of 3
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
  Oceanus (/osiənəs/; Greek: ʊˈ ː Ὠ κεανός Ōkeanós,[2] pronounce [keanós]! as a i#ine $i%ure ɔː in c&assica& an'iui'), *e&ie#e *) '+e ancien' Greeks an o-ans 'o *e '+e i#ine personi$ica'ion o$ '+e .or& Ocean, an enor-ous ri#er encirc&in% '+e or&0'ric'&) speakin%, Oceanus as '+e ocean1s'rea- a' '+e ua'or in +ic+ $&oa'e '+e +a*i'a*&e +e-isp+ere (3κ3456ν7, oikou-ene![8] 9n Greek -)'+o&o%), '+is or&1ocean as personi$ie as ἰ a i'an, a son o$ ranus an Gaea 9n <e&&enis'ic an o-an -osaics, '+is i'an as o$'en epic'e as +a#in% '+e upper *o) o$ a -uscu&ar -an i'+ a &on% *ear an +orns (o$'en represen'e as '+e c&a s o$ a cra*! an '+e &o er *o) o$ a serpen' (c$ )p+on! On a $ra%-en'ar) arc+aic #esse& o$ circa =>? @A (@ri'is+ Buseu- CDECCC1CC!, a-on% '+e %os arri#in% a' '+e ein% o$ Fe&eus an '+e sea1n)-p+ +e'is, is a $is+1'ai&e Oceanus, i'+ a $is+ in one +an an a serpen' in '+e o'+er, %i$'s o$ *oun') an prop+ec) 9n o-an -osaics, suc+ as '+a' $ro- @aro +e -i%+' carr) a s'eerin%1oar an cra&e a s+ip0o-e sc+o&ars *e&ie#e '+a' Oceanus ori%ina&&) represen'e a&& *oies o$ sa&' a'er, inc&uin% '+e Bei'erranean 0ea an '+e '&an'ic Ocean, '+e ' o &ar%es' *oies kno n 'o '+e ancien' Greeks <o e#er, as %eo%rap+) *eca-e -ore accura'e, Oceanus ca-e 'o represen' '+e s'ran%er, -ore unkno n a'ers o$ '+e '&an'ic Ocean (a&so ca&&e '+e HOcean 0eaH!, +i&e '+e ne co-er o$ a &a'er %enera'ion, Foseion, ru&e o#er '+e Bei'erraneanGreek ei'iesseriesi'ansO&)-pians ua'ic ei'iesA+'+onic ei'iesB)cenaean ei'iesFersoni$ie concep'sO'+er ei'iesi'ans+e  e&#e i'ansOceanus an e'+)s,<)perion an +eia,Aoeus an F+oe*e,Aronus an +ea,Bne-os)ne, +e-is,Arius, 9ape'usA+i&ren o$ OceanusOceanis, Fo'a-oiA+i&ren o$ <)perion<e&ios, 0e&ene, osA+i&ren o$ AoeusIe&an'os, Ie'o, s'eria0ons o$ 9ape'us '&as, Fro-e'+eus,pi-e'+eus, Benoe'ius0ons o$ Arius s'raeus, Fa&&as, Ferses# ' eOceanusJ consor' is +is sis'er e'+)s, an $ro- '+eir union ca-e '+e ocean n)-p+s, a&so kno n as '+e '+ree1'+ousan Oceanis, an a&& '+e ri#ers o$ '+e or&, $oun'ains, an &akes[K] Lro- Aronus, o$ '+e race o$ i'ans, '+e O&)-pian %os +a#e '+eir *ir'+, an <era -en'ions ' ice in 9&ia*ook M9N +er in'ene ourne) H'o '+e ens o$ '+e %enerous ear'+ on a #isi' 'o Oceanus, +ence '+e %os +a#e risen, an e'+)s our -o'+er +o *rou%+' -e up kin&) in '+eir o n +ouseH[=]9n -os' #aria'ions o$ '+e ar *e' een '+e i'ans an '+e O&)-pians, or i'ano-ac+), Oceanus,  a&on% i'+ Fro-e'+eus an +e-is, i no' 'ake '+e sie o$ +is $e&&o i'ans a%ains' '+e O&)-pians, *u' ins'ea i'+re $ro- '+e con$&ic' 9n -os' #aria'ions o$ '+is -)'+, Oceanus a&so re$use 'o sie i'+ Aronus in '+e &a''erJs re#o&' a%ains' '+eir $a'+er, ranus $'er '+e $irs' Pion)sus [Qa%reus] +a *een s&au%+'ere, La'+er Qeus  a''acke '+e -o'+er o$ '+e i'anes [Gaia '+e ar'+] i'+ a#en%in% *ran, an s+u' up '+e -urerers o$ +orne Pion)sus ['+e i'ans is-e-*ere '+e %o&in% Qa%reus] i'+in '+e %a'e o$ ar'arus [a$'er a &on% ar]: '+e 'rees *&aRe, '+e +air o$ su$$erin% Gaea (ar'+! as scorc+e i'+ +ea'    So Okeanos poure ri#ers o$ 'ears $ro- +is a'er) e)es, a &i*a'ion o$ supp&ian' pra)er +en Qeus c&ai-e +is ra'+ a''+e si%+' o$ '+e scorc+e ear'+; +e pi'ie +er, an is+e 'o as+ i'+ a'er '+e as+es o$ ruin an'+e $ier) ouns o$ '+e &an +en ain) Qeus co#ere '+e +o&e sk) i'+ c&ous an $&ooe a&& '+e ear'+ [in '+e Grea' Pe&u%e o$ Peuka&ion]TSonnus, Pion)siaca U C== $$[C]9n '+e 9&ia, '+e ric+ icono%rap+) o$ c+i&&esJ s+ie&, as $as+ione *) <ep+aes'us, is enc&ose, as '+e or& i'se&$ as *e&ie#e 'o *e, *) Oceanus:+en, runnin% roun '+e s+ie&1ri-, 'rip&e1p&),+e pic'ure a&& '+e -i%+' o$ '+e Ocean s'rea-.+en O)sseus an Ses'or a&k 'o%e'+er a&on% '+e s+ore o$ '+e sounin% sea (9&ia 9MC>2! '+e)aress '+eir pra)ers H'o '+e %rea' 0ea1%o +o %ir&es '+e or&H 9' is 'o Oceanus, no' 'o Foseion, '+a' '+eir '+ou%+'s are irec'e9n#oke in passin% *) poe's an $i%ure as '+e $a'+er o$ ri#ers an s'rea-s, an '+us '+e pro%eni'or o$ ri#er %os, Oceanus appears on&) once in -)'+, as a represen'a'i#e o$ '+e arc+aic or& '+a' <erac&es cons'an'&) '+rea'ene an *es'e[E] <erac&es $orce <e&ios 'o &en +i- +is %o&en *o &, in orer 'o cross '+e ie eVpanse o$ '+e Ocean on +is 'rip 'o '+e <esperies .+enOceanus 'osse '+e *o & a*ou', <erac&es '+rea'ene +i- an s'i&&e +is a#es +e ourne) o$ <erac&es in '+e sun1*o & upon Oceanus *eca-e a $a#ore '+e-e a-on% pain'ers o$ ''ic po''er)Oceanus appears in <e&&enic cos-o%rap+) as e&& as -)'+ Aar'o%rap+ers con'inue 'o represen' '+e encirc&in% eua'oria& s'rea- -uc+ as i' +a appeare on c+i&&esJ s+ie&[>]+ou%+ <eroo'us as skep'ica& a*ou' '+e p+)sica& eVis'ence o$ Oceanus, +e reec'e sno -e&' as a cause o$ '+e annua& $&oo o$ '+e Si&e ri#er; accorin% 'o +is 'rans&a'or an in'erpre'er, Ii#io Aa'u&&o 0'ecc+ini, +e &e$' unse''&e '+e ues'ion o$ an eua'oria& Si&e, since '+e %eo%rap+) o$ 0u*10a+aran $rica as unkno n 'o +i- po&&onius o$ +oes ca&&s '+e &o er Panu*e '+e Weras Okeanoio (Gu&$ or <orn o$ Oceanus! in  r%onau'ica (9N 2>2! ccion (Ocean! in '+e $our'+ cen'ur) Gau&is+ Ia'in o$ u$us #ienusJ, Ora -ari'i-a, as app&ie 'o %rea' &akes[D]@o'+ <o-er (O)sse), M99 C! an <esio (+eo%onia, #2K2 D=D! re$er 'o Okeanos Fo'a-os, '+eHOcean 0'rea-H,<eca'eus o$ *era ri'es '+a' '+e Oceanus o$ '+e <)per*oreans is nei'+er '+e rc'ic Ocean nor .es'ern Ocean, *u' '+e sea &oca'e 'o '+e nor'+ o$ '+e ancien' Greek or&, ca&&e H'+e -os' a-ira*&e o$ a&& seasH *) <eroo'us (&i* 9N >=!, ca&&e '+e Hi--ense seaH *) Fo-ponius Be&a (&i* 9 c CD! an *) Pion)sius Ferie%e'es (Or*is Pescrip'io, # CU=!, an +ic+ is na-e Bare -aus on -eie#a& %eo%rap+ic -aps ' '+e en o$ '+e Okeanos Fo'a-os, is '+e +o&) is&an o$ &*a (Ieuke, F)'+o Sisi, 9s&e o$ 0nakes!,sacre 'o '+e Fe&as%ian (an &a'er, Greek! po&&o, %ree'in% '+e sun risin% in '+e eas' <eca'eus o$   *era re$ers 'o po&&oJs is&an $ro- '+e re%ion o$ '+e <)per*oreans, in '+e Oceanus 9' as on Ieuke, in one #ersion o$ +is &e%en, '+a' '+e +ero c+i&&es, in a +i&&) 'u-u&us, as *urie ('o '+is a), one o$ '+e -ou'+s o$ '+e Panu*e is ca&&e A+i&ia! Ie'o, '+e <)per*orean %oess, a$'er ninea)s an nine ni%+'s o$ &a*our on '+e is&an o$ Pe&os (Fe&as%ian $or +i&&, re&a'e 'o 'e&&! H%a#e *ir'+ 'o '+e %rea' %o o$ '+e an'iue &i%+'H (Fseuo1po&&oorus, @i*&io'+eca, 9 KC! O& o-anian $o&k son%s sin% o$ a +i'e -onas'er) on a +i'e is&an i'+ nine pries's, nine sin%ers, nine a&'ars, on apar' o$ '+e @&ack 0ea kno n as '+e .+i'e 0ea[C?]
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks