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1. Learning objectives <ul><li>Name the 3 categories of drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the difference between drug use and misuse…
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  • 1. Learning objectives <ul><li>Name the 3 categories of drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the difference between drug use and misuse </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the harms and risks of drug taking </li></ul>
  • 2. WHY DO PEOPLE TAKE DRUGS? <ul><li>Psychological effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alter feelings, reactions and behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>The term 'drug' means any substance that is 'psychoactive', which means 'mind-altering'. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three types of drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal drugs </li></ul><ul><li>(eg. alcohol, tobacco, Solvants, painkillers) Usually bought over the counter, in shops, supermarkets, or from chemists. </li></ul><ul><li>Medicinal drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>(eg. Steriods, tranquilizers, methadone) </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal drugs </li></ul><ul><li>(eg. cannabis, Ecstasy, Cocaine) They are controlled drugs. They are often the type that lead to addiction or have dangerous side effects. Some times referred to as recreational drugs, as people take them for fun. </li></ul>
  • 4. Drug use/misuse <ul><li>Any use of drugs can cause harm or even death. </li></ul><ul><li>Drug use is drug taking through which harm may occur, although such harm may not be immediately noticeable. Treatment is through education, advice, prevention work. </li></ul><ul><li>Drug misuse is when drug taking harms health or a persons ability to function. Someone who misuses drugs may be dependent on the drug. To treat the person would require medical help. </li></ul>ASSESS THE HARMS AND RISKS TO DRUG TAKING
  • 5. STIMULANTS <ul><li>Stimulants increase the neural activity of the central nervous system to produce increases in breathing, heart-rate and blood pressure. </li></ul>Risks might include: overdose due to cardiac arrest paranoia irritability anxiousness depression eating disorders aggression NAME 3 DIFFERENT TYPES OF DRUGS
  • 6. DEPRESSANTS <ul><li>Depressant drugs suppress the neural activity of the Central Nervous System and in turn decrease breathing, heart-rate and blood pressure. </li></ul>Risks might include: overdose due to respiratory depression long-term damage to the liver, heart, stomach and brain loss of control and aggression nausea, vomiting and choking NAME 3 DIFFERENT TYPES OF DRUGS
  • 7. HALLUCINOGENS <ul><li>Hallucinogenic drugs act on the brain to alter the perception of what is real. They modify perceptions of thoughts, sounds and images that flood our brains on a daily basis </li></ul>Risks might include: involuntary actions uncontrollable behaviour flashbacks nausea stomach cramps sickness NAME 3 DIFFERENT TYPES OF DRUGS
  • 8. Carry out research and then Create a poster on either HEROIN or NICOTINE you MUST show the following information What are the symptoms Withdrawal What is the physical and psychological need on the drug Dependency The body’s ability to increasingly withstand the effects and therefore requiring larger quantities of the substance to bring about the desired result. Tolerance Consider both the short term and the long term effects Effects How it works on the body Mode of action
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