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Pres. Perf. vs. Past Tense-ex.

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Pres. Perf. vs. Past Tense-ex.
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  Present Perfect vs. Past Tense – Exercises 1. Put in the correct verb form. ►  ? I've done (I / do) all the housework. The fat is really clean now. ? A young couple bought (buy) the house next door. But they didnt li!e there long. . #ur !isitors$$$$$$$$$$$. (arri!e). Theyre sitting in the garden.%. Theres still a proble& with the tele!ision. 'o&eone ...................................... (repair) it but then it brokedown again.. $$$$$$$$$$ (I / lose) &y bank card. I cant *nd it anywhere.+. The &atch$$$$$$$$$$.. (start). ,nited are playing well.-. y sister$$$$$$$$$$.. (run) away ro& ho&e. But she ca&e back two days later.0. 1aniel$$$$$$$$$$.. (earn) so&e &oney last week. But I& araid hes already spent it all.2. $$$$$$$$$..(we / plant) an apple tree in the garden. ,nortunately it died.3. 4rices$$$$$. .................. (go) up. 5!erything is &ore expensi!e this year.6. 'o&eone$$$$$$$$. ......... (turn) on the hi7*. 8hats that song called? 9. $$$$$$$.. (I / phone) the o:ce at ele!en to speak to the &anager but he isnt there today. . $$$$$$$.. (I / &ake) a cake. 8ould you like a piece? %. The runner A&os Te&ila$$$$$$$$$$$ (break) the world record or the -99 &etres in ;rankurt. Then two days later in <elsinki =ee 8illia&s ran it in an e!en aster ti&e. 2. Things that have happened today are on the radio and TV news. Give the news using thepresent perfect and past simpe. ►  the 4ri&e inister / !isit =uton ,ni!ersity / speak to students there / earlier today  The Prime Minister has visited Luton University. He spoke to students there earlier today. . the train dri!ers / go on strike / stop work / at twel!e oclock%. the >ueen / arri!e in Toronto / fy there / in an A; aircrat. two &en / escape ro& 4arkhurst 4rison / get away / during the night+. the actor <oward Bates / die in a car accident / his car / crash into a wall-. =inda / @ones / win the wo&ens &arathon / run it / in % hours %2 &inutes !. ompete the conversations. ►  ike This car is *lthy. I ha!ent been to the car wash or about a year. To& 8hat Cou &ean its twel!e &onths since you last went to the car wash? . =aura I ha!ent used &y ca&era recently. @une was the last ti&e I took a photo. Tre!or eally? I& surprised you .......................................................... @une.%. achel I ha!ent seen Andrew or weeks. 1aniel Dor &e. Its .................................................................................................. hi&.. To& 8hat about a ga&e o cards? 8e ha!ent played since your birthday. 1a!id eally? Cou &ean &y birthday............................................................. cards?+. 5&&a I eel terrible. Its three days since I ate anything. Eicky 8hat did you say? Cou ................ three days? #. ompete this etter to a newspaper. Put in the present perfect or past simpe. A ew days ago I ( ►   learned (learn) that so&eone plans to knock down the 8hite <orse Inn. This pub E@ hasbeen (be) the centre o !illage lie or centuries. It ( )$$$$$$$$$$$ (stand) at our crossroads or -99years. It (%)$$$$$$$$$$$ (be) a&ous in the old days and 'hakespeare once ()$$$$$$$$$$$. (stay) there they say. I (+)$$$$$$$$$$.. (li!e) in Brick*eld all &y lie. The!illagers (-)$$$$$$$$$$$$(know) about the plans or less than a week and already theres a 'a!e#ur 4ub ca&paign. =ast week we (0)$$$$$$$$$$$ (be) happy but this week were angry. 8e willstop the& youll see. $. %oo& at each conversation and choose the best sentence' a( or b(. ►  <a!e you heard about the wo&an walking across the ,'? F Ces shes reached the ockies. a)The walk is continuing b) The walk has *nished. . <a!e you e!er played beach !olleyball? F Ces we played it on holiday. a) The holiday is still going on. b) The holiday is o!er.%. 1id you know old r Green? F Do I ne!er &et hi&. a) r Green is probably ali!e b) r Green is probably dead. 1  . 8ayne @ohnson is a great ootballer. F Ces hes scored %99 goals or ,nited. a) 8ayne @ohnson still plays or ,nited b) 8ayne @ohnson has let ,nited. ). Put in this, last, today or yesterday. ►   Last &onth prices went up but this &onth they ha!e allen a little. . Its been dry so ar ............................................ week but .........$$$$$$$$.. week was !ery wet.%. I went shopping earlier ............................................and spent all the &oney Iearned ............................................. 8e didnt ha!e &any !isitors ...............................................year. 8e!e had a lot &ore ...........................year.+. I dont eel so tired now. 8e got up Huite late $$$$.. .. &orning. I elt really tired ................................when we got up so early. *. Put in the verbs.  To& ( ► ) Have you heard (you / hear) the news about 1a!id?<arriet Do. ( ) ..............................................(what / happen)? To& (%)$$$.............................. (he / ha!e) an accident. <e was walking down so&e steps. ()$$$$$$$$$$$$ (he / all) and (+)$$$$$$$$$$$.. (break) his leg.<arriet #h how awul 8hen (-)............................................... (it / happen)? To& Cesterday aternoon. elanie (0)$$$$$$$$$$$$.. (tell) &e about it last night.<arriet =ast night (2)$$$$$$$$.. (you / know) about it last night and (3)$$$$$$$....... (you / not /tell) &e To& 8ell (6) ........................................... (I / not / see) you last night. And ( 9) ........................................... (I /not / see) you today until now.<arriet I hope hes all right. ( ) ............................................. (he / ha!e) lots o accidents you know.( %) ............................... (he / do) the sa&e thing about two years ago. +. Put in the past participes of the verbs in brac&ets. ► 8e!e !ound (*nd) all the answers. . <a!e you$$$$$$$$$. (wash) the car?%. Cou ha!ent .................................. (eat) !ery &uch.. They!e$$$$$$$.. ......... (open) a new super&arket.+. Cou!e$$$$$$$$$$$ (write) it in pencil.-. I!e$$$$$$$$$ ...... (&ake) the sandwiches.0. 8e!e$$$$.. ...................... (ha!e) our lunch.2. ,nited ha!e$$$$$$$.. ......... (score) a goal.3. The balloon has$$$$$$ ..................(land) in a *eld.6. 8hos$$$$$$$$$$.. (break) this glass? 9. Its war& because the heating has ....................................... (be) on. . <a!e you .......................................(sell) your fat yet? %. I!e$$$$$$$$$$$ (*nish) that Job at last. ,. ompete the second sentence so that it foows on from the -rst. se the present perfect. ►  y hair is tidy now. I!e brushed &y hair. . The door is open. 'o&eone ......................................... the door.%. This is #li!ers drawing look. #li!er ........$$$$...............a picture.. The calculator is broken. 'o&eone$$$$$$$$$$$ the calculator.+. ,nited are the winners. ,nited...................................$. the ga&e.-. Theres no &ore wine in the bottle. 8e ....................................... all the wine.0. The foor is clean now. I ....................................... the foor.2. I know &y nu&ber now. I$$$$$$$$$. .....&y nu&ber by heart.3. The guests are here now. The guests .......................................6. I& still working on the co&puter. I....................................... with the co&puter yet. 1/. 0ecide which word is correct. ► Id like to borrow this book. <as Anna read it  yet  ? a) done b) or c) Just d) yet . Ben writes !ery Huickly. <es$$$$$$$$$$.. *nished his essay. a) already b)been c) or d) yet%. 8hat are you going to do? F I dont know. I ha!ent decided ........ . a) Just b) long c)since d) yet 2  . I!e........................................ to =ondon. I went there in @une. a) been b) gone c) Just d) yet+. <a!e you ......................................done any skiing? a) e!er b) or c) Justd) long-. y boyriend hasnt rung$$$$$$$$$$ week. a) or b) last c)since d) this0. I ha!ent seen that coat beore. <ow ..........................................ha!e you had it? a) already b) or c)long d) since2. The girls ha!e .............. to the cine&a. They wont be back until ten oclock. a) already b) been c)gone d) Just3. I ha!ent seen &y parents .......................................... last Khrist&as. a) already b) beore c)or d) since6. This is the *rst .................................. I!e e!er li!ed away ro& ho&e. a) already b) since c that d) ti&e 9. This progra&&e &ust be new. I!e ..........................................seen it beore. a) e!er b) ne!er c)since d) yet 11. ome of these sentences are correct' and some have a word which shoud not be there. f thesentence is correct' put a tic& 34(. f it is incorrect' cross the unnecessary have or has out of thesentence and write it in the space. ►  ? 'usan has lost her keys. 'he cant *nd the& anywhere. L ? Khristopher has hurt his hand but its #M now. has . The directors ha!e arri!ed hal an hour ago but they didnt stay long.%. Its raining and 4eter has let his u&brella behind look.. Its a long ti&e since your riends ha!e last !isited us.+. Done o you ha!e called &e or weeks. Arent we riends any &ore?-. 8e can play tennis now. The others ha!e *nished.0. The co&pany has bought so&e land but then it sold it.2. The co&puter isnt on now. 'o&eone has turned it oN.3. Tessa has posted the parcel. Its on its way to you.6. 'e!eral bo&bs ha!e gone oN in the city centre. It has happened an hour ago. 9. 'i&on has let. <e and #li!er ha!e let ater lunch. 12. Put in the present perfect or past simpe of the verbs in brac&ets. ►  ? I've had (ha!e) these shoes since &y eighteenth birthday. ? I tidied (tidy) &y desk but now its in a &ess again. . The last ti&e I ............................................... (go) to Brighton was in August.%. Id like to &eet a ghost but I .................................................(ne!er / see) one.. I!e *nished &y ho&ework. I ....................................... (do) it beore tea.+. And the race is o!er And ickey 'i&pson................................................ (win) in a record ti&e-. I ................... (work) or a co&puter co&pany or a year. That was ater college.0. 8hat ti&e .................................................(you / get) to work this &orning?2. artin ............................... (be) to Greece *!e ti&es. <e lo!es the place.3. The 4resident .............. (co&e) out o the building and is going to &ake a speech.6. Cou wont belie!e this but I!e got so&e tickets or the concert. F #h well done. <ow ........................ (you /get) the&? 9. # course I can ride a bike. But I ..........$$$. ....................(not / ride) one or years. . arilyn onroe..................................................(be) in about thirty *l&s. %. .................. (you / e!er / bake) your own bread? F Do but I &ight try it so&e ti&e. . @anet .................................. (be) !ery ill three years ago. +. upert has let a &essage or you. <e .............................................(ring) last night. -. $$$$$$$$$$$$$.. (you / see) the news today? F Do not yet. Ill watch it at ten. 0. 8e &o!ed here in 66. 8e..................................................(be) here a long ti&e now. 1!. hoose a verb with either the present perfect or past simpe for these sentences. agree appear continue disappear move reach show solve write ► .   esearch has shown  that cycling can help patients o!erco&e their illnesses.%. The rabbit Just $$$$$$$$$ in &y garden one day last week.. 8ith this pro&otion I eel that I $$$$$$$$$.. a turning point in &y career.+. #h no y car $$$$$$$$$$.-. >uite early in the negotiations they $$$$$$$$$. to lower the prices.0. In 233 he $$$$$$$$$ his last great work in Eienna. 3  2 .Theres not &uch &ore to do now that we $$$$$$$$. the &ain proble&.3. Throughout the su&&er o 639 alcol& $$$$$$. to di!ide his ti&e between =ondon and Dew Cork.6. 8hen he was  his parents $$$$$$$$$$ to the ,nited 'tates. 1#. uggest a verb that can compete both sentences in each pair. se either the present perfector the past simpe. . a. The price o houses $$$$$$ dra&atically in recent years. b. ,ne&ploy&ent $$$$$$$$. e!ery year until 63- and then started to all.%. a. At his wedding he $$$$$$$. a green suit and red tie. b. These are the glasses I $$$$$$$$.. e!er since I was 9.. a. The co&pany $$$$$$$$.. &any setbacks in its -97year history but it is now fourishing. b. ;ew o the trees in our !illage $$$$$$$$. the stor&s during the winter o 66 .+. a. This $$$$$.. his ho&e or o!er %9 years and he doesnt want to lea!e it. b. 8hen I picked up the coNee I $$$$$$$$. surprised to *nd it that it was cold.-. a. 'o ar its been so cold that we $$$$$$$$$$ in the house all day. b. 8e $$$$$$$$.. with ike and 'ue last weekend.0. a. I last $$$$$$$$$$ you in BeiJing three years ago. b. I ne!er $$$$$$$$.. anyone play so well in &y whole lie. 1$. 5ind the foowing6 3i( three sentences that are incorrect7 3ii( three sentences with thepresent perfect which coud aso have the past simpe 3consider the di8erence in meaning(' 3iii(three sentences where ony the present perfect is correct. ► . @ane has agreed to lend us her car. (ii)%. 1o you know how &any people ha!e walked on the &oon?. 4hone or an a&bulance. I think Meiths broken his ar&.+. In his twenties =awrence has spent &any years tra!elling around 'pain.-. The Eikings ha!e established a settle&ent at what is now Cork in the north o 5ngland.0. The house looks so &uch bigger now that we!e painted the walls in brighter colours.2. y brother has gone into town to buy so&e new shoes.3. The 5arth has been or&ed about +-99 &illion years ago.6. I!e worked in alaysia or three years. 1). ompete these sentences with the verb given. hoose the present perfect or past simpe.   . According to yesterdays newspapers astrono&ers in Australia $$$$$$$$$$ a planet in a galaxyclose to our own. (disco!er)%. To help todays custo&ers &ake a choice a co&pany in Dew Cork $$$$$$$$$ a !ideo trolley 7 asuper&arket trolley with a !ideo screen to display ad!ertise&ents and price inor&ation. (de!elop). At the start o his career Kousteau $$$$$$$$ the aHualung opening the oceans to explorersscientists and leisure di!ers. (in!ent)+. <e proudly told reporters that the co&pany $$$$$$$$$ sotware to pre!ent the recent increase inco&puter cri&e. (produce)-. @ohn Grigg $$$$$$$$.. the co&et now called Grigg7'kJellerup at the beginning o the %9 th  century.(disco!er) 1*. ompete the sentences with appropriate verbs. se the same verb for each sentence in thepair. se either the present perfect or the past simpe. . a. A lot o people $$$$$$. about the painting and I always say its not or sale. b. The police $$$$$$$$ &e se!eral Huestions about &y car beore they let &e go.%. a. ,ntil she retired last &onth she $$$$$$$$$ in the custo&er co&plaints depart&ent. b. 'ulli!an $$$$$$$$ hard to change the rules and says that the ca&paign will go on.. a. I $$$$$$$$$.. skiing e!er since I li!ed in 'witOerland. b. 'he once $$$$$$$$ the support o the &aJority o the 1e&ocratic 4arty.+. a. <is ather $$$$$$$. so &any co&plaints about the noise that he told Khris to sell his dru&s. b. 8e $$$$$$$$. o!er -9 letters o support in the last 9 days.-. a. The ible .................................. &ore copies than any other book. b. 8hen it beca&e clear that we would be &o!ing to Austria we $$$$$$$$ the house to &y brother.0. a. I $$$$$$$$.. &o!ing to =ondon ro& the day I arri!ed. Id lo!e to go back to o&e. b. At *rst I $$$$$$$$$$.. in!iting the& to stay but we soon beca&e great riends. 1+. 9ere are some parts of a newspaper artice. tudy the underined verbs. orrect them if necessary' or put a 4. 4
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