Graphics & Design

Politics of Immigration Control and Detention in Post-war Japan: The Mobility Experiences of Koreans

Description
This paper examines the institutionalization of the postwar Japanese border control system through an analysis of the international origins of the Ōmura Detention Camp, which was established in Japan under the Allied Occupation. In its origin, the
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  iaS YgMi ri PliiCS  iMMigrai Crl !"#$%$&' ") *++$,-.%$"/ 0"/%-"# ./1 23%3/%$"/ $/ !"'%45.- 6.7./ !"# %&'()(*+ ,-.#/(#01#2 &3 4&/#502 !"#$%&'$ !"#$ &'&() (*'+#,($ -"( #,$-#-.-#/,'0#1'-#/, /2 -"( &/$-34') 5'&',($( 6/)7() 8/,-)/0 $9$-(+ -")/.:" ', ','09$#$ /2 -"( #,-(),'-#/,'0 /)#:#,$ /2 -"( Ō +.)' ;(-(,-#/, <'+& ="()('2-() >-"( Ō +.)' <'+&?@ A B 4"#8" 4'$ ($-'60#$"(7 #,  5'&', .,7() -"( C00#(7 D88.&'-#/,E F, #-$ /)#:#,B -"( Ōmura  <'+& 4'$ '#+(7 ,/- 2/) 8/,2#,#,: &(/&0( 4"/ 8/++#--(7 #00(:'0 (,-)9 6.- G.$- 2/) /22()#,: ' -(+&/)'0 4'#-#,: $-'-#/, 2/) ,(409 '))#H(7 #++#:)',-$E I(H()-"(0($$B -"( 2.,8-#/, /2 -"( Ōmura  <'+& 6(:', -/ 7(H#'-( 2)/+ #-$ (*&(8-(7 &.)&/$( ',7 :)'7.'009 $-')-(7 -/ &0'9 #-$ .,(*&(8-(7 )/0( '$ ' 0/,: -()+ 7(-(,-#/, "/.$( (*80.$#H(09 2/) -"( 7(-'#,(( 2)/+ -"( J/)(', &(,#,$.0' /) J/)(', )($#7(,-$ #,  5'&',B #, '88/)7',8( 4#-" -"( $-)'#,(7 #,-(),'-#/,'0 $#-.'-#/, ')/.,7 5'&',E K9 2/8.$#,: /, -"( 2.,8-#/,'0 -)',$#-#/, /2 -"( Ōmura  <'+& 2)/+ ' >,/)+'0? #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 8(,-() -/ -"( 7(-(,-#/, 8'+& 4"#8" '#+(7 -/ #,-(), ' $&(8#2#8 ,'-#/,'0 :)/.&B -"#$ &'&() )(H('0$ -"( &/0#-#8'0 /$8#00'-#/, /2 -"(  5'&',($( +#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 $9$-(+ ',7 (H'0.'-( #-$ #,-(),'-#/,'0 /)#:#,$ #, -"( &/$- LLFF ',7 -"( (')09 </07 L') &()#/7E ()*+,%-# -"( Ōmura  ;(-(,-#/, <'+&B 5'&',($( #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 7.)#,: -"( J/)(', L')B J/)(', )($#7(,-$ #, 5'&', =M'#,#8"# J/)(',$@B )(2.:((#$+ #, 5'&', !"#$%& (& N#-/-$.6'$"# O,#H()$#-9B !/P9/B 5'&',  A, 199 A      , SO  !"#$%$& ()*)%)+, -$.#,%)*)/01$2)+  3 A, 199 B        O  !"#$%$& ()*)%)+, -$.#,%)*)/01$2)+  3  A, 199 O M       !"#$%$& ()*)%)+, -$.#,%)*)/01$2)+  3 A,199 T    !"#$%$& ()*)%)+, -$.#,%)*)/01$2)+  3  iaS YgMi ri PliiCS  iMMigrai Crl !"/.:" &0(,-9 /2 $-.7#($ "'H( -)('-(7 /, -"( &/$-34') 5'&',Q$ #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 '7+#,#$-)'-#/,B -"( $0#:"-($- '--(,-#/, "'$ &'#7 /, -"( "#$-/)9 /2 -"( Ōmura  <'+&B /,( /2 -"( 0'):($- 7(-(,-#/, 8(,-()$ #, 5'&',E R+'00 ,.+6()$ /2 7(-'#,((Q$ )(+#,#$8(,8($ "'H( &.60#$"(7 4"#8" -/07 .$ -"( '.-"/)Q$ /4, (*&()#(,8($ #, -"( 7(-(,-#/, "/.$(E C+/,: +',9 #++#:)'-#/, $-.7#($ /,  5'&',B -"()( ')( 2(4 4"#8" #,-(,7(7 -/ 6)#7:( 6/-" -"( #,$-#-.-#/,'0 '$&(8-$ 4"#8" 8/,8(),(7 4#-" -"( $/8#/3&/0#-#8'0B 0(:'0 $9$-(+ ',7 -"( #,7#H#7.'0 '$&(8-$ 4"#8" 8/,8(),(7 4#-" /,(Q$ /4, &)#H'-( )('0#-9S -"()( #$ ' :'& 6(-4((, -"( #,$-#-.-#/,'0 ',7 -"( #,7#H#7.'0B 4"(, 4( -)('- -"( +'--() /2 #++#:)',-$ #, 5'&',ET)/+ -"#$ &()$&(8-#H(B Ō ,.+' U'$.'P# 2/8.$(7 /, -"( 7#22#8.0-#($ 4#-" 4"#8" J/)(', )($#7(,-$ #, 5'&', (,8/.,-()(7 '$ ' $9+&-/+'-#8 8'$( 2/) (H'03.'-#,: -"( 8"')'8-() /2 5'&',Q$ #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 $9$-(+E V  I(H()-"(0($$B Ōnuma  8/,8(,-)'-(7 "#$ '):.+(,-$ #, 8/,2.-#,: -"( +9-" /2 "/+/:(,(/.$ ,'-.)( /2 5'&',($( $/8#(-9 '$ 4(00 '$ #, '$$()-#,: -"( 8#H#0 )#:"-$ /2 J/)(', )($#7(,-$ #, 5'&',E U(-B #, "#$ $-.79 -"( '8-.'0#-9 /2 5'&',Q$ #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 $9$-(+B 4"#8" 4'$ $"/4, -/4')7$ J/)(', 7(-'#,(($ #, -"( 7(-(,-#/, 8'+&$B 4'$ /H()0//P(7E !"( Ōmura  <'+& '04'9$ 6(8'+( ' "')732/.:"- 2#(07 /2 &/0#-#8'0 $-).::0($E T/) (*'+&0(B '2-() -"( /.-6)('P /2 -"( J/)(', L')B -"( Ōmura  <'+& :)'7.'009 6(8'+( ' $#-( /2 &)/*9 4')S 60//79 2'8-#/,'0 8/,20#8-$ 6(-4((, >I/)-" J/)(',? 7(-'#,(($ ',7 >R/.-" J/)(',? 7(-'#,(($ /88.))(7 )(&('-(709B -"/.:" -"(9 4()( (W.'009 >'0#(, ,'-#/,'0$? -/ 6( 7(&/)-(7 -/ -"( J/)(', &(,#,$.0' #, -"( H#(4 /2 5'&',($( #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0E F, -"( +#770( /2 AXYZ$B 5'&',($( 8#-#1(, +/H(+(,-$ ':'#,$- -"( [#(-,'+ L') -//P -"(#) '8-#H#-#($ -/ &)/-($- ':'#,$- -"( 5'&',($( #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 ',7 7(-',3-#/, 8(,-()$E !/ 7#$$/0H( -"( Ōmura  <'+& ',7 -/ 0#6()'-( J/)(', 7(-'#,(($ 6(8'+( -"(#) 8'.$( /2 +/H(+(,-$B 2/) -"( Ōmura  <'+& 4'$ 8/,$#7()(7 '$ ' &"9$#8'0 '&&')'-.$ /2 -/-'0#-')#', /&&)($$#/,ED-"() $-.7#($ +',':(7 -/ .,7()$-',7 -"( )'7#8'0 8"',:( /2 &/$-4')  5'&',Q$ #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 &/0#89 G.$- #, ' $()#($ /2 $/8#'0 )(2/)+'-#/,$ (*(8.-(7 69 -"( #,#-#'-#H( /2 \(,()'0 N('7W.')-()$ =\N]@E N/4(H()B 8/+&')(7 -/ /-"() +'G/) )(2/)+'-#/,$ 0(7 69 \N]B $.8" '$ -"( (7.8'3-#/,'0 )(2/)+B -"( 0',7 )(2/)+B -"( 0'6/) .,#/, )(2/)+B ',7 -"( 8/,$-#-.3  iaS YgMi ri PliiCS  iMMigrai Crl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`/4()$ =R<C`@ ',7 5'&',($( /22#8#'0$ #, -"( 2'8( /2 -"( #+&(,7#,: 8)#$#$ /2 -"( </07 L')E a  C88/)7#,: -/ "() 8)#-#8'0 ','09$#$ /2 -"( "#$-/)9 /2 -"( 5'&',Q$ 6/)7() 8/,-)/0 &/0#89B !($$' _/))#$3R.1.P# $-)($$($ /, -"'- -"( (*&()#(,8($ /2 4') #, 5'&', 4()( 8/+&)("(,7(7 '$ ', #,$.)+/.,-'60( '69$$ /) ' :'& 4"#8" )($.0-(7 #, ' 7#$8/,-#,.#-9 6(-4((, -"( &)(4') ',7 -"( &/$-4') &()#/7E b  U/$"#P.,# F:')'$"# $"/4$ &(/&0( #, &/$-4') 5'&', $-).::0(7 -/ 2#,7 /.- -"( 4'9 "/4 -/ .,7()$-',7 4"'- -"(9 (*&()#(,8(7 =',7 4"'- -"(9 0/$-@ #, -"( 4')B 69 2/8.$#,: -"( 2)':+(,-$ /2 4')-#+( +(+/)#($ 0(2- #, -"( &/$-4') 5'&',Q$ 8.0-.)'0 &)/7.8-#/, ',7 $/8#'0 $-)'-(:#($E ^  c/)# L'-- &)/H#7($ ' $.::($-#H( /H()H#(4 /2 >".+', )(+,',-$ /2 5'&',Q$ (+&#)(? -")/.:" ', ','09$#$ /2 "/4 -"( >)(-.),(($? = !"#"$%&'!$  @B -"/$( 4"/ +/H(7 6'8P >"/+(? 2)/+ -"( 2/)+() 8/0/,#($B 4()( $()H(7 #+&/)-',- )/0($ #, &/$-4') 5'&',Q$ $/8#(-9 '2-() -"( (+&#)( 8/00'&$(7E Y  N9., _//'+ #,$#$-$ -"'- -"( )(/):',#1'-#/, /2 -"( &/$-4') 5'&',($( #++#:)'-#/, 8/,-)/0 )(20(8-(7 -"( &)/8($$ /2 -"( 8/00'&$( /2 -"( (+&#)( #,-/ ' ,'-#/, $-'-(E d  U'$."#P/ N#P#8"# +'#,-'#,$ -"'-B 2)/+ ' :(/&/0#-#8'0 H#(4&/#,-B -"( Ōmura  <'+& 8/,-)#6.-(7 -/ -"( 5'&',($( :/H(),3+(,-Q$ &/0#89 /2 (*&(00#,: -"( 8/0/,#1(7 &(/&0( 2)/+ 5'&',($( $/8#(-9E e  T)/+ $.8" H#(4&/#,$B #- #$ &/$$#60( -/ 7($8)#6( -"'- -"( Ōmura  <'+& 2.,8-#/,(7 ,/- /,09 '$ ' 4'#-#,: &0'8( 2/) 7(-'#,(($Q 7(&/)-'-#/,B 6.- '0$/ '$ ' $9+6/0#8 )(+,',- /2 -"( 4')-#+(f8/0/,#'0 +(+/)#($ 4#-" (,8/+&'$$#,: ' 8/,20#8- 6(-4((, 4"'- 4',-(7 -/ )(+(+6() ',7 4"'- 4',-(7 -/ 2/):(- #, &/$- 4')  5'&',E !"'- #$ -/ $'9B +',9 0'9()$ /2 $/8#'0 8/,-)'7#8-#/,$ #, &/$-4') 5'&',
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