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1. Approaches Can you beat each other? 2. Welcome to Eggheads! <ul><li>Each round is made up of questions from one of the approaches…
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  • 1. Approaches Can you beat each other?
  • 2. Welcome to Eggheads! <ul><li>Each round is made up of questions from one of the approaches </li></ul><ul><li>In your teams, decide who will answer questions from each approach, going head to head with the other team </li></ul><ul><li>There will be no conferring among team members </li></ul><ul><li>The first three questions are multiple choice, then we enter ‘sudden death’ </li></ul><ul><li>If you lose your round you will not be able to participate in the final round </li></ul>
  • 3. Let’s play…
  • 4. Cognitive questions <ul><li>Who will go first? </li></ul><ul><li>Set 1 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul><ul><li>Set 2 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul>1 1 2 3 SD SD SD 2 SD SD 3 SD
  • 5. Set 1 question 1 <ul><li>What is the mind likened to in this approach? </li></ul><ul><li>TV </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Computer </li></ul>
  • 6. Set 1 question 2 <ul><li>In rational emotive therapy, what is the therapist trying to challenge? </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts </li></ul>
  • 7. Set 1 question 3 <ul><li>What is another name for an internal attribution? </li></ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul><ul><li>Situational </li></ul><ul><li>Dispositional </li></ul>
  • 8. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Who is the subject of case studies in the cognitive approach? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Brain-damaged patients </li></ul><ul><li>Bonus for team: why are they used? </li></ul>
  • 9. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. In RET, what does the patient have to do outside therapy? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Any of the following – take behavioural risks or learn about therapy </li></ul>
  • 10. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Why is the cognitive approach deterministic? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Assumes that behaviour is a result of internal processing of the environment – beyond free will </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS FOR TEAM: GIVE TWO OTHER WEAKNESSES OF THIS APPROACH </li></ul>
  • 11. Set 2 question 1 <ul><li>Which of these is not an internal process from the approach? </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Hormones </li></ul>
  • 12. Set 2 question 2 <ul><li>In Ellis’ ABC model, what is the d for? </li></ul><ul><li>Denying thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Doubting thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Disputing beliefs </li></ul>
  • 13. Set 2 question 3 <ul><li>One of the following has to happen to make an internal attribution, which is it? </li></ul><ul><li>High social desirability </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberate action </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental behaviour </li></ul>
  • 14. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Laboratory Experiments are used to study what, in the Cognitive approach? </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Mental Processes </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS FOR TEAM: WHAT ARE THEY? </li></ul>
  • 15. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. According to the Cognitive Approach, what causes mental illness? </li></ul><ul><li>Faulty thought processes </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS FOR TEAM: NAME AND EXPLAIN TWO TYPES OF FAULTY THINKING </li></ul>
  • 16. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. To make an internal attribution based on a single event the behaviour has to be what? </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberate, have distinctive consequences, low in social desirability </li></ul>
  • 17. Psychodynamic questions <ul><li>Who will go first? </li></ul><ul><li>Set 1 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul><ul><li>Set 2 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul>1 1 2 3 SD SD SD 2 SD SD 3 SD
  • 18. Set 1 question 1 <ul><li>What are the two motivations in the unconscious mind? </li></ul><ul><li>Anger and lust </li></ul><ul><li>Libido and thanatos </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus and Electra </li></ul>
  • 19. Set 1 question 2 <ul><li>In dream analysis, what is the therapy trying to do? </li></ul><ul><li>Repress unconscious thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to the id </li></ul><ul><li>Provide catharsis </li></ul>
  • 20. Set 1 question 3 <ul><li>Using case studies to gather data makes the approach what? </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Idiographic </li></ul><ul><li>Nomothetic </li></ul>
  • 21. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. At which stage would you be fixated if you had a narcissistic personality? </li></ul><ul><li>Phallic </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS FOR TEAM: WHY THIS PERSONALITY? </li></ul>
  • 22. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. A person who is selfish and demanding is dominated by which part of the personality? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Id </li></ul>
  • 23. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. According to Freud, what triggers dreams? </li></ul><ul><li>A. An event in the 24 hours prior to the dream </li></ul>
  • 24. Set 2 question 1 <ul><li>Which two parts of the personality have to be balanced? </li></ul><ul><li>Id and superego </li></ul><ul><li>Ego and superego </li></ul><ul><li>Ego and id </li></ul>
  • 25. Set 2 question 2 <ul><li>The real meaning of dreams is called the what? </li></ul><ul><li>Manifest content </li></ul><ul><li>Libido content </li></ul><ul><li>Latent content </li></ul>
  • 26. Set 2 question 3 <ul><li>In the clinical interview, what kinds of question are used? </li></ul><ul><li>Structured </li></ul><ul><li>Unstructured </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-structured </li></ul>
  • 27. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Who carried out the Anna-O case study? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Breuer </li></ul>
  • 28. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Because the unconscious cannot be accessed case studies are said to have low what? </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental Validity </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS FOR TEAM: NAME AND EXPLAIN TWO OTHER WEAKNESSES OF CASE STUDIES </li></ul>
  • 29. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. What are the four processes of dream work? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Symbolism, Condensation, Displacement, Secondary Elaboration </li></ul>
  • 30. Biological questions <ul><li>Who will go first? </li></ul><ul><li>Set 1 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul><ul><li>Set 2 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul>1 1 2 3 SD SD SD 2 SD SD 3 SD
  • 31. Set 1 question 1 <ul><li>What is the term for when specific functions are related to specific parts of the brain? </li></ul><ul><li>Functionalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Localisation </li></ul><ul><li>Pin-pointing </li></ul>
  • 32. Set 1 question 2 <ul><li>In which stage of general adaptation syndrome is the hormonal response activated? </li></ul><ul><li>Alarm Reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaustion </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance </li></ul>
  • 33. Set 1 question 3 <ul><li>Which of these is a way in which agonists work? </li></ul><ul><li>Stop the reuptake pump </li></ul><ul><li>Block receptors </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease the number of neurotransmitters </li></ul>
  • 34. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Who came up with General Adaptation Syndrome? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Selye </li></ul>
  • 35. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Which assumption is chemotherapy based on? </li></ul><ul><li>A. The importance of the nervous system </li></ul>
  • 36. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Which method could be classed as a laboratory experiment? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Brain scanning techniques </li></ul>
  • 37. Set 2 question 1 <ul><li>What type of scan looks at which parts of the brain does what? </li></ul><ul><li>Functional </li></ul><ul><li>Structural </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic </li></ul>
  • 38. Set 2 question 2 <ul><li>Which hormone is considered to be the ‘stress hormone’? </li></ul><ul><li>Adrenaline </li></ul><ul><li>Cortisol </li></ul><ul><li>ACTH </li></ul>
  • 39. Set 2 question 3 <ul><li>Which neurotransmitter is linked to schizophrenia? </li></ul><ul><li>Serotonin </li></ul><ul><li>Dopamine </li></ul><ul><li>Noradrenaline </li></ul>
  • 40. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Which type of antidepressant causes toxic side effects? </li></ul><ul><li>A. MAOIs </li></ul>
  • 41. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Which assumptions does general adaptation syndrome link to? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Importance of the nervous system and hormones </li></ul>
  • 42. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. The rate of agreement between two things shown as a percentage is known as what? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Concordance rate </li></ul>
  • 43. Behavioural questions <ul><li>Who will go first? </li></ul><ul><li>Set 1 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul><ul><li>Set 2 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul>1 1 2 3 SD SD SD 2 SD SD 3 SD
  • 44. Set 1 question 1 <ul><li>What is important in this approach? </li></ul><ul><li>Genes </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul>
  • 45. Set 1 question 2 <ul><li>In systematic desensitisation, what term describes not being able to have two opposing emotions at once? </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Inhibited emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal inhibition </li></ul>
  • 46. Set 1 question 3 <ul><li>Bandura applied his theory to explain media violence as a result of… </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulus-response </li></ul><ul><li>Vicarious reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Association </li></ul>
  • 47. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. The approach assumes that learning is universal so results from animals can be applied to humans. What does this demonstrate? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Anthropomorphism </li></ul>
  • 48. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. Who is considered to be the founder of behaviourism? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Watson </li></ul>
  • 49. Set 1 sudden death <ul><li>Q. In laboratory experiments, what is introduced to the environment by the experimenter? </li></ul><ul><li>Stimuli </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS FOR TEAM: WHAT KIND OF VARIABLE IS THIS? </li></ul>
  • 50. Set 2 question 1 <ul><li>Why is observable behaviour important to this approach? </li></ul><ul><li>It makes the approach objective </li></ul><ul><li>It makes the approach subjective </li></ul><ul><li>It makes the approach unscientific </li></ul>
  • 51. Set 2 question 2 <ul><li>What does ‘tabula rasa’ mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Blank table </li></ul><ul><li>Blank slate </li></ul><ul><li>Blank book </li></ul>
  • 52. Set 2 question 3 <ul><li>Which of these is not a step used in systematic desensitisation? </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching relaxation techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Challenging beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing an anxiety hierarchy </li></ul>
  • 53. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. How do we learn in operant conditioning? </li></ul><ul><li>Through reinforcement and punishment </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS FOR TEAM: WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT? </li></ul>
  • 54. Set 2 sudden death <ul><li>Q. What are the four stages of social learning theory? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Attention, Retention, Reproduction and Reinforcement </li></ul>
  • 55. Set 2 sudden death Q. Who was conditioned to fear rats? A. Little Albert
  • 56. Final Round <ul><li>Who will go first? </li></ul><ul><li>Set 1 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul><ul><li>Set 2 click </li></ul><ul><li>here </li></ul>1 1 2 3 SD SD SD 2 SD SD 3 SD
  • 57. Set 1 Question 1 <ul><li>Which of these is a difference between the psychodynamic and behavioural approaches? </li></ul><ul><li>One is deterministic and one is free will </li></ul><ul><li>One is reductionist and one is holistic </li></ul><ul><li>One looks at internal factors, one external </li></ul>
  • 58. Set 1 Question 2 <ul><li>Who just won sports personality of the year? </li></ul><ul><li>Lewis Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Hoy </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Calzaghe </li></ul>
  • 59. Set 1 Question 3 <ul><li>Which is the most unscientific approach? </li></ul><ul><li>Psychodynamic </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural </li></ul>
  • 60. Set 1 Sudden Death <ul><li>Q. Who plays Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter films? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Emma Watson </li></ul>
  • 61. Set 1 Sudden Death <ul><li>Q. What is the capital of Brazil? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Brasilia </li></ul>
  • 62. Set 1 Sudden Death <ul><li>Q. What letter appears to the right of ‘Y’ on a keyboard? </li></ul><ul><li>A. U </li></ul>
  • 63. Set 2 Question 1 <ul><li>Which bear grows to be the largest? </li></ul><ul><li>Brown </li></ul><ul><li>Grizzly </li></ul><ul><li>Polar </li></ul>
  • 64. Set 2 Question 2 <ul><li>Which of these is a similarity between the cognitive and biological approaches? </li></ul><ul><li>Internal factors </li></ul><ul><li>Unscientific </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective </li></ul>
  • 65. Set 2 Question 3 <ul><li>Which approach uses drugs to treat mental illness? </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive </li></ul><ul><li>Biological </li></ul>
  • 66. Set 2 Sudden Death <ul><li>Q. What planet does Superman come from? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Krypton </li></ul>
  • 67. Set 2 Sudden Death Q. When the cow jumped over the moon, what ran away with the spoon? A. The dish
  • 68. Set 2 Sudden Death <ul><li>Q. What sea does Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Yemen, Sedan and Eritrea all border? </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Red Sea </li></ul>
  • 69. Tie Breaker <ul><li>How many countries are there in the European Union? </li></ul><ul><li>27 </li></ul>
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