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   Presented by: MAYUR CHAURE (111214004) MAYUR SHIVALKAR (111214043) SANKET WAGHMARE (111214051) Biologist, sociologist, geographer and Town Planner    About Sir Patrick Geddes  Sir Patrick Geddes  (2 October 1854  –   17 April 1932) was a Scottish  biologist, sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town  planner.  He is known for his innovative thinking in the fields of urban  planning and sociology.  He introduced the concept of region to architecture and planning and coined the term conurbation .  Geddes was the founder of the College des Ecossaise (Scots College) an international teaching establishment in Montpellier, France.  He studied at the Royal College of Mines in London under Thomas Henry Huxley between 1874 and 1878, and lectured in Zoology at Edinburgh University from 1880 to 1888.   His principles for town planning in Bombay demonstrate his views on the relationship between social processes and spatial form, and the intimate and causal connections between the social development of the individual and the cultural and physical environment. They included: ( Bombay Town Planning Act of 1915 )  Preservation of human life and energy, rather than superficial  beautification.  Conformity to an orderly development plan carried out in stages.  Purchasing land suitable for building.  Promoting trade and commerce.  Preserving historic buildings and buildings of religious significance.  Developing a city worthy of civic pride, not an imitation of European cities.  Promoting the happiness, health and comfort of all residents, rather than focusing on roads and parks available only to the rich.  Control over future growth with adequate provision for future requirements.  Concepts..  Patrick Geddes explained an organism‟s relationship to its environment as follows:  “The environment acts, through function, upon the organism and conversely the organism acts, through function, upon the environment.“  (Cities in Evolution, 1915)  In human terms this can be understood as a place acting through climatic and geographic processes upon people and thus shaping them. At the same time people act, through economic processes such as farming and construction, on a  place and thus shape it. Thus both place and folk are linked and through work are in constant transition.
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