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Polvaram Project and Other

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  E1: Polavaram Project Official name: Indira Sagar Multipurpose projectPurpose:1.To interlink Godavari (Polavaram ! ris#na ($ija%&ada just 'efore t#e% merge intosea. (o'serve map.Store &ater ) Polavaram dam* +est Godavari district.,.Irrigate -, lak# #t..general /02 M+ electricit%0.Suppl% +ater to $isak#apatanam ! $i3ag steel plant. Polavaram Project time line  1/1: idea came.  : 4nd#ra 5M 6S7 7edd% revives t#e demand for Polavaram Project  /: 4nd#ra government re8uests t#e 9nion government to start t#is project.  9nion declares it a national project ! puts it under Ministr% of +ater resource.  Odis#a ! 5##atisgar# dont like t#is. ;OT O;< =IT. T#e% got Supreme 5ourt. PartyWhy objection to Polavaram DAM?ODISHA  >eig#t of t#is dam s#ould 'e lo&.  else* our Malkangiri forest area &ill 'e su'merged in &ater. (-?0 #t.  >o&@ =ecause Godavari is fed from Sa'ari and Sileru rivers inOdis#a.  CHHATTISA!H Aam &ill su'merge villages along Sa'ari river. (-B #t. TE A#A#A Aam &ill su'merge villages of #ammam district.Polvaram project&ont give an% &ater to us. EIA <nvironmental impact assessment (<I4 sa%s C0 villages and C1.0lak# villagers &ill 'e affected.5ase pending in S5* Taarikh pe taarikh. o$ then %hy in ne%&?Polavaram Project A'thority (PPA) 1.Ma% 1* 1* 5a'inet cleared proposal to setup Polavaram Project 4ut#orit% (PP4 D for solving o'jection '% ot#er states and arranging investment for t#is project.1.5<O (I4S* Government of India &ill appoint.5#ief Secretar% of 4nd#ra ! Telangana &ill 'e nominated mem'ers. EFater 4nd#ra 5M re8uested Modi to remove Telangana c#ief Secretar% from t#is 'od%* 'ecause entire project area no& falls under 4nd#ra onl%.,.25#ief engineers from &ater* po&er Aepartment.9nion is empo&ered to create suc# 'odies under Interstate 7iver +ater Aisputes 4ct*1/0?. =ut it is not a HStatutor% 'od% until parliament approves. Polavaram Or*inance  Ma% /* 1: President promulgated an ordinance* to amend t#e 4nd#ra Prades#reorgani3ation act.  T#is alters 'oundaries 'et&een 4nd#ra ! Telangana. t#us transfers -0 villagesfrom #ammam district of Telangana to 4nd#ra Prades#  To #elp 'uilding Polavaram project. (t#ese villages &ill get su'merged  Telangana opposed.  4nd#ra state assem'l% passed a resolution* asking 9nion to create a ne& la& onPolavaram project. (To replace t#at ordinance. Anti+or*inance ar,'ment& 1.4s per Supreme 5ourts interpretation of 4rt.1,* ordinance can 'e issued onl% ineJtraordinar% situation. Polavaram is not eJtraordinar%* government could put t#is matter in parliament after a &eek. (+#en President &as making joint address to 'ot# #ouses.  .President cannot promulgate ordinance to amend 5onstitution. Onl% parliament cando so. On t#e same logic* 4rticle , sa%s Hparliament* '% la&* can form a ne& state or alter 'oundries. >ence t#is matter &as outside Presidents ordinance po&er.,.<ven for t#e sake of arguments* lets 'elieve President #as ordinance po&ers toc#ange 'oundar%. =ut even t#en #e did not o'tain t#e opinion of state legislativeassem'lies 'efore doing signing t#is ordinance..T#is sets a &rong precedence* neJt time ruling government ma% alter 'ounders in t#estates &ere it sits in opposition* citing Polavaram case study . Pro+or*inance ar,'ment& 1.T#is is not a 5onstitutional amendment..<ver%Ktime fres# reference is not necessar% to seek opinion of t#e concerned statelegislative assem'lies. E-: .'*an$'lam: 1/// MW mar$ Technolo,y $oda $oda <nergo 7eactor ($$<7L &ater cooled* &ater moderated energ%reactor. S'00lier  4tomstro%eJports* 7ussia supplied 'ot# uranium and t#e t#e $$<7 tec#nolog%.  4tomstro%eJport is a su'sidiar% of 7ussian PS9 7osatom. Ty0e lig#t &ater reactor  S'b+Ty0e Pressuri3ed &ater reactor  &ot%are $IS+4M 2'el 9ranium 3eneiciarie& 1.Tamil ;adu. arnataka,. erala.Puduc#err% ;P5IF &ill sell electricit% to t#em at 7s.,.0 per unit. 4ll t#e unallocatedelectricit% 'elongs to 9nion government. Timeline :#'$e reactor&1454 Tarapur* &it# 9S #elp. -//- udankulam construction 'egins  -/11 Peoples Movement 4gainst ;uclear <nerg% (PM4;< 'egins protests against udankulam project. -/16 4ttained critical capacit%. T#is is Indias 1 st  reactor. -/178May  Protest completes 1 da%s.  Supreme court rejects t#eir plea to appoint anot#er safet% 5ommittee for  udankulam -/1789'ne  Tamilnadu 'ecomes first state to #ave t&o operational nuke plantsvi3. .'*an$'lam  and .al0a$$am .  udankulam 'ecomes first nuclear plant to attain 1M+ capacit%  Ot#er desi nuke reactors #ave capacit% of M+ onl%.  Tata Mundra T#ermal plant BM+States &it# #ig#est nuclear energ% (Octo'er 1, data State ran$#'$e 0o%er (MW) 1.Tamilnadu1.Ma#aras#tra1,.7ajast#an11B.Gujarat* arnataka and 9ttar Prad#es#eac# &it# BB !ea&on& or *elay in reachin, 1///MW mar$: 1.So far India used Pressuri3ed Heavy Water  reactor tec#nolog%. =ut udankulamuses i,ht %ater  reactor tec#nolog%. So ;P5IF engineers #ad to 'u% coac#ingmaterial to learn #o& to use ne& tec#nolog%..4fter Nukus#ima incident* ;P5IF #ad to 'uild additional safet% measures.,.4ntiK udankulam protests* court cases. .'*an$'lam n'$e 0lant: SC reject& 0lea to a00oint 0anel-/16  4ntiKnuclear activist G. Sundarrajan filed petition in Supreme court* alleging t#at4tomic energ% regulator% 'oard (4<7= made #aste in clearing t#e udankulam plantin Tamilnadu.  Supreme court permitted construction of udankulam plant* 'ut gave strict guidelinesfor disaster management* environmental protection* nuclear leakage* regular inspection), mont#s interval etc.

histerctomi.pdf

Jul 23, 2017

SAARC Journal

Jul 23, 2017
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