personal pride, self-confidence and success from the very beginning. 4. To help bridge the gap between ESL instruction and regular academic subjects and to cultivate work and study habits in our freer classroom atmosphere. This helps promote self-esteem, confidence and socialization skills. 5. To promote multicultural awareness and appreciation, while encouraging the student to maintain his/her own culture and ethnic pride. 6. To allow the student to progress at his/her own pace, according to the learner's age, linguistic aptitude, learning style, cognitive development and emotional needs until the student demonstrates a proficiency which indicates readiness to move on to the next level. III. STUDENT OUTCOMES These outcomes which have been adopted in part from New Jersey s English Language Proficiency Standards and the WIDA 2012 Amplified Standards, address the knowledge and skills needed by English Language Learners, ELLs, (also known as limited English proficient/lep students) in grades pre-k through 12 to succeed linguistically and in academic content areas. They reflect the social and academic language expectations of ELLs in grades PreK-12. These standards were adopted by New Jersey in order to meet the requirements of the federal No Child Left Behind Act (Title III), which states that LEP students must meet the same challenging standards that all students are expected to meet. These standards integrate both language and academic content in four language domains listening, speaking, reading, and writing. They are divided into five grade level clusters (pre-k-k, 1-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12) and five English language proficiency levels with both formative and summative frameworks. These standards, which are aligned to the ACCESS for ELLs proficiency test, (required by Title III), can be accessed at: The WIDA English Language Development (ELD) Standards represent the social, instructional, and academic language that students need to engage with peers, educators, and the curriculum in schools. 1) English language learners communicate in English for SOCIAL, INSTRUCTIONAL and ACADEMIC purposes within the school setting. 2) English language learners communicate information, ideas, concepts and academic language/language necessary for academic success in the content area of LANGUAGE ARTS. 3) English language learners communicate information, ideas, concepts and academic language/vocabulary necessary for academic success in the content area of MATHEMATICS. 4) English language learners communicate information, ideas, concepts and academic language/vocabulary necessary for academic success in the content area of SCIENCE. 5) English language learners communicate information, ideas, concepts and academic language necessary for academic success in the content area of SOCIAL STUDIES. IV. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES ( SCOPE AND SEQUENCE ) FOR EACH LESSON IN LONGMAN KEYSTONE BUILDING BRIDGES AND BOOKS A-C BOOK: Building Bridges Introduction: Getting Started 1. Cardinal and ordinal numbers 2. Days and months 3. Colors and shapes 4. Classroom objects 5. Language Arts vocabulary 6. Social Studies vocabulary 7. Science vocabulary 8. Mathematics vocabulary 9. Health and fitness vocabulary 1. Review consonants 2. Look for spelling patterns 1. Main Idea and Details 2. Identify character, plot, setting E. Grammar 1. Singular and plural nouns 2. Present tense of regular verbs 3. The verb to have 4. Imperatives 5. Using be and go 6. Subject-verb agreement 7. Adverbs 8. Pronouns F. Writing 1. Introduce the writing process Unit 1: Journeys 1. Nomads Informational text 2. Jewel in the Sand Folktale 1. Antonyms 2. Synonyms 1. Review consonants 2. Short a, e 3. Spelling short a, e 4. Look for spelling patterns 1. Preview 2. Draw conclusions E. Grammar 1. Articles 2. Present tense of regular verbs 3. Singular and plural nouns F. Writing 1. Writing a journal entry Unit 2 : Hidden Forces 1. The Trojan Horse Legend 2. Earthquakes Informational text 1. Compound words 2. Phrasal verbs 1. Short i, o, u 2. Review consonants c and g 3. Spelling short I, o, u 4. Spelling Patterns 1. Look for problems and solutions 2. Look for causes and effects E. Grammar 1. Simple past tense: regular and irregular verbs 2. Adjectives F. Writing 1. Writing a personal narrative Unit 3: Play Ball! 1. The Bouncing Ball Informational text 2. Roberto Clemente Biography 1. Suffix er 2. Suffix ly 1. Long vowels with signal e 2. Y as /y/ and as vowels /e/, /i/ 3. Spelling initial and final y 4. Suffix er 5. Look for spelling patterns 1. Ask questions 2. Understand chronological order E. Grammar 1. Information questions 2. Questions in the present 3. Proper nouns F. Writing 1. Writing a biographical narrative Unit 4: Family Ties 1. The Clever Daughter-in-Law Folktale 2. Family Traits Informational text 1. Words that tell when 2. Homophones 1. Initial, medial and final digraphs /ch/, /sh/, /th/,x /ks/, qu /kw/, wh /hw/ 2. Spelling patterns x, qu, wh 1. Predict 2. reread E. Grammar 1. Single possessives with apostrophes 2. Plural possessives 3. Adverbs F. Writing 1. Writing a personal letter Unit 5: The Power of Words 1. Early Writing Informational text 2. The Great Minu Folktale 1. Collocations 2. Prefixes un, -re 1. Long vowels ai, ay, eigh, ee,aa 2. Long vowels ow, oa, oe, ue, ui, ew 3. Spelling patterns ai, ay, eigh, ee, ea 4. Spelling patterns ow, oa, oe, ue, ui, ew 1. Take notes 2. Understand irony E. Grammar 1. Possessive pronouns 2. Combining simple sentences using and 3. Pronouns F. Writing 1. Writing a report Unit 6: Exploring the Senses 1. The Blind Man and the Elephant Fable 2. Animal Senses Informational text 1. Ordinal numbers 2. Homographs 1. Final ed 2. Final s 3. R-controlled vowels 4. Adding ing, -ed,-s and es to base words 5. Spelling patterns with ir, ire, er, ere, ar,are, ur, ure, or sand ore 1. Make inferences 2. Find main ideas E. Grammar 1. Prepositional phrases 2. Combining simple sentences using but 3. Adjectives F. Writing 1. Writing a descriptive paragraph Unit 7: The World of Plants 1. Amazing Plants Informational text 2. Apollo and Daphne Myth 1. Regular comparatives with er and est 2. Irregular comparatives 1. Final and medial tion 2. Diphthongs ow,ou,oi,oy,aw,au 3. Spelling diphthongs 4. Spelling patterns with final and medial tion 1. Use diagrams 2. Visualize E. Grammar 1. Imperatives 2. Writing dates 3. Dialogue 4. Subject-verb agreement in the simple present tense F. Writing 1. Writing a comparison Unit 8: Wings 1. Bessie Coleman, American Flyer Informational text 2. The Big Sky Poetry 3. Aaron s Gift Short story 4. Cher Ami-World War I Hero Informational text 1. Nouns and verbs 2. Same words in six languages 1. 1,2,3 and 4-syllable words 2. Initial, medial and final schwa 3. Oo in look and oo in food 4. Spelling words with schwa 5. Spelling patterns with double letter words ll,tt,nn,mm,oo 1. Summarize 2. Understand an author s purpose E. Writing 1. Writing instructions 2. Writing a review 3. Writing a short story Book A Unit 1: Essential Question- Can all mysteries be solved? 1. Chasing Vermeer Novel excerpt 2. G is for Googol Informational text 3. Fact or Fiction? Informational text 4. Teenage Detectives Two mystery short stories 1. Key words a. architecture b. gradual c. infinity d. numerals e. spirals f. steep g. archaeologist h. clues i. creature j. disappeared k. fantasy l. sacred 2. Academic words a. identify b. individual c. occur d. physical e. theory f. constant g. illustrate h. sequence i. unique j. accurate k. create l. evidence m. survive n. aware o. intelligent p. motive q. pursue 3. Literary words a. Character b. Character traits c. Idioms d. Puns 1. Prefixes un, -dis 2. Spelling words with ai, ay,ee and oa 3. Same sound, different spellings 4. Compound nouns 1. Predict 2. Use visuals 3. Preview 4. Draw conclusions E. Listening and Speaking 1. Retell 2. Reader s Theater 3. Description guessing game F. Grammar 1. Distinguishing parts of speech 2. Making comparisons 3. Passive voice 4. Subject-verb agreement with indefinite pronouns G. Writing 1. Describe a character 2. Describe an object 3. Describe a place 4. Describe an event 5. Include physical and character traits 6. Use sensory details 7. Use spatial order 8. Use chronological order 9. Write a descriptive essay Unit 2: Essential Question- How does growing up change us? 1. Ancient Kids Informational text 2. Becoming Naomi Leon Realistic fiction 3. Later, Gator Realistic fiction 4. Amazing Growth Facts Informational text 5. The Old Grandfather and His Little Grandson Folk tale 1. Key words a. ancient b. ceremony c. citizen d. education e. rights f. rituals g. average h. conversion i. height j. length k. rate l. weight 2. Academic words a. classical b. cultural c. feature d. philosophy e. assist f. bond g. conflict h. process i. affect j. author k. effect l. perspective m. benefit n. category o. enormous p. percent 3. Literary words m. dialogue n. setting o. plot p. point of view q. narrator 1. Spelling words with long vowel sound 2. Suffixes ness. tion and ation 3. Animal verbs and idioms 1. Compare and contrast 2. Visualize 3. Recognize sequence 4. Use visuals E. Listening and Speaking 1. Retell 2. Reader s Theater 3. Prepare a skit F. Grammar 1. Transitions and coordinating conjunctions 2. Non-action verbs 3. Making comparisons 4. Simple past: regular and irregular verbs G. Writing 1. Write a friendly letter 2. Write about a character and setting 3. Write a story from another point of view 4. Write a personal narrative 5. Write a fictional narrative Unit 3: Essential Question- How does helping others help us all? 1. Run Away Home Historical fiction 2. Extraordinary People: Serving Others Informational text 3. Zlata s Diary Diary 4. Friendship and Cooperation in the Animal Kingdom Informational text 1. Key words a. assassinated b. extraordinary c. founders d. resistance e. superintendent f. tolerance g. arrangement h. cooperate i. damage j. gigantic k. intruder l. tsunami 2. Academic words a. appropriate b. communicate c. period d. precise e. achieve f. alter g. impact h. role i. consist j. establish k. method l. stress m. attitude n. comment o. concept p. rely on 3. Literary words a. Dialect b. Mood c. Suspense d. Figure of speech e. Hyperbole 1. Uses of the apostrophe 2. Spelling words with silent gh 3. Synonyms and antonyms 4. Greek and Latin roots 1. Make inferences 2. Identify problems and solutions 3. Distinguish fact from opinion 4. Identify main idea and details E. Listening and Speaking 1. Retell 2. Reader s Theater 3. T.V. talk show F. Grammar 1. Simple and compound sentences 2. Prepositions of time 3. Placement of adjectives 4. Prepositions of location G. Writing 1. Write a book review 2. Use a question-and-answer format 3. Write a diary entry 4. Write a critical evaluation 5. Write persuasive speech telling both sides of the story Unit 4: Essential Question- What do we learn through winning and losing? 1. Soccer: The World Sport Informational text 2. Casey at the Bat Poetry 3. Swift Things are Beautiful Poetry 4. Buffalo Dusk Poetry 5. The Hare and the Tortoise Fable 6. Orpheus and Euridice Myth 7. Going, Going, Gone? Informational text 8. Ivory-billed Woodpeckers Make Noise Informational text 1. Key words a. athletes b. boundaries c. professional d. responsibilities e. sacrifice f. uniforms g. conservationists h. destruction i. extinct j. habitats k. ornithology l. predator 2. Academic words a. element b. focus c. positive d. require e. brief f. device g. final h. respond i. sphere structure j. define k. instruct l. objective m. style n. environment o. estimate factors p. statistics 3. Literary words a. Rhythm b. Repetition c. Rhyme scheme d. Fable e. Moral f. Personification g. Myth 1. Multiple meaning words 2. Spelling words with a long vowel sound 3. Spellings for r-controlled vowels 4. Homophones 1. Ask questions 2. Read for enjoyment 3. Identify author s purpose 4. Recognize cause and effect E. Listening and Speaking 1. retell 2. Reader s Theater 3. T.V. sports report F. Grammar 1. Present perfect 2. Irregular verbs in the past tense 3. Adverbs with ly 4. Showing cause and effect: because, because of and so G. Writing 1. Write a newspaper article 2. Write a response to literature 3. Write to compare and contrast 4. Write a cause-and-effect explanation 5. Write an expository essay Unit 5: Essential Question- How are courage and imagination linked? 1. The Secret Garden Play 2. :Kids Guernica Informational text 3. Hoot Novel excerpt 4. A Tree Grows in Kenya: The Story of Wangari Maathai Informational text 5. How to Plant a Tree Informational text 1. Key words a. anniversary b. atomic bomb c. canvases d. chaos e. inspiration f. mural g. campaign h. committee i. continent j. democratic k. natural l. nutrition 2. Academic words a. approach b. convey c. cooperate d. drama e. circumstances f. construct g. react h. region i. demonstrate j. deny k. image l. site m. aspect n. finance o. resource p. sustain q. technology r. welfare 3. Literary words 1. Setting the scene 2. List of characters 3. Stage directions 4. Humor 5. Colorful language 1. Spelling words with oo 2. Spelling words with ea 3. Prefixes mega-, tele-, re- 4. Suffixes ic, -ist, -able 1. Analyze text structure 2. Classify 3. Summarize 4. Follow steps in a process E. Listening and Speaking 1. Retell 2. Reader s Theater 3. Presenting a how-to demonstration F. Grammar 1. More adverbs with ly 2. More uses of the present perfect 3. Quoted versus reported speech 4. Imperatives G. Writing 1. Write a formal 2. Write a paragraph that classifies something 3. Write a plot summary 4. Write how-to instructions 5. Write an expository essay Unit 6: Essential Question- What is your vision of life in the future? 1. Life in the Future Informational text 2. Southbound on the Freeway Poetry 3. Cardinal Ideograms Poetry 4. Interview with an Astronaut Interview 5. Time Warp Trio: 2095 Science fiction 6. Genetic Fingerprints Informational text 1. Key words a. artificial b. canyons c. frontier d. mass-produced e. robots f. volcanoes g. cells h. defendant i. forensic j. genes k. inherit l. whorls 2. Academic words a. function b. occupation c. research d. trend e. complex f. interpretation g. published h. section i. shift j. specific k. strategies l. techniques m. generation n. legislation o. medical p. policy q. procedure 3. Literary words m. Simile n. Metaphor o. Stanzas p. Science fiction q. Setting 1. Spelling the diphthongs /oi/ and /ou/ 2. Greek and Latin roots 3. Schwa spelled a,e,i,o,u 4. Multiple-meaning words 1. Take notes 2. Analyze text structure 3. Skim 4. Make generalizations E. Listening and Speaking 1. Retell 2. Reader s Theater 3. Making a speech F. Grammar 1. Different ways of expressing predictions 2. Different ways of asking questions 3. Using punctuation 4. Using question marks G. Writing 1. Write an introductory paragraph 2. Support a main idea with examples 3. Include quotations and citations 4. Include paraphrases 5. Write a research report BOOK B Unit 1: Essential Question- How does the natural world affect us? 1. Project Mulberry Novel excerpt 2. Ecosystems: The Systems of Nature Informational text 3. Ali, Child of the Desert Short story 4. Desert Women Poem 5. Water and Living Things Informational text 1. Key words a. nonliving b. nutrients c. organism d. photosynthesis e. reproduce f. species g. atmosphere h. condensation i. evaporation j. precipitation k. vapor l. water cycle 2. Academic words a. cycle b. dramatic c. percent d. project e. consume f. environment g. interact h. similar i. survive j. adapt k. capable l. conclude m. rely n. route o. available p. consist 3. Literary words a. Imagery b. Sensory details c. Figurative language d. Personification e. Setting 1. Prefixes in-, re-, over-, un- 2. Spelling regular plurals 3. Compound nouns 4. Spelling long a 1. Predict 2. Preview 3. Visualize 4. Identify main idea and details E. Listening and Speaking 1. Retell 2. Reader s Theater 3. Make an oral presentation F. Grammar 1. Order of adjectives G. Writing 1. Describe an object 2. Describe a place 3. Describe a person 4. Describe an event or experience 5. Write a descriptive essay Unit 2: Essential Question- Where can a journey take you? 1. Tales of the Odyssey Myth 2. Early Explorers Informational text 3. Migrating Caribou Informational text 4. Magnets in Animals Informational text 5. The Journal of Wong Ming-Chung Literature 1. Key words a. civilizations b. expeditions c. exploration d. markets e. navigator f. trade g. biologists h. herd i. journey j. landscape k. magnetic l. starvation 2. Academic words a. abandon b. collapse c. finally d. investigate e. react f. strategy g. conducted h. established i. financed j. region k. varied l. approaches m. migrate n. sufficient o. transport p. adjust q. emphasize r. expand s. immigration t. temporary 3. Literary words m. Plot n. Character o. Point of view p. Simile q. Metaphor 1. Roots 2. Suffixes er, -or 3. Words as multiple parts of speech 4. Words ending in y 1. Identify problem and solution 2. Use visuals 3. Identify cause and effect 4. Make inferences E. Listening and Speaking 1. Retell 2. Reader s Theater 3. Personal narrative F. Grammar 1. Regular and irregular past tense 2. Passive voice: Omitting the by-phrase 3. Prenominal and postnominal adjectives 4. Adverb clauses of time G. Writing 1. Write a story from a different point of view 2. Write a personal narrative 3. Write a story with a story starter 4. Write a personal letter 5. Write a fictional narrative Unit 3: Essential Question- What defi
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