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Preliminary Core 1 Notes'

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    Preliminary Core 1: Better Health for Individuals    Meanings of health -   Definitions of health Up until Mid 20 th   century health was defined as the “absence of illness or disease”   In 1947 WHO defined health as “a state of complete, physical, metal and social well- being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” -   Dimensions of health Physical Health: is the wellness of the body and the absence of chronic pain or discomfort.   Social health: is the ability to form and maintain positive relationships with parents, teachers and friends. It also being able to interact positively in group situations and follow accepted standards of behavior.   Spiritual health: relates to a sense of purpose and meaning in and to feeling connected with others and society   Emotional Health   Mental Heath -   Relative and dynamic nature of health Relative nature of health refers to how we judge our health compared to other people or other points of time in our lives. Health is relative to our own circumstances   Dynamic Health: the health of a person is constantly changing and never remains static. E.g. can change if you face a challenge or come across a situation that may affect the dimensions of health. Sports injury –  suffer physically, emotionally and mentally. The Health continuum: Measures a persons health at any given moment. A persons health can change in the matter of minutes, hours or days The interactions between the dimensions:    If one dimension of health is compromised, the other dimensions will be affected. For example when a person is ill they feel less inclined to interact with others and may also feel depressed. Impaired physical wellness affects the other dimensions  How health changes over time: How an individuals circumstances impacts on health: Health potential is determined by heredity, experiences, ability to make informed health decisions and access to health services      Perceptions of Health -   perceptions of their health a persons perception of health is highly subjective. These different perceptions impact the priority we place on health and the type of actions taken.   -   perceptions of the health of others -   implications of different perceptions of health On an individual level, peoples perceptions of health have a significant influence on their lifestyle choices an behaviors relating to health   -   perceptions of health as social constructs Social construct is a concept that recognizes that people have different views based on their social circumstances and ways of seeing, interpreting, interrelating and interacting with their environment   These factors have an influence on:   -   The expectations we form about our health potential -   Understanding of what good health is   -   Ability we have to act on information   -   The value we place on the importance of working to improve our health      -   Choices whether we use helth products and services   -   How we respond to challenges that affect our health and well being   -   impact of the media, peers and family MEDIA PEERS FAMILY -Includes television, magazines, print advertising - Can have a significant influence on young peoples attitudes related to health - For example tobacco advertising may influence teenagers to smoke by portraying smoking in advertisements as attractive and claiming weightloss effects - Teenagers security is usually found in the approval of their peers - Children can learn healthy or unhealthy habits by observing the behaviour of parents - Behaviors include smoking, alcointake, level of physical activity aneating patterns    Health Behaviors of Young People -   The positive health status of young people -   protective behaviors and risk behaviors Protective behaviors are those behaviors that are likely to enhance a persons level of health. For example, participating in the recommended physical activity requirements   Risk behaviors are those health behaviors that have been found to contribute to the development of health problems or poorer levels of health. For example, binge drinking, smoking.   The more health protective behaviors present in a young persons life, the greater the benefit to overall benefit of health   Behaviors relating to levels of physical activity, eating habits, sexual activity, seeking help, social connectedness and risk taking have a big impact on young peoples health.      Protective behaviors Risk behaviors Mental health - positive family environment - stress management skills - meditation - acknowledging normal people can suffer from mental health issues - exercising/eating well - understanding mental health issues can be treated and managed - not seeking help - self-harm believing mental health as a weakness Food habits - eating a well balanced diet - following Australian dietary guidelines - skipping meals - crash/fad diets - starving yourself - not eating enough for body needs Physical activity - participating in regular physical activity - understanding exercise can improve your health - over exercising - exercising when injured - choosing technology over exercise - not knowing the health benefits of participating in physical activity - not eating before exercise Body image - fixing body issues - knowing it is ok to eat a balanced diet that includes all foods, some in moderation - positive body image - coping skills - high self-esteem - FAD diets - execesively exercising - low-self esteem -interpreting magazines in the wrong way Drug use - binge drinking Sexual Health - informed how you contract a STI - abstaining from or delayinfg sexual intercourse - regular health checks - good communication skills - startinging sex early - having unprotected sexual intercourse - Not being aware of how you contract a STI Road safety - not using electronic devices while driving - recognizing risky - drink driving - speeding - road rage
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