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Molecular Revolution Psychiatry and Politics; Felix Guattari

psychoanalytic reform, theorizations, post-68 ethical politics
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  essays as een tans-ttari's most nfluentialtransversalitE nd La psychoanalysis,partisans. ereproposing obring heircrucialthe DI,]E DATETODFOPSTTEi (,,{ -- yearsMolecalarthose David Coopel =€t- Frr C':) l-r- t- D -=,Fl'l ct = tt0andnewhe All orbis ascade lliance atrons:3 week oan, enewalOverdue ines ccoi'ding o Library oticy.Replacemenr harge: 75 g1 processing eernour: WASHINGTON TATE UNIVERSITY-Pr.,llman PTACEC ON HOLD SHELF HOLRC455G81984 .K. f3.95AUST. 10.95 (recommended)N.Z. s13.50cAIrt. $9.95u.s.A. $6.95 . ,.lI 1: i;lj-.1; ,;; 'l' ;l i  Contents Introduction by David CooperSepulchre or an Oedipus Complexr. Institutional PsychotherapyTransversalityThe Group and the PersonAnti-Psychiatry nd Anti-PsychoanalysisN{ary Barnes, r Oedipus n Anti-PsychiatryMoney n the Analytic ExchangePsychoanalysis nd the Struggles fDesireThe Role of the Signifier n the nstitutionTowards a VIicro-Politics of Desirez. Towards a New VocabularyMachine and StructureThe Plane oi'ConsistencyIntensive Redundancies nd Expressive edundanciesSubjectless ctionMachinic PropositionsConcrete MachinesMeaning and Power3. Politics and DesireCausality, Subjectivity nd HistorvStudents, he I\l[ad and Delinquents'The Micro-Politics of FascismBecoming a Woman II 24 +5 6o6zBz III r20r30r35t+4I54r63t752082t7233  Millions and Millions of Potential AlicesSocial Democrats nd Euro-Communists is-i-vis he StateMolecr-rlar Revolution and Class StrugglePlan or the Planet . 6 -J 242253zGz (with Eric Alliez) 273z8829r Capitalistic Systems, tntctures nd ProcessesGlossaryIndex lntroduction At present, dlix Guattari s undoubtedly est nown n the English-speakingworld from his hrst work with Gilles Deleuze tglz), rranslared s Capitalismand Schipphrenia The Anti-Oedipus.With this collection of translated essays, erived from two books, Ps7-chanalyse t ransuersalitd Maspero, r97e) and La RiraLutionmoliculaire EditionsRecherches, dries Encre' , tg77), eaders will now have an opportunity tobecome cquainted with Guattari's earliest on-conjoint writings. The essaysfrom the first book range over the ,vears g55 o rg7o. La Rir)llution mohiculaire,although ublished n r977, was'condensed nd augmented'in version frg8o (Editions rolr8). In t979 Guattari published a more systematic,theoretical work, L'lnconscient achinique Editions Recherches). With De-leuze he has aiso written two shorter books: KaJka: plur une ittirature mineure(r975) and Rhi<omes rgZ6), both with Editions r,{inuit, works of rransitionbut both influential, before he second volume of Capitalism nd Schi4phrenia,Mille Plateaux. ot vet translated.The essays ransiared n this volume nclude principally articles hat wouldbe considered olitical (in a wide sense f this term) rarher han philoso-phical, but in the tradition of Guattari and Deleuze there can be nocomparlmentalization of disciplines: philosophy, politics, structuralistlinguistics, psychoanalysis (or rarher its undoing), micro-sociology alllrontiers are violated but violated on principle.This practice simply pushes n a more radical direction what is in fact anestablished radition in French intellectual ife in this century: that oneshould straddle n a suiFciently magisterial' manner at east wo disciplines.Thus Georges anguilhem combines hiiosophical ork with the analysis fthe categories fmedical hought and the history ofbiological oncepts;JeanToussaint Desanti, who started off in philosophy, became a prolessionalmathematician n order o pursue his sort of philosophy more eflectively. hepolymathy of Foucault and Reni Thom is already familiar to English-language eaders. Apart from 'schizo-analysis', Deleuze has written 'as aphilosopher' a book on Kant, two on Spinoza and two on Nietzsche, amongstothers. One might add that when his straddling ldisciplines s well done (as  z Introductionin the cases mentioned here) he results an be impressive; hen less welldone, disastrous.Fclix Guattari was bv srcin a psychoanalyst n the Lacan school but waspolitically'engaged rom very early on. This engagement ecame ncreasinglyarticlrlated hrough and after he events f Mav r968, n which he plal'ed amajor behind-the-scenes ole. But also hrough the rg6os he worked at LaBorde psvchiatric clinic south of Paris u'here he elaborated his idea of'institutionai aualvsis' as a methodological critique of institutionalpsvchotherapy' hich had been he deology fthe clinic since ts naugura-tion, n which Guattari participated, n r953. Since ts formation n r975 hehas been centrally active in the International Network Alternative toPsychiatrv. He has had some criticism evelled t him by some circles n the'alternative' movement because f his association with La Borde, whereelectroshock ECT) and insulin coma are stiil practised. He is not a doctorand has never given these reatments o anyone, but more mportantly his'institutional analysis' has the specific aim of'depassing' politically thepractice of institutional psychotherapy. His concept of transversality sworked out as a critique ofinstitutional 'transference' (the psychoanalyticconcept). What he means by transversality n the institutional contextGuattari explains n the chapter of that name in this book. The word,horvever, lso connotes n intellectual mobility across iscipline boundariesand above all the establishment fa continuum hrough heory, practice ndmilitant action.Our aurhor has also met w,ith criticism rom some circles f the organizedleft in terms ol gauchiste'spontaneism'. n lact there are few people who havethought out so con.sistently, ritically aird self-critically he problem ofspontaneous ction, arriving at the conclusion hat t is a 'dangerous myth'that we have o rar.rscend n a multiplicity of new practices hat he specifies' can also estili'to his generosity nd to thevery phvsical isks hat he has unin his defence of dissident talian leftists accused, vithout proofs beingbrought, of lirrks with terrorism. Today, after the left ascension o power inFrance on ro May r98r, F6lix Guattari s nvolved vith publicly mportantquestions. rrch as the Free Radio svstem for which he has waged a longstruggle n Europe) as an ndicator ofa new st,vle n mass ommunication hatconstitutes rational challenge o rational administrators, 'ho at ast seem obe genuinely oncerned ith problems f democracy t the base f society.Guattari's position s not, as some people have seemed o think, 'anti-theoretical' ut represents new ype oftheoretical ctivity hat would avoidthe simpiilfing reduction o containing structures uch as the dyadic andtriadic situations of psychoanalysis transference ituation, Oedipal com-plex) or of C. S. Peirce's elational ogic (to which he often refers). Theparticular nature of the rigour that Guattari is developing an be seen nIntroduction 3L'lncorucient achinique, n his most recent still unpublished writings and n thechapter on 'Capitalist Systems, Structures and Processes' as yet unpub-lished n French) n this book. He tells me that his view of theory s that it hasan essentially reative unction, ike art. The aim of theory s to produce new,more heuristic heoretical bjects nd he quotes he nvention fpolyphony nmusic. n the eft France of rg8z everyone wants o invent new theoreticalobjects. Guattari has succeeded n inventing ome in fact quite a number ofthem.In this writing, ndividuals, roups nd'the society'are ot denied, ut thedesiring machines operate in the spaces etween hese entities'. Guattari'swriting itselfissues rom this sort ofinterspace and s directed back again ntothese spaces between', which are the spaces where things are agendes.Then,by a curious but comprehensible ogic, the writing itself becomes gencement.The reader will have to rvork out the meaning of this term lrom the text itselfand the Glossary,l but I shall simply note here that one of the ways thatGuattari vses gencemenl s close o the way that Ert ing Goffman describes heeveryday ife organization of experien e, n Frame Anajsis tor example. But ifone searches or analogies between Guattari's position and positions n'Anglo-Saxon'social thought, one s hard-pressed o find equivalences o theconcept of rule in, say, ethno-methodology r in P. Winch's Wittgenstein-orientated ule-following approach. The closest ne can get s n the concep-tion ofa'plane of consistency' hat Guattari develops.The question or Guattari, and the rest of us, s how to undo he erstwhileemancipatory rhetoric of much of the series of social revolutionary a{hrma-tions of the r96os and early r97os. How to re-think what thought might be.We may have widely differenr esponses o his question, ur one hing s sure:from now on, in no conceivable vay can Fdlix Guattari's extensive ndintense esponse e eft out ofaccount.The selection f articles n this book deliberately mits a number of pieces,all ofthem interesting ut having many ocal eferences irected t a Frenchpublic. The English-language eader may find some difficulty with theauthor's terminology, though these earlier writings by no means present heproblem of Guattari's ater and conjoint work. One might object o some ofthe language and remark that there is a perfectly good philosophical andscientific anguage hat has by no means een exhausted hrough 2,5oo earsof history, but we should norjump to the conclusion har Guattari s guilty ofstylistic en,ersitv. s with Deleuze is otally explicit aim s o desrructure consciousness nd a rationality over-sure fitselfand thus too easy prey tosubtle, and not so subtle, dogmatisms.The boundaries etween he orms olhuman and non-human matter hat t. Reference hould be made ro the verl,useful and lucid account ol'agencementgivenh ialogue.r:Gilles Deleuze, laire Pamet, -lammarion, r977, pp. 84-9r.
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