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Medical Terminology

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un poco de terminologia medica
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  MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY 0:00 everyone welcome to the pain approach and today I want to talk about how to 0:03 approach medical terminology 0:04 what I like to call breaking up which isn't 0:08 hard to do sold the key of course 0:11 is to take big complicated problems and to break them down into smaller more 0:15 manageable pieces this is true for languages well as the rest of his life 0:19 on the problem of course as i've mentioned in other videos 0:22 is that in science and medicine we use a lot of terms that comes from Greek and 0:27 Latin roots 0:28 so I highly recommend that as you master all these pieces you keep the list 0:32 or better yet get yourself a dictionary of Greek and Latin roots 0:36 and them you know you just build your skill set from the bottom up and it gets 0:41 easier as you go i promise. 0:42 I'm first thing to understand is that he got a break words down 0:46 into their component parts and most medical and science terms will have 0:51 on beginning which we call a prefix and middle 0:54 which is the root of the word and then ending which is this affects and so 0:58 usually the prefix 0:59 from and/or the suffixes is a modifier  1:03 I'm the main route as the word so you will probably notice if you haven't 1:07 already that 1:08 a medical terms are really long and 1:12 it's very daunting for a lot of people but the truth is most of them are very 1:15 descriptive name mean something said he could bring down 1:18 it's not going to be too bad I mean when you first look at these terms 1:22 and you can just say you know forget it this is ridiculously long 1:26 or you can just say look you know break them down and become more manageable 1:31 so I wanna do in this video is give you some of the most common 1:35 the puzzle pieces that you will encounter in medical terminology 1:38 and hopefully give me a good place to start so 1:42 something you see every time we talk about bone and the skeletal system 1:46 is osteo and we're talking about sell the parts were talking about conditions 1:52 things like this slideshow Z and osteo-arthritis 1:55 don't let this happen to you by the way take care of your joints on 1:59 you're going to see this osteo somewhere in there 2:02 osteo site in fact is your name and a bone cell 2:05 when you see my horse arco that refers to 2:09 muscle and all different types in cell structures 2:14 within muscle you're gonna see with money or circle for example 2:18 you'll see the sarcomere you'll see the sarcoplasmic reticulum on 2:22 you will see my 05 burgers or my 05 brill's 2:27 I love those things really to muscle and muscle has a lotta really specialized 2:33 structures and almost I love them you're gonna see with my own or circle usually 2:37 in a prefix 2:38 this you probably know already neuro refers to 2:42 nerves on and you're on is a nerve cell which is what you're looking at here but 2:47 there's a lot of other terms of course that use that route 2:50 so you know you're always going to be talking about nerves there 2:53 when you see germ that refers to the skin 2:57you probably know a lot of these terms already me epidermis 3:00which is this section way up here at the top at the just means on top 3:05on their five layers in the epidermis and 3:09and then beneath the epidermis is the germans the journal layer which is what 3:12you seem down here so 3:13Germany probably have heard terms like dermatitis for example just 3:18information on the skin dermatologist and things like that all relating to 3:24skin one bezels you can often see the term 3:28ngon you hopefully her dove angioplasty 3:31which is basically the insertion and little catheter in a balloon 3:35which is inflated in order to create space inside 3:39an occluded nestle on 3:42v veins we have the No or level like a phlebotomist 3:47for Obama's to someone who drives blood 3:50term for their profession me see that a lot   3:53most people know cardio and the hard 3:57and we really don't know why when you suffer emotional distress 4:01your heart aches its kind in history 4:05and not in medicine I can tell you at that time and others not help 4:09fees relating to the nose you often see 4:13Rhino like real classy which is a nose job 4:16and and of course that's the route for the rhinoceros so named because those 4:21not so much its big nose but bighorns 4:24this term from Tiffany 4:27refers to things like beach in panic membrane which is the eardrum 4:31the Tiffany that's fecal John in an orchestra and of course 4:36and drum vibrates and creates a particular pitch 4:40and similarly wind some waves 4:44strike that synthetic membrane and cause it to vibrate that will cause 4:48be year ossicles to vibrate and set up the whole chain evidence which leads to 4:53your ability to do here 4:56I missed you probably don't know that Nash Neph 4:59it relates to the kidney and the functional unit in the kidney is the net 5:03franz's 5:04and the actual net from here and 5:07that is held the kidney is able to filter blood 5:12and produce infiltrate which will eventually be urine 5:16so yes or on some of these you may know on they're all pretty common in this 5:20call a the school itself actually is referred to as the cranium you've probably heard  5:25 that and the I we'll see things like ophthalmologist you'll see  5:30 and ocular the ear  is auto go to: am other lists those are the tiny little  5:39 bones in the year direction this milestone turnabout yes I was 5:42 I was mentioning earlier blood clots I'm you probably heard about thrombosis 5:48 and that's fairly commonly used 5:51and liver you see have had 0 a lot 5:54 liver cells are called patasse and you may have heard of hepatitis 6:00 which is a disease and deliver on breast actually 6:04 you're gonna see things like and mammary glands 6:08 I'm sure you've heard of mammography large intestine we use 6:12 a coehlo as Ian the colon for the large intestine itself at your feet and other  6:17 things like 6:18 a colonoscopy and gastro for the stomach 6:21 ily over the small intestine her ass 0 for the chest 6:26 and me I'm sure her to things like that for attic wall 6:31 and thorax all in same room 6:34 and in line numeral or perot 6:37 sure you've heard of pneumonia um clear rodeo 6:41 see things like pleurisy and 6:44 relating to the information and lung 6:47 membranes letterman's 6:51 prefixes especially relate to signs and size matters 6:55 course macro and which means large micro which means small you probably know 7:00 those make aloe or make gasoline into large 7:02 or enlarged out rates 7:06 this is a really important to take note because a lot of these prefixes look 7:10 very much the same 7:12 but they mean dramatically different things so for example if you're patient 7:15 is hyperthyroid ik 7:17 it means that they're so I write is overactive if their height 7:20 both ironic it means that I write is 7:23 not as active as it should be so the the main part of the word looks the same but 7:28 if you change that prefix it means a completely different thing 7:31 and tacky and Brady referring to rates as well 7:35 often in reference to the heart so tachycardia for example is a resting 7:39 heart rate that is too fast 7:41 and bradycardia resting heart rate that is 7:44 slow collars me a have a lot of prefixes relating to color  7:50 and chlorophyll for example like in plants is green 7:54 and Luke is white you see that in leukocytes 7:57 red ritratto a richer sites red blood cells 8:01 hand Scion which is the color blue   8:05 like a rich rose sigh and then cyanobacteria you may have seen in 8:09 general biology those are the blue-green 8:11 mg oh my goodness spend some time with these directional terms directional 8:16 prefixes because day will mess you up 8:20 on sometimes I sware these little guys 8:24 am are what drive people crazy look at this for example so 8:28 endo or in trouble mean within 8:31 but look at this difference im tryna verses 8:34 incher which means between so for example 8:38 I would say intra cellular and that means 8:42 with me in a single cell rate 8:45 but what if I say intercellular so that means 8:49 between cells sounds like a very small difference but it means a dramatically 8:54 different 8:54 and idea so most people would think about 8:59 download perhaps intercourse yeah that's a good one 9:02 which is between people there there is no such thing isn't reporters 9:06 memes far as I know extra refers to 9:10 outside and you certainly know things like 9:13 extraterrestrial parry parry means 9:17 around us when we talk about something 9:20 and that is around a structure 9:24 um parity me in for example 9:27 and that is fairly commonly used to mean around something you could even be it 9:32 could be a sell it could be 9:33 a whole she didn't issue it could be around in organ 9:36 the pericardium for example is a membrane surrounding the entire heart 9:41 an entrance that means across so this could be something like 9:46 and a protein that actually goes across 9:49 cell membrane and a transmembrane protein 9:52 or you could be using it to discuss a actual process 9:57 on you're gonna see that as well but these are 10:00 little guys that really make a big difference 10:04 and testing procedures he's get used a lot 10:07 and that's really helpful to know these because I am 10:11 you see them over and over again echo is in echocardiogram 10:15 using ultrasonic waves electoral I'm sure you know 10:19 com it to me is the removal a gram is a picture 10:24 you can talk about a graph the process of making an image 10:27 making tracked and using an instrument for 10:31 viewing or creating and opening these are very common 10:35 and finally and some problems Agnes 10:38 meaning not working properly and now 10:41 as a prefix meaning bad and the term nationality 10:46 comes from this malaria was a disease that was thought to be spread through 10:51 the 10:51 air so literally malaria means bad air 10:55 renown of course it's not cuz by the year and EDS referring to some sort of 10:59 blood condition 11:01 and ice anything with it. this is an information  11:05 and 06 that's just very very broadly used term for condition or disease 11:10 and as is the suffix Kathy for example neuropathy 11:15 and is a very broad term for Disease and 11:18 me nervous system so when you put it all together 11:22 and we can take some big complicated words and break them down 11:25 so here is a three parter for EM hypercholesterolemia 11:30 so when you break it down you can see that paper 11:33 which means elevated this refers to you of course cholesterol 11:38 and EMEA and this is referring to 11:41 a condition in the blood elevated blood cholesterol 11:46 dermatitis and gave that one away earlier 11:49 germ referring to the skin and tightest 11:52 is be information so that Justin information and skin 11:57 a colossus to me referring to the colon and then 12:00 an actual opening in the colon 12:03 so some things for you guys to try on your own 12:07 and there's plenty of fun things to look at and I 12:10 think that you'll find that if you just can't get over the initial panic I've 12:14 wow these words are long and foreign 12:17 night you just gotta keep going keeping keep reading keep exposing yourself to 12:21 them 12:22 and trust me and eight games easier 12:25 as always I want to thank you for visiting the payment per channel please 12:28 comment 12:29 read and subscribed join us on the Facebook page 12:33 and follow on Twitter good luck UNDERSTANDING MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY 0:07 what is
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