Tagala ,Angelica A. BSA22A1 VALUES 1).The regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something. A personal value is absolute or relative and ethical value, the assumption of which can be the basis for ethical action. A value system is a set of consistent values and measures. A principle value is a foundation upon which other values and measures ofintegrity are
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  Tagala Angelica A. BSA22A1 VALUES   1).The regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something.    A personal value  is absolute or relative and ethical value, the assumption of which can be the basis for ethical action. A  value system  is a set of consistent values and measures. A   principle value  is a foundation upon which other values and measures ofintegrity are based.  The regard that something is held to deserve; theimportance, worth, or  usefulness of   something: your  support is of great value     2).Values  are traits or qualities that are considered worthwhile; they represent your highest priorities and deeply held driving forces. When you are part of any organization, you bring your deeply held values and beliefs to the organization. There they co-mingle with those of the other members of the company to create an organization or family culture. 3).Occurs over a lifetime and is ongoing ã Developed by hearing, seeing, experiencing, feeling, thinking ã Not all values are equal all the time   ã Explicit and Implicit   ã Nature vs. nurture (love, caring)   ã Influenced by social norms and c ontext (respect, honor, integrity) ã Personal and individualized   ã Developmental   ã Interconnection among traits   4).Family Values  (Respect) (Industry) (Frugality) (Thoughtfulness) (Kindness or good behavior) (Dependability) (Obedience) Servitude) Spiritual Values  (God-fearing) (Piousness) (Being a mass-goer) (Devotion) (Kindness or good behavior) (Proper morals) Relationship Values  (Relationg to other people well) (returning a favor) (Being people oriented) (Having a word of honor) (Humility) (Dependability) Workplace Values  (Industry) (Being organized) (Frugality)  (helpfulness) (Initiative) (Getting along well) (Cheerfulness) (Resourcefulness) (Dependability) (Ingenuity) (Word of honor) (Service) (Integrity) Community Values  (Respect for the Law) (Charity) (Getting along well) Delcadeza (Probity) (Clean reputation) (Integrity) (Proper Morals) There are many Filipino values; I can only give you some, but there are much much more! Hospitality is one of the values that tourists from around the world notice first every time they visit the Philippines. Filipinos took great care of their guests , making sure that they're comfortable and happy in their stay. Filipinos are also family oriented. They value greatly their families, which is always on top of their priorities. Filipinos are also happy people, always smiling and never forget to have a good laugh amidst the problems and hardships that come their ways. Filipinos are very respectful. They show respect to their elders by saying 'po' and 'opo' and kissing their hands. Filipinos are also religious. They devote time to reconnect with God. They have strong faith, believing that problems and adversities in life will surpass with the help and providence of God. 5).  Rationalism  is the view that regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge or any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification .More formally, rationalism is defined as a methodology or atheory in which the criterion of the truth is not sensory but intellectual and deductive .Rationalists believe reality has an intrinsically logical structure. 6). Moral values Moral values  are the standards of good and evil, which govern an individual's behavior and choices. Individual's morals  may derive from society and government, religion, or self. When moral values  derive from society and government they, of necessity, may change as the laws and morals  of the society change. 7). There are at least two senses in which the term philosophy is used: a formal and an informal sense. In the formal sense, philosophy is an academic study of the fields aesthetics, ethics, epistemology, logic, metaphysics, as well as social andpolitical philosophy. One's philosophy of life is philosophy in the informal sense, as a way of life whose focus is resolving the existential questions about the human condition  8). As the Catechism of the Catholic Church affirms, “the human person, made in the image of God, is a being at once corporeal and spiritual” (no. 362). The human body is human  and living   precisely because it is animated by a spiritual soul (ibid, no. 364). So closely united are body and soul in the human person that one must consider the soul to be the “form” of the “body.”  It is only because it is animated by a spiritual soul that the body in question is a living, human body. As Pope John Paul II has said, the human person’s “rational soul is    per se et essentialiter    the form of his body,” and the “person, including his body, is completely entrusted to himself, and it is in the unity of body and soul that the person is the subject of his own moral acts.”    9).  In the final stages of many terminal illnesses, care priorities tend to shift. Instead of ongoing curative measures, the focus often changes to palliative care for the relief of pain, symptoms, and emotional stress. Ensuring a loved one's final months, weeks, or days are as good as they can be requires more than just a series of care choices. Anticipating the demands of end-of-life caregiving can help ease the journey from care and grief towards acceptance and healing. Understanding late-stage care In the final stages of life-limiting illness, it can become evident that in spite of the best care, attention, and treatment, your loved one is approaching the end of his or her life. The patient's care continues, although the focus shifts to making the patient as comfortable as possible. Depending on the nature of the illness and the patient’s circumstances, this final stage period may last from a matter of weeks or months to several years. During this time, palliative care measures can provide the patient with medication and treatments to control pain and other symptoms, such as constipation, nausea, or shortness of breath. Even with years of experience, caregivers often find the last stages of life uniquely challenging. Simple acts of daily care are often combined with complex end-of-life decisions and painful feelings of bereavement. End-of-life caregiving requires support, available from a variety of sources such as home health agents, nursing home personnel, hospice providers, and palliative care physicians. Identifying the need for end-of-life care There isn’t a single specific point in an illness when end -of-life care begins; it very much depends on the individual. In the case of Alzheimer’s disease, the patient’s doctor likely provided you with information on stages in the diagnosis. These stages can provide general guidelines for understanding the progression of  Alzheimer’s symptoms and planning appropriate care. For other life -limiting illnesses, the following are signs that you may want to talk to your loved one about palliative, rather than curative care options:    The patient has made multiple trips to the emergency room, their condition has been stabilized, but the illness continues to progress significantly, affecting their quality of life    Th ey’ve been admitted to the hospital several times within the last year with the same or worsening symptoms    They wish to remain at home, rather than spend time in the hospital    They have decided to stop receiving treatments for their disease Patient and caregiver needs in late-stage care    Practical care and assistance.  Perhaps your loved one can no longer talk, sit, walk, eat, or make sense of the world. Routine activities, including bathing, feeding, toileting, dressing, and turning may require total support and increased physical strength on the part of the caregiver. These tasks can be supported by personal care assistants, a hospice team, or physician-ordered nursing services.    Comfort and dignity.   Even if the patient’s cognitive and memory functions are dep leted, their capacity to feel frightened or at peace, loved or lonely, and sad or secure remains. Regardless of  location — home, hospital, hospice facility — the most helpful interventions are those which ease discomfort and provide meaningful connections to family and loved ones.    Respite Care.  Respite care can give you and your family a break from the intensity of end-of-life caregiving. It may be simply a case of having a hospice volunteer sit with the patient for a few hours so you can meet friends for coffee or watch a movie, or it could involve the patient having a brief inpatient stay in a hospice facility.    Grief support.    Anticipating your loved one’s death can produce reactions from relief to sadness to feeling numb. Consulting bereavement specialists or spiritual advisors before your loved one’s death can help you and your family prepare for the coming loss. End-of-life planning: decisions in late-stage care When caregivers, family members, and loved ones are clear about the patient’s preferences for trea tment in the final stages of life, they’re free to devote their energy to care and compassion. To ensure that everyone in the family understands the patient’s wishes, it’s important for anyone diagnosed with a life -limiting illness to discuss their feelings with loved ones before a medical crisis strikes.    Prepare early.  The end-of-life journey is eased considerably when conversations regarding placement, treatment, and end-of-life wishes are held as early as possible. Consider hospice and palliative care services, spiritual practices, and memorial traditions before they are needed.    Seek financial and legal advice while your loved one can participate. Legal documents such as a living will, power of attorney, or advance directive can set forth a patient’s wishes for future health care so family members are all clear about his or her preferences.    Focus on values.  If your loved one did not prepare a living will or advance directive while competent to do so, act on what you know   or feel   his or her wishes are. Make a list of conversations and events that illustrate his or her views. To the extent possible, consider treatment, placement, and decisions about dying from the patient’s vantage point.      Address family conflicts.  Stress and grief resulting from a loved o ne’s deterioration can often create conflict between family members. If you are unable to agree on living arrangements, medical treatment, or end-of-life directives, ask a trained doctor, social worker, or hospice specialist for mediation assistance.    Communicate with family members.  Choose a primary decision maker who will manage information and coordinate family involvement and support. Even when families know their loved one’s wishes, implementing decisions for or against sustaining or life -prolonging treatments requires communication and coordination. If children are involved, make efforts to include them. Children need honest, age-appropriate information about your loved one’s condition and any changes they perceive in you. They can be deeply affected by   situations they don’t understand, and may benefit from drawing pictures or using puppets to simulate feelings, and hearing stories that explain events in terms they can grasp.
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