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MAJOR LAWS WHICH STIPULATE THE CURRENT PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

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MAJOR LAWS WHICH STIPULATE THE CURRENT PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
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    1   Pineda, Keith William P. MS  –  Mathematics Education Foundations of Education Legal Bases of the Philippine Education System   Legal   Deriving from or founded on law.   Created by the constructions of the law. Legal Bases of the Philippine Education System   The laws which are the bases of the PES. MAJOR LAWS WHICH STIPULATE THE CURRENT PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM 1987 CONSTITUTION ARTICLE XIV: Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports   Quality education accessible to all. (Section 1)   Complete, adequate, and integrated relevant education. (2.1.)   Free public education in the elementary and high school level. (2.2.)   Scholarship grants, loans, subsidies and other incentives to deserving students in both private and public schools. (2.3.)   Non-formal, formal, and indigenous learning systems. (2.4)   Vocational training to adults, disabled and out of school youth. (2.5)   Study of the constitution. (3.1)   Study of values. (3.2.) e.g. patriotism, nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the country, teach the rights and duties of citizenship, strengthen ethical and spiritual values, etc.   Optional religious instruction in public schools. (3.3.)   Supervision and regulation of all schools. (3.4.)    2   Pineda, Keith William P. MS  –  Mathematics Education Foundations of Education Legal Bases of the Philippine Education System     Control and administration of schools by Filipinos. (3.5)   Exemption from taxes and duties. (3.6.)   Academic freedom in institutions in higher learning. (5.2,3,4.)   Assigning highest budget priority to education. (5.5.)   National language is Filipino. (6.1.) PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 6  –  A EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT DECREE OF 1972   Goals of the Educational system. (2, a  –  c) 1. To achieve and maintain an accelerating rate of economic development and social progress. 2. To assure of maximum participation of all the people in the attainment and enjoyment of the benefits of such growth. 3. To strengthen national consciousness and promote desirable cultural values in a changing world.   Objectives of the Educational system. (3, a  –  d)   Ten  –  year program to attain the objectives. (4, a  –  f)   Educational projects to attain objectives. (5, a  –  g) a. Management studies by the DEC. b. Improvement of secondary schools which include services, facilities, equipments and curriculum. c. Upgrading and improvement of technical institutions, skill  –  training centers and other non-training programs for the out of school youth and the unemployed. d. Curriculum and staff development including mathematics and science teaching. e. Expansion of agricultural secondary and higher education programs. f. Textbooks and instructional materials. g. Assistance and incentives.    3   Pineda, Keith William P. MS  –  Mathematics Education Foundations of Education Legal Bases of the Philippine Education System     Working arrangements.   Financing the whole educational system. BATAS PAMBANSA BLG 232  –   “EDUCATION ACT OF 1982”  Goals 1. Achieve and maintain an accelerating rate of economic development and social progress;   2. Assure the maximum participation of all people in the attainment and employment of such growth, and   3. Achieve and strengthen national unity and consciousness and preserve, develop and promote desirable culture, moral, and spiritual values in a changing world.  Aims 1. Provide for a broad general education that will assist each individual in the peculiar ecology of his own society, to: 1.1. attain his potentials as human beings; 1.2. enhance the range and quality of individual and group participation in the basic functions of society, and 1.3. acquire essential educational foundations of his development into a productive and versatile citizen. 2. Train the nation’s manpower in the middle –  level skills required for national development. 3. Develop the profession that will provide leadership for the nation in the advancement of knowledge for improving the quality of human life, and 4. Respond effectively to changing needs and conditions of the nations through a system educational planning and evaluation. Rights and Duties of Parents in the Education of Children 1. Rights  1.1. Right to organize themselves and/or with teachers for the discussion betterment of the school. 1.2. Right to access to any official record concerning the children who are under their parental responsibility. 2. Duties    4   Pineda, Keith William P. MS  –  Mathematics Education Foundations of Education Legal Bases of the Philippine Education System   2.1. Duty to help carry out the educational objectives in accordance with national goals. 2.2. Duty to enable their children to obtain elementary education and shall strive to enable them to obtain secondary or higher education in the pursuance of the right formation of the youth. 2.3. Duty to cooperate with the school in the implementation of the school program. Rights and Duties of Students 1. Rights 1.1. Right to receive, primarily through competent instruction, relevant quality education in line with national development goals and conducive to their full development as persons with human dignity. 1.2. Right to freely choose their field of study subject to existing course therein up to graduation, except in cases of academic deficiency or disciplinary regulations. 1.3. Right to school guidance and counselling services. 1.4. Right of access to his own school records, the confidentiality of which the school shall maintain and preserve. 1.5. Right to the issuance of official certificates, diplomas, transcript of records, grades, transfer credentials, and other similar documents within thirty days of request. 1.6. Right to publish a school newspaper. 1.7. Right to free expression of opinions and suggestions and to effective channels of communication. 1.8. Right to form, establish, and join organizations. 1.9. Right to be free from involuntary contributions, except those approve by their own organizations or societies.    5   Pineda, Keith William P. MS  –  Mathematics Education Foundations of Education Legal Bases of the Philippine Education System   2. Duties 2.1. Duty to exert his utmost to develop his potentialities. 2.2. Duty to uphold the academic integrity of the school. 2.3. Duty to promote the peace and tranquillity of the school. 2.4. Duty to participate actively in civic affairs, and in the promotion of the general welfare. 2.5. Duty to exert his rights responsibly. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 117, s. 1987 (REORGANIZATION OF DECS) The Department shall be responsible for the formulation, planning, implementation, and coordination of policies, plans, programs and projects in the areas of formal and non  –  formal education at all levels: elementary, secondary, higher, technical  –  vocational, non  –  formal, sports and culture. RA 7722: HIGHER EDUCATION ACT OF 1994  An act creating the Commission on Higher Education. RA 7796: AN ACT CREATING THE TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY OF 1994  An act creating the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority. RA 9155: AN ACT INSTITUTINGA FRAMEWORK OF GOVERNANCE FOR BASIC EDUCATION, ESTABLISHING AUTHORITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY, RENAMING THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SPORTS AS THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES   Authored by former senator Tessie Aquino  –  Oreta.   DECS (Department of Education, Culture and Sports) was renamed DEPEd (Department of Education).
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