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1. D R R E EE E E A AA M S S<br />esign<br />Design:<br /><ul><li> Is it a experimental design or a non-experimental design? 2. Why is the…
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  • 1. D R R E EE E E A AA M S S<br />esign<br />Design:<br /><ul><li> Is it a experimental design or a non-experimental design?
  • 2. Why is the design used appropriate?
  • 3. How are participants grouped?
  • 4. Independent groups
  • 5. Repeated measures
  • 6. Matched Pairs
  • 7. Why is the design used appropriate?
  • 8. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?</li></li></ul><li>D RR E EE E E A AA M S S<br />eplicability<br />Replicability:<br /><ul><li> Would it be possible to repeat this study?
  • 9. If you did, do you think you would get the same results?
  • 10. If not, why is this?</li></li></ul><li>DR R E EE E E A AA M S S<br />eductionism<br />Reductionism<br /><ul><li>Does this theory/study reduce a complex behaviour to a simple explanation?
  • 11. Does this theory/study not take into account other explanations?
  • 12. Why is this a bad thing?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEE E E A AA M S S<br />cological<br /> validity<br />Ecological Validity:<br /><ul><li> Does this study accurately reflect a real-life situation? If this is a lab experiment, then the answer is likely to be no
  • 13. Why is this bad?
  • 14. Could anything have been done to avoid this?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEE E E A AA M S S<br />xtrapolation<br />Extrapolation:<br /><ul><li> Extrapolation means making assumptions from something that is known
  • 15. Does this theory/study make a big leap from their results to get to the conclusion?
  • 16. Does this theory/study fail to explain the processes involved in any aspect? </li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEE A AA M S S<br />vidence<br />Evidence<br /><ul><li> Are there other studies that offer support for this study/theory?
  • 17. Does this study/theory prompt further research?
  • 18. Are the findings of this study/theory very strong or could they be improved?
  • 19. Is the basis of the evidence relevant to human behaviour now? (think here particularly about evolutionary evidence)</li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEE A AA M S S<br />thics<br />Ethics<br /><ul><li> Is there any element of deception involved in this study? (and therefore any problems with consent)
  • 20. Are the participants able to give consent? (think about their age, mental health, and especially if its a natural experiment)
  • 21. Could the participants have been caused any harm (physical or psychological)?
  • 22. Were participants debriefed and could they withdraw?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEE A AA M S S<br />thnocentric<br />Ethnocentrism:<br /><ul><li> A study/theory is ethnocentric if it was only conducted in one culture
  • 23. Where was this study conducted?
  • 24. Does it have any cross-cultural support?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEEAAA M S S<br />pproach<br />Approach:<br /><ul><li> Is this study/theory closely allied to a particular approach? (i.e. Biological, learning (behaviourism/social learning), cognitive, psychodynamic)
  • 25. Does it accept/acknowledge or even better combine more than one?
  • 26. What would other approaches criticise about this theory/study?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEEAAA M S S<br />pplicability<br />Applicability:<br /><ul><li> Is this study generalisable?
  • 27. Is this study valid (does it measure what it set out to measure)?
  • 28. If not, why?
  • 29. Could there be any improvements to make this study more applicable?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEEAAA M S S<br />ndrocentrism<br />Androcentrism:<br /><ul><li> A study is androcentric if it only applies to men (and therefore if it has gender bias in the sample)
  • 30. Why is it a problem?
  • 31. Could a replication solve this problem?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEEAAAM S S<br />ethodology<br />Methodology:<br /><ul><li>Does the method of this study results in demand characteristics or researcher bias causing a problem?
  • 32. Would a different type of deisgn (lab/field/natural or non-experimental) have been more appropriate?
  • 33. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the method used?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEEAAA M SS<br />ample<br />Sample:<br /><ul><li>How was the sample selected?
  • 34. Opportunity
  • 35. Random
  • 36. Self-selected
  • 37. Stratified
  • 38. Systematic
  • 39. What are the advantages/disadvantages of this?
  • 40. Is there any bias in the sample?</li></li></ul><li>DR REEEEEAAA M S S<br />ocio-political<br />Socio-political impact:<br /><ul><li>How could the conclusions of this study be used in society to benefit people?
  • 41. Could the conclusions could be used to cause discrimination or prejudice?
  • 42. Is there any evidence that anything has happened/been implemented as a result?</li></ul>impact<br />
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