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1. Greenhead College Psychology Department ___________________________________________________________________________ Unit G541 Psychological Investigations Past…
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  • 1. Greenhead College Psychology Department ___________________________________________________________________________ Unit G541 Psychological Investigations Past Examination Questions for Self Report Correlation Experiment Observation /home/pptfactory/temp/20091002111514/psychexchangecouk-shared-resource1801.doc
  • 2. Self Report Questions 2
  • 3. Self report method questions June 2009 Psychological Investigations Exam. A researcher is interested in finding out why students at a large sixth form college have decided to study psychology. He is going to use a self report questionnaire. 1(a)Suggest one open and one closed question that could be used to investigate subject choice. (4) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 1(b)Discuss the validity of the closed question you have suggested using. (4) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 2(a)Suggest how the researcher could use a random sampling technique to get 40 psychology students to complete the questionnaire. (2) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 2(b)Evaluate the use of random sampling in this study. (4) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 3
  • 4. ___________________________________________________________________________ 3(a) What is quantitative data ? (2) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 3(b)Outline one strength and one weakness of quantitative data in this study. (4) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 4
  • 5. January 2009 Psychological Investigations Exam A psychologist is interested in investigating people’s beliefs in the paranormal (e.g. ghosts, telepathy, unidentified flying objects) and decides to use a self-report measure to conduct their study. 1 Describe how a self-selecting sampling technique could be used to obtain participants for this study. [3 marks] _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 2 (a) Explain what is meant by an ‘open question’ and a ‘closed question’. [4] _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ (b) Outline one strength and one weakness of using open questions in a study investigating people’s belief in the paranormal. [4] _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ (c) Outline one strength and one weakness of using closed questions in a study investigating people’s belief in the paranormal. [4] _________________________________________________________________________ 5
  • 6. _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 3 (a)Suggest a question that participants could be asked in this study, using a rating scale. [2] ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4) Outline one advantage of using a question involving a rating scale in this study. [3] ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 6
  • 7. Self Report Question 1 from Fiona Lintern’s book A psychology teacher wishes to investigate whether her students are enjoying their AS course. She decides to use a self report method. (1) Suggest one open ended question and one closed question that could be used for this investigation. (4 marks) __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ (2) Outline one strength and one weakness of using a self report method for this investigation. ( 6 marks) __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ (3) Describe and evaluate how an alternative method could be used for this investigation. (10) __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 7
  • 8. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 8
  • 9. Self Report Question 2. A researcher conducted a survey to see whether males and females looked for the same things in a partner. He asked them to rate the following characteristics on a scale from 1-10, where 1 is ‘not important to me at all’ and 10 is ‘extremely important.’ • Physical attractiveness • Intelligence • Wealth • Kindness • Sense of humour The researchers used an opportunity sample of 20 sixth form students (10 male and 10 female) from a large city in the UK. The results are shown in the table. Average rating Characteristics Males Females Physical attractiveness 6.5 5 Intelligence 5 7 Wealth 5.2 5.9 Kindness 6.9 8.5 Sense of humour 4.3 5.8 (1) Outline two conclusions that could be drawn from the table. (4 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (2) Sketch a fully labelled bar chart displaying the results for any one characteristic. (4 marks) 9
  • 10. (3)(a) Suggest two problems with the way that this research has been conducted. (4 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (b)Suggest a way of overcoming one of these problems and discuss the effect this might have on results. (8 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 10
  • 11. Self report question 3. You have been asked to design a piece of research to investigate parents’ use of physical punishment. You have decided to use a self report method. (1) Suggest how you might obtain an appropriate sample of participants for this study. (4 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (2) Outline two ethical issues that you would need to consider and how you would deal with these. (8 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 11
  • 12. (3) Outline two methodological problems that you might encounter when conducting this research and suggest what effect these problems might have on the results of this study. (8 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 12
  • 13. Correlation questions 13
  • 14. Correlation Question 1 A psychology teacher wishes to see if there is a correlation between her students’ liking for psychology and the score they achieve on a classroom test. She asks them to rate their enjoyment of psychology on a 1-10 scale where 1 is ‘I don’t enjoy psychology at all’ and 10 is ‘I enjoy psychology more than any other subject I have studied.’ She then gave her students a multiple choice test with 20 questions covering the material they had been studying over the past few weeks. The results are shown in the table. Participant Enjoyment of psychology Score on a 20 question self rating multiple choice test 1 10 18 2 10 20 3 8 19 4 8 15 5 8 16 6 7 13 7 5 10 8 5 12 9 4 2 10 1 0 (1) Suggest an appropriate hypothesis for this study. (4 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (2)From the data in the table: (a)What is the modal score for the enjoyment of psychology ? (1 mark) ___________________________________________________________________________ (b)What is the median result for the multiple choice test ? (1 mark) ___________________________________________________________________________ 14
  • 15. (c) Sketch a scattergraph of the data given in the table. (4 marks) (3)(a)Suggest one problem with the measurement of enjoyment and one problem with the measurement of achievement. (4 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (b)Describe and evaluate an alternative way of measuring one of these variables. (6 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 15
  • 16. Correlation question 2. (specimen question) A researcher has conducted a correlational study to investigate the relationship between how good people think their memory is and how well they do on a memory test. The first variable was ‘self rating of memory’ and was measured by asking people to rate their memory on a 10 point scale. (where 1 is ‘very poor’ and 10 is ‘excellent’). The second variable was ‘actual memory’ and this was measured by showing them a video of a minor road accident and asking them a series of 10 eyewitness questions. The results are shown in the table. Participant number Memory self rating Score on memory test 1 3 5 2 4 6 3 5 4 4 8 8 5 9 7 6 10 9 7 7 6 8 7 8 9 5 6 10 6 7 (1) (a) Sketch an appropriately labelled scattergraph displaying the results. (4 marks) (b)Outline one conclusion that can be drawn from these results. (3 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 16
  • 17. (2)Suggest one problem with the way that ‘self rating of memory’ has been measured in this investigation. (3 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (3)Describe and evaluate two other ways in which ‘actual memory’ might be measured. (10) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________
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