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People vs. Flora

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Case Digest - Criminal Case 1
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   THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,  appellee,vs. HERMOGENES FLORA AND EDWIN FLORA, appellants .G.R. No. 125909. June 23, 2000FACTS On ! e e#en$n% o& J'nu'() 9, 1993, ' *'n+e '(!) -' e/* !o +e/e('!e! e $(! *') o& Jen%en% M'/u'%o $n S$!$o S$/', '('n%') Lon%o, 4'/')''n,L'%un'. Ae//'n! He(o%ene F/o(', '//e%e*/) ' u$!o( o& Jen%en% M'/u'%o, '!!en*e* ! e '(!) -$! $ (o! e( 'n* +o'e//'n! E*-$n F/o(',  alias  6oo)6. A/o $n '!!en*'n+e -e(e Ro'/$e Ro', ! en ' $% + oo/ !u*en!7 e( o! e(, Ee($!' Ro', 'n* e( 'un!, F/o( E$n'. I(eneoG'//'(!e, ' ne$% o( o& ! e Ro', -' ! e(e !oo. T e *'n+$n% -en! on '! $*n$% ! u! '! 'ou! 130, #$o/en+e e(u!e*. On $%n'/ ) E*-$n F/o(', He(o%ene F/o(' 8(e* $ .3 +'/$e( (e#o/#e( !-$+e.  T e 8(!  o! %(':e* ! e ($% !  ou/*e( o& F/o( E$n', ! en $! Ee($!' Ro', e/o- e(  ou/*e(. T e e+on*  o! $! I(eneo G'//'(!e - o /ue* on!o ! e ;oo(. Ro'/$e, -'  o+<e* 'n* +ou/* on/) u!!e(, 6 si  o*o), si  o*o)6, (e&e(($n% !o He(o%ene F/o('. E*-$n F/o(' '(o'+ e* e( 'n*, o<$n% ' <n$&e '! e( ne+<, ! (e'!ene* !o <$// e( e&o(e e 'n* $ (o! e(, He(o%ene, ;e* ! e +ene.  T e #$+!$ o& ! e %un8(e -e(e !('no(!e* !o ! e Ru('/ He'/! =n$! $n Lon%o, 4'/')''n, L'%un', - e(e Ee($!' 'n* I(eneo *$e*. E'(/) ! '! 'e o(n$n% o& J'nu'() 10, 1993, ! e o/$+e '((e!e* E*-$nF/o(' '! $ (en!e* oue $n '('n%') '%u')'n, P'e!e, L'%un'. He(o%ene F/o(', '&!e( /e'(n$n% o& ! e '((e! o& $ (o! e(, (o+ee*e* 8(! !o ! e oue o& $ 'un!, E(/$n*' P'n%'n, $n P'n%$/, L'%un' u! /'!e( ! '! *'), e ;e* !o $ oe!o-n $n P$$'n, S'n Fe(n'n*o, C''($ne Su(. T e 'u!o) +on*u+!e* ) ! e e*$+o/e%'/ o>+e(, D(. R$+'(*o R.  ?'o!, J(., (e#e'/e* ! e &o//o-$n% &'!'/ -oun* u!'$ne* ) ! e *e+e'e*On Fe(u'() 2@, 1993, P(oe+u!$on A!!o(ne) Joe/$!o D.R. Oe' 8/e* ! (ee e'('!e $n&o('!$on + '(%$n% 'e//'n! ' &o//o-  T '! on o( 'ou! J'nu'() 10, 1993, '! '(oun* 130 o+/o+< $n ! e o(n$n% ! e(eo&, $n S$!$o S$/', '('n%') Lon%o, un$+$'/$!) o& 4'/')''n, (o#$n+e o& L'%un', 'n* -$! $n ! e u($*$+!$on o& ! $ Hono('/e Cou(!,1. A++ue* He(o%ene F/o(' +on$($n% 'n* +on&e*e('!$n% -$! '++ue* E*-$n F/o(' , 'n* u!u'//) e/$n% one 'no! e(, - $/e +on#en$en!/)  '(e* ! en -$! ' +'/$e( .3 'n*%un, -$! $n!en! !o <$//, ) e'n o& !(e'+ e() 'n* -$! e#$*en! (ee*$!'!$on, *$* ! en 'n* ! e(e -$/&u//), un/'-&u//) 'n* &e/on$ou/) '!!'+<, ''u/! 'n*  oo! -$! ! e '$* 8(e'( oneEMERITA ROMA ) DELOS RE?ES, ! e(e) $n;$+!$n% uon ! e /'!!e( %un o! -oun* on e( + e! - $+ +'ue* e( $e*$'!e *e'! , !o ! e *''%e 'n* (eu*$+e o& e( u(#$#$n% e$(.2. A++ue* HERMOGENES FLORA +on$($n% 'n* +on&e*e('!$n% -$! '++ue* E(-$n BE*-$n F/o(', 'n* u!u'//) e/$n% one 'no! e(, - $/e +on#en$en!/) '(e* ! en -$! 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HELD W en He(o%ene F/o(' u**en/)  o! Ee($!' 'n* I(eneo, o! -e(e e//e !o *e&en* ! ee/#e. T e$( *e'!  -e(e u(*e(, no! $/) o$+$*e $n+e ! e '+! -e(e u'/$8e* ) !(e'+ e(). T u, -e '(e +oe//e*!o +on+/u*e ! '! 'e//'n! He(o%ene F/o(' $ %u$/!) e)on* (e'on'/e *ou! o& *ou/e u(*e( &o( ! e *e'!  o& Ee($!' Ro' 'n* I(eneo G'//'(!e, 'n* %u$/!) o& '!!e!e* u(*e( o& F/o( E$n'.  E*-$n F/o(', eu'//) %u$/!) ' $ (o! e(, $n +on$('+) e!-een 'e//'n! &o( u(*e( o& I(eneo G'//'(!e. Fo( +on$('+) !o e$!, $! $ no! (eu$(e* ! '! ! e(e e 'n '%(eeen! &o( 'n '(e+$'/e e($o* ($o( !o ! e o++u((en+e. I! $u>+$en! ! '! '! ! e !$e o& ! e +o$$on o& ! e oene, ! e '++ue* 'n* +o'++ue* '* ! e 'e u(oe 'n* -e(e un$!e* $n ee+u!$on.E*-$n F/o(' *eon!('!e* no! e(e '$#e (een+e '! ! e +ene o& ! e +($e. He !')e* e$*e $ (o! e( He(o%ene, ($% ! e $n* ! e #$+!$ - $/e ! e *'n+e '(!) *($&!e* /'!e $n!o ! e n$% ! !$// ! e e'(/) ou( o& ! e o(n$n% ! e &o//o-$n% *'). A// ! e - $/e, e 'n* $ (o! e( %':e* o$nou/) '! I(eneo G'//'(!e, /$<e '-< -'$!$n% &o( ! e$( (e). An* ! en E*-$n ;$+< o& ! '! /$% !e* +$%'(e!!e !o ! e %(oun* $%n'/e* He(o%ene !o +oen+e  oo!$n% '! ! e '/e #$+!$. I& e#e( E*-$n 'e'(e* '+u$e+en! *u($n% ! e +'(n'%e, $! -' e+'ue no $$/'( -e'on -' '#'$/'/e &o( $. An* e ;e* &(o ! e +($e +ene !o%e! e( -$! $ (o! e( u! no! '&!e( #$o/en!/) neu!('/$:$n% 'n) o!'+/e on ! e$( -'). W $/e %e!!$n% '-'), E*-$n %('e* Ro'/$e Ro' 'n* o<e* ' <n$&e '! e( ne+< - en ! e /'!!e( )!e($+'//)  ou!e* 6$ o*o), S$ o*o),6 $n '//u$on !o He(o%ene F/o(', - o  e '- ' ! e %un-$e/*e(. A// !o/*, E*-$n, ) $ +on*u+!, *eon!('!e* un$!) o& u(oe 'n* *e$%n -$! $ (o! e( He(o%ene $n +o$!!$n% ! e +($e + '(%e*. He $ ! u /$'/e ' +o+on$('!o(.Ho-e#e(, -e +'nno! 8n* E*-$n F/o(' $$/'(/) (eon$/e &o( ! e *e'! o& Ee($!' Ro' 'n* ! e $nu() o& F/o( E$n'. T e e#$*en+e on/)  o- +on$('+) !o <$// I(eneo G'//'(!e 'n* no one e/e. Fo( '+! *one ou!$*e ! e +on!e/'!$on o& ! e +on$('!o( on/) ! e '+!u'/ e(e!('!o( '(e /$'/e. An* ! e (u/e ' '/-') een ! '! +o+on$('!o( '(e /$'/e on/) &o( '+! *one u(u'n! !o ! e +on$('+). Fo( o! e( '+! *one ou!$*e ! e +on!e/'!$on o& ! e +o+on$('!o( o( - $+ '(e no! ! e ne+e'() 'n* /o%$+'/ +oneuen+e o& ! e $n!en*e* +($e, on/) ! e '+!u'/ e(e!('!o( '(e /$'/e. T e(e&o(e, Ae//'n! He(o%ene F/o(' 'n* E*-$n F/o(' '(e &oun* G=ILT? e)on* (e'on'/e *ou! o& ! e M=RDER o& I(eneo G'//'(!e.He(o%ene F/o(' $ &oun* G=ILT? e)on* (e'on'/e *ou! o& ! e M=RDER o& Ee($!' Ro' 'n* ! e ATTEMPTED M=RDER o& F/o( E$n'.Ae//'n! E*-$n F/o(' $ AC=ITTED o& ! e u(*e( o& Ee($!' Ro' 'n* ! e '!!e!e* u(*e( o& F/o( E$n'.
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