Prebiotics, Probiotics and Synbiotics

Prebiotics, Probiotics and Synbiotics
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  PREBIOTICS, PROBIOTICS AND SYNBIOTICS IN   PERIODONTAL   HEALTH    I NTRODUCTION    The term „ Probiotic ' = for life”.(Greek)     First used in 1965, by Lilly and Stillwell - for describing substances secreted by one organism which stimulate the growth of another.   An expert panel commissioned by the Food and  Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) defined Probiotics as: live micro-organisms , which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host.   The bacterial genera most commonly used in probiotic preparations are Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium .  INTRODUCTION    Periodontics has entered the saga of major shifts in treatment paradigm from nonspecific to specific approach.  Now treatment options propose altering ecology of niches, in order to modify pathological plaque to a bioflim of commensalisms.  Probiotics are live microorganisms administered in adequate amounts with beneficial health effects on the host.   Probiotics nano soldiers refer to genera of organisms, which play a crucial role in halting, altering, or delaying periodontal diseases.   Traditionally, probiotics have been associated with gut health.  Last decade→  an increasing number of established and proposed health effects of probiotic bacteria have been reported,including : enhancement of the adaptive immune response, treatment or prevention of urogenital and respiratory tract infections, and prevention or alleviation of allergies and atopic disease in infants.  Recently, their beneficial effects on oral health have been suggested.   A few reports have suggested the role of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria in the prevention of oral infectious diseases such as caries and periodontal disease
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