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1. Research Methods in Psychology You must consider the manipulation of the variables in each method, recruitment of participants and the potential research aim. You may…
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  • 1. Research Methods in Psychology You must consider the manipulation of the variables in each method, recruitment of participants and the potential research aim. You may find it useful to use the AS textbook. Experimental Methods Laboratory experiment Field experiment Natural Experiment Describe Strengths Evaluate Application of knowledge If you were a researcher trying to answer each of these questions, which would you choose – a lab, field or natural experiments – and which design would you use? Explain your answers Do depressed and non-depressed people respond differently to compliments? Are eating disorders more prevalent in a school population after a tragedy such as a mass shooting? Do drug users behave in more risky ways in their everyday lives than non drug users Does watching a physically violent TV programme lead to immediate increases in verbally aggressive behaviour? Are people who have been in day care as children are more or less friendly as adults
  • 2. Laboratory Field experiment Naturalistic experiment experiment Study Loftus and Plamer Hofling et al (1966) Charlton et al (2000) (1974) Description of study (aim and method) Findings Methodological strengths Methodological weaknesses Evaluate Hofling in terms of Ethical considerations only Strengths Weaknesses
  • 3. Non-experimental Methods Observations Describe Strengths Weaknesses Application of knowledge Why do you think observations are commonly used in child psychology? What type of observation is it when the researcher interacts with the participant?
  • 4. Observation Study Melhuish et al (1990) Description of study (aim and method) Findings Methodological strengths Methodological weaknesses Evaluate Melhuish in terms of Ethical considerations only Strengths Weaknesses
  • 5. Surveys Questionnaires Describe Strengths Weaknesses Application of knowledge Describe a situation where it may be better to use a questionnaire rather than an observation Questionnaire Study Boyd & Munroe (2003) Description of study (aim and method) Findings Methodological strengths Methodological weaknesses
  • 6. Interviews Describe Strengths Weaknesses Application of knowledge Outline an aim of a study where it may be appropriate to use an interview Name as many studies that you can which have used interview techniques in some way Interview study Brown et al (1986) Description of study (aim and method) Findings Methodological strengths Methodological weaknesses
  • 7. Content Analyses Describe Strengths Weaknesses Application of knowledge What was the content analysis that you carried out? What type of data is being collected in a content analysis? Content analysis Cumberbatch and Gauntlett (2005) Description of study (aim and method) Findings Methodological strengths Methodological weaknesses
  • 8. Correlational designs Describe Strengths Weaknesses Application of knowledge What other correlational design studies can you think of? List 5 relationships which would be suitable to be investigated by correlational design Correlational design Gottesman and Shields (1991) or McGuffin et al (1996) Study Description of study (aim and method) Findings Methodological strengths Methodological weaknesses
  • 9. Case studies Describe Strengths Weaknesses Application of knowledge Why do you think observations are commonly used in child psychology? What type of observation is it when the researcher interacts with the participant? Case Studies Little Hans, Freud (1909) Description of study (aim and method) Findings Methodological strengths Methodological weaknesses
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