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1. Phobias Definition: What are the common phobias? Give at least four examples: 1) 2) 3) 4) Name one phobia which is not mentioned in you psychology text book: 2. Using…
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  • 1. Phobias Definition: What are the common phobias? Give at least four examples: 1) 2) 3) 4) Name one phobia which is not mentioned in you psychology text book:
  • 2. Using your knowledge of Pavlov’s classical conditioning, complete the table below of Little Albert’s responses to white rats. Stimulus Response Before No fear conditioning response starts Before Loud Noise conditioning (UCS) starts During Trials Fear response When White rat (CS) conditioning has occurred. In the psychology of phobias, what is meant by the term ‘generalisation’ and ‘extinction’?
  • 3. Match the correct boxes of Operant Conditioning words and meanings: This weakens the behaviour, as the consequence of the action is unpleasant for the individual. Positive Behaviour can be Reinforcement strengthened if the behaviour stops something unpleasant. Negative Reinforcement The fear or phobia is still present but the individual has found a strategy to Avoidance evade the unpleasantness Learning it brings. Punishment When behaviour bring consequences which are pleasant for the individual, which he or she is likely to repeat.
  • 4. Operant and Classical Conditioning have similarities and differences; complete these in the table below: Classical Operant Conditioning Conditioning What behaviour can be conditioned? Why does learning occur? How certain is behaviour? Can new behaviour be created? List two strengths and two weaknesses of both Classical and Operant conditioning. ☻ ☻
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