One Less Statistic

1. One Less Statistic It may be a surprise to most, as it was to myself, that according to EPA estimates, Radon is the leading cause of lung cancer among non-smokers.…
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  • 1. One Less Statistic It may be a surprise to most, as it was to myself, that according to EPA estimates, Radon is the leading cause of lung cancer among non-smokers. This potent, cancer-causing radioactive gas cannot be seen, smelt or tasted and is responsible for 21,000 lung cancer deaths each year, 2,900 of which were among people who never put a cigarette to their mouth. By: Bobbie Reinoehl
  • 2. The Source - Let the journey begin – URANIUM Little radon atoms live deep below our toes inside the smallest of rocks. It then escapes through small crevices in those rocks and seeps into the soil. Depending on the soils moisture content, some radon atoms move freely at a fast pace before decaying and collecting inside a building of its choice. Others remain trapped in gravel and rocks and then decay to form lead. Some radon atoms enjoy swimming, however their journey ends in about an inch before they decay, where as the soil atoms can travel 6-10 feet. After an exhausting journey, Radon relaxes in your home. Discovered in 1900 by Friedrich Ernst Dorn
  • 3.
  • 4. No need to answer the doorbell, Radon will let itself in through your…. -Crack in the floor - -Construction joints - -Crack in the wall -Gaps around the service pipes - and -Cavities inside the wall- by now Radon is nestled up on your couch in your basement, infecting everyone in its path. How They Get In
  • 5. How They Get In
  • 6. Health Problems <ul><li>2 months later… </li></ul><ul><li>Another doctor visit gone by, another day of hacking and shortness of breath…I wonder how I got this way. I never smoked a day in my life, nor has my husband or kids. I ask myself…why am I so sick? </li></ul><ul><li>-Smoking, Radon, and Secondhand smoke are the leading causes of lung cancer- </li></ul><ul><li>-Radon is the leading cause of lung cancer among non-smokers - </li></ul><ul><li>-2,900 non-smokers die each year from radon related lung cancer- </li></ul><ul><li>-Other illnesses such as asthma attacks and ear infections are common in young children- </li></ul><ul><li>After learning of my illness, a friend suggested I test my home for Radon. </li></ul>
  • 7. -Risk if you smoke- Note: If you are a former smoker, your risk may be lower. pCi/L (pico Curies per Liter) * Lifetime risk of lung cancer deaths from EPA Assessment of Risks from Radon in Homes (EPA 402-R-03-003). ** Comparison data calculated using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 1999-2001 National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Reports. (Average outdoor radon level) About 3 people could get lung cancer 0.4 pCi/L (Reducing radon  levels below 2 pCi/L is difficult.) (Average indoor radon level) About 20 people could get lung cancer 1.3 pCi/L Consider fixing between 2 and 4 pCi/L 6 times the risk of dying from poison About 32 people could get lung cancer 2 pCi/L Fix your home 5 times the risk of dying in a car crash About 62 people could get lung cancer 4 pCi/L Fix your home 30 times the risk of dying in a fall About 120 people could get lung cancer 8 pCi/L Fix your home 200 times the risk of dying in a home fire About 150 people could get lung cancer 10 pCi/L Fix your home 250 times the risk of drowning About 260 people could get lung cancer 20 pCi/L WHAT TO DO: Stop smoking and... The risk of cancer from radon exposure compares to**... If 1,000 people who smoked were exposed to this level over a lifetime*... Radon Level
  • 8. <ul><li>Rated #1 Long-Term Test Kit by a Leading National Consumer Advocacy Group. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has verified this product for accurate radon measurement. NELAP, NEHA & NRPP listed. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for long term measurements lasting 3-12 months. A long-term test is the best way to determine your exposure to Radon during different seasons and living conditions in your home. </li></ul><ul><li>How to Test </li></ul><ul><li>If your home has a basement, open and place the canister anywhere in the basement. Do not place the canister in a garage, root cellar, crawl space or sump pump pit. If your house does not have a basement, place the open canister in the lowest livable level of your home in any room except the bathroom, kitchen, laundry room or porch. If testing more than one area of your home, place the other canister in a frequently used living area. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not expose the canister to noticeable drafts such as near a window, fireplace or open door. Canister should be placed at least 2 feet above the floor, at least 1 foot away from exterior walls, at least 4 inches away from other objects and at least 3 feet away from windows, doors or other openings. Do not place in cupboard, closet, drawer, etc. Canister should be exposed to the air people breathe. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut or tear the pouch open and remove the Alpha track detector. Do not remove the cover of the test device. Expose to room air for a period of 3 months to 1 year. Three months should be the minimum for this type of test. When exposure time is complete, place the testing device into the U.S. postage prepaid mailing envelope along with the information sheet and mail it. </li></ul><ul><li>Information You Will Provide </li></ul><ul><li>Name and address. </li></ul><ul><li>Serial number of the test device. </li></ul><ul><li>Start and end dates and times of the test. </li></ul><ul><li>Record the location in your home where the canister was exposed </li></ul><ul><li>email address if you would like the results emailed </li></ul>Long Term Testing $28.00 Results received within 10 business days.
  • 9. 1 month later… I took my friend’s advice and decided to test my home for Radon. It was easy and very inexpensive. To my surprise the results came back at 20 pCi/L’s. The EPA suggests keeping your house at 2 pCi/L’s (picocuries per liter) or below! Because the levels of radon in my home were so high, I hired a contractor to make the home repairs necessary to remove it, which costs $800 - $2,500. Some do it yourself removal remedies include a vent pipe system and fan, seal off exposed cracks in walls and floors, and vent your basement and open windows. Here is who to contact: PA Dept. of Environmental Protection - Bureau of Radiation Protection Rachel Carson State Office Bldg P.O. Box 8469 Harrisburg, PA 17105-8469 1-800-23RADON (1-800-237-2366) (Pennsylvania only) Radon Contact :  Michael Pyles  Division Chief  (717) 783-3594 Fax: (717) 783-8965
  • 10. The Pennsylvania Radon Story by Thomas M. Gerusky     In December 1984, the Pennsylvania Bureau of Radiation Protection found itself confronted with the discovery of a home in eastern Pennsylvania having the highest level of radon daughters ever reported. The Bureau responded with a massive radon monitoring, educational, and remediation effort. As of November 1986, over 18,000 homes had been screened for radon daughters; of which, approximately 59% were found to have levels in excess of the 0.020 Working Level guideline. Pennsylvania responded to the radon issue in the belief that it had public health responsibility and a moral obligation to assist as much as possible. Pennsylvania has no legal authority to enter private residences without the consent of the homeowner, and no authority to require monitoring or take remedial action. Pennsylvania has received technical and in-kind help from the federal agencies but no direct monetary support. Pennsylvania believes the issue is so significant that a permanent program is being established in the Bureau of Radiation Protection to continue the screening, detailed evaluation, and follow-up of radon-infiltrated homes. Pennsylvania believes the problem to be international in scope, and strongly recommends that other states and federal agencies carry out screening; and, where necessary, remedial action programs.
  • 11.
  • 12. National Radon Action Month <ul><li>Since removing the Radon from my home, I am feeling 100% better! I thank my friend everyday for educating me on what I needed to know about Radon. The EPA has designated January as National Radon Action Month - a time when a variety of radon programs conduct special activities and events across the country aiming to increase peoples awareness of radon and to promote testing to prevent more lung cancer statistics. </li></ul><ul><li>Help your community by joining the Living Healthy & Green Campaign to promote building new radon-resistant homes. </li></ul>
  • 13. “ A Citizen's Guide to Radon.” The Guide to Protecting Yourself and Your Family From Radon . 9 Feb 2009. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 4 Mar 2009. <> Friedman, Sharon M., et al. &quot;Reporting on Radon: The Role of Local Newspapers.&quot; Environment 29.2 (Mar. 1987): 4. Academic Search Premier . EBSCO. HACC Library, York, PA. 4 Mar. 2009 <> Gerusky, Thomas M. “Bureau of Radiation Protection.” The Pennsylvania Radon Story . Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. 4 Mar 2009. < story1.htm> Gerusky, Thomas M., and Albert J. Hazle.. &quot;RADON Reports from the States.&quot; Environment 29.1 (Jan. 1987): 12. Academic Search Premier . EBSCO. HACC Library, York, PA. 4 Mar. 2009 <>. Nicholls, Gerald. &quot;The Ebb and Flow of Radon.&quot; American Journal of Public Health July 1999: 993+. Academic Search Premier . EBSCO. HACC Library,York, PA. 4 Mar. 2009 <> Stebbings, James H., and James J. Dignam.. &quot;Contamination of Individuals by Radon Daughters: A Preliminary Study.&quot; Archives of Environmental Health 43.2 (Mar. 1988). Academic Search Premier . EBSCO. HACC Library, York, PA. 4 Mar. 2009 <> Works Cited
  • 14. Works Cited ctd. <ul><li>Akerman, Jeanette, Johnson, F. Reed, Bergman, Lars. &quot;Paying for Safety: Voluntary Reduction of Residential Radon. &quot;  Land Economics   67.4 (1991): 435.  ABI/INFORM Select . ProQuest.  Harrisburg Area Community College,  Harrisburg,  PA. 16 Mar. 2009 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Conrath, Susan M, Kolb, Laura. &quot;The health risk of radon. &quot;  Journal of Environmental Health   58.3 (1995): 24.  Health Module . ProQuest.  Harrisburg Area Community College,  Harrisburg,  PA. 16 Mar. 2009 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Hutchings, Vicky. . &quot;Natural borne killer? &quot;  New Statesman   30 Aug. 1996: 28.  Research Library Core . ProQuest.  Harrisburg Area Community College,  Harrisburg,  PA. 16 Mar. 2009 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Janet Raloff. . &quot;Radon-lung cancer risk high for smokers. &quot;  Science News   7 Mar. 1998: 159.  Education Module . ProQuest.  Harrisburg Area Community College,  Harrisburg,  PA. 16 Mar. 2009 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Nero, Anthony. . &quot;Regulating the great indoors. &quot;  Technology Review   Aug. 1994: 78.  ABI/INFORM Select . ProQuest.  Harrisburg Area Community College,  Harrisburg,  PA. 16 Mar. 2009 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Peterson, Michael D. . &quot;Two models for assessing a federal environmental health policy: The case of radon in U.S. homes. &quot;  Management Science   42.10 (1996): 1476.  ABI/INFORM Select . ProQuest.  Harrisburg Area Community College,  Harrisburg,  PA. 16 Mar. 2009 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Ross, Richard. . &quot;Relocation: Rado Gas Is Risky Business. &quot;  Personnel Journal   1 Jan. 1990: 98.  ABI/INFORM Select . ProQuest.  Harrisburg Area Community College,  Harrisburg,  PA. 16 Mar. 2009 <> </li></ul>
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