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1. ‘In this Study’ Questions: Social and Physiological This activity requires you to contextualise the answer. This is a MUST if you want a serious grade and not pass…
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  • 1. ‘In this Study’ Questions: Social and Physiological This activity requires you to contextualise the answer. This is a MUST if you want a serious grade and not pass by the skin of your teeth. Remember contextualise means give a SPECIFIC finding or detail from the study that supports the point being made. In section a the context will get you the second marks! Question 1: Outline why Milgram’s study may be argued as high in ecological validity? Milgram’s study may be seen as high in ecological validity as the task was believed to be real! IN THIS STUDY the evidence of this was participants were sweating, biting their nails and one participant even had a seizure. Question 2: Outline why the Milgram study may be argued as being low in ecological validity? One reason it is low in ecological validity is the situation is not a realistic one. In this study it is not realistic because _______________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 3: Suggest 1 reason why the participants were obedient in the Milgram study? One reason may have been that the situation was in a well respected institution. In this study the institution was ______________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 4: Describe one ethical issue in the Milgram study One ethical issue from the milgram study was protection from harm. In this study this was an issue because ___________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 5: Describe how permeability was created in the Reicher and Haslam study. Permeability means the ability to change. Reicher and Haslam wanted permeability between the groups of prisoners and guards. In this study this was achieved by _________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 6: Describe the proposed intervention that was not used in the Reicher and Haslam study The intervention that was not used by Reicher and Haslam was legitimacy. Legitimacy means something is right. In this study legitimacy of the transfer of one prisoner to a guard was to be questioned by ______________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________
  • 2. Question 7: State one conclusion from the Reicher and Haslam study Reicher and Haslam suggested that the study showed that the break down of group identity was the reason why conformity breaks down and conflict occurs. In this study the finding that suggested this was ______________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 8: In the piliavin study what is meant by the term ‘diffusion of responsibility? The term diffusion of responsibility means that people will defer the responsibility to act if there are others in the situation. In this study participants deferred ____________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 9: Describe one ethical issue that was a problem in the Piliavin et al study An ethical issue with the Piliavin study is participants right to informed consent. In this study this was an issue because ____________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 10: Outline a practical problem with the piliavin study One practical problem with the piliavin study was having a different sample every time the procedure was conducted. In this study this was a problem because __________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 11: Describe one finding of the Maguire study. One finding of the study was that there was a significant difference between the hippocampi of the taxi drivers and non taxi drivers. In this study the difference was _________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 12: Describe one brain scanning technique used by Maguire. One technique used by Maguire was MRI. In this study MRI scanning was _____________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 13: Explain the term positive correlation. The term positive correlation means that as one thing increases so does another thing. In the piliavin study there was a ____________________________________________________
  • 3. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 14: Explain how Dement and Kleitman collected data on dreaming [4 marks] Dement and Kleitman used an EEG machine and self reports to collect data on dreaming. In this study the EEG machine was used to ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ The self reports were used to __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 15: Describe one limitation of using an EEG machine to collect data in the Dreaming study. EEG data was a limitation because it is only quantitative data. In this study it is a limitation as _______________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 16: Describe the major function of the corpus callosum. The corpus callosum is the ‘message centre of the brain’. It sends information across the hemispheres of the brain. In the Sperry study the information that should have been sent by the CC was ________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 17: Explain what the left visual field meant in the Sperry study. The left visual field is what a person sees on the left side of a focal point. In this study the left visual field ______________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Question 18: Why would normal people have no problem with the Sperry tasks? Normal people have a complete corpus callosum which would allow information to be passed from one hemisphere to another. In this study ____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________
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