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1. Social Psychology Quiz 2. 1 Three types of conformity are:a compliance, obedience and identificationb compliance, identification and internalisationc obedience,…
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  • 1. Social Psychology Quiz
  • 2. 1 Three types of conformity are:a compliance, obedience and identificationb compliance, identification and internalisationc obedience, minority influence and internalisationd compliance, minority influence and Identification.
  • 3. 2 Normative social influence is based on:a a desire to be likedb a desire to be acceptedc a desire to be correctd a and b.
  • 4. 3 In Asch’s original ‘line length’ study, conformity happened on:a 12% of critical trialsb 22% of critical trialsc 32% of critical trialsd 42% of critical trials.
  • 5. 4 Which factor(s) did Asch find led to reductions in conformity?a a majority of only two confederatesb a non-unanimous majorityc written responses rather than called-out responsesd all the above.
  • 6. 5 In Perrin and Spencer’s replication of Asch’s procedure using youths on probation as participants, they found:a similar levels of conformity to that found by Aschb higher levels of conformity to that found by Aschc lower levels of conformity to that found by Aschd no conformity.
  • 7. 6 Moscovici’s ‘blue-green’ slide study investigated:a majority influenceb minority influencec identificationd colour vision.
  • 8. 7 The behavioural characteristic most important if a minority is to be persuasive is:a staminab rigidityc consistencyd b and c.
  • 9. 8 People may yield to minority influence because of:a the snowball effectb they belong to the same group asthose with the minority viewsc a and bd they are afraid of the minority
  • 10. 1 According to Milgram, obedience is:a a normative processb an abnormal processc an outcome of social influenced a and c.
  • 11. 2 In Milgram’s classic study of obedience, by what increment did the ‘shocks’ on the generator increase?a 10 voltsb 15 voltsc 20 voltsd 25 volts.
  • 12. 3 What percentage of Milgram’s participants went to the end of the shock generator in his basic procedure?a 45%b 55%c 65%d 75%.
  • 13. 4 Milgram concluded from his findings that:a most people are evilb most people obey orders going against conscience under certain circumstancesc most people don’t mind inflicting harm on someone elsed most people are happy to obey orders.
  • 14. 5 Milgram’s study was criticised for lacking experimental validity, meaning:a the participants did not believe they were really giving electric shocksb the participants were only pretending to be distressedc a and/or bd the findings of the study lack mundane realism.
  • 15. 6 In their study of obedience in nurses, Hofling et al found:a 95% obedienceb 85% obediencec 75% obedienced 65% obedience.
  • 16. 7 The findings of the ‘uniform’ study, led Bickman to conclude that:a visible symbols of authority reduce levels of obedienceb visible symbols of authority increase levels of obediencec uniforms represent visible symbols of authorityd b and c.
  • 17. 8 Milgram refuted the idea that his participants obeyed because they were psychopaths, because:a participants gave lower levels of shock when given a choiceb participants showed visible signs of distress when administering the shocksc a and b.d participants were screened for signs of psychopathy.
  • 18. 1 As an ethical requirement, informed consent means:a participants have enough information to make an informed choice about whether or not to participateb informing participants that they do not have to participatec informing participants that they will be given information at the endd b and c.
  • 19. 2 As an ethical requirement, protection of participants refers to their not being:a humiliatedb exposed to any undue riskc embarrassedd all of the above.
  • 20. 3 Providing participants with information at the end of an investigation is called:a educatingb debriefingc comfortingd explaining.
  • 21. 4 What percentage of Milgram’s participants wrote in a feedback questionnaire that they were glad to have taken part?a 64%b 74%c 84%d 94%.
  • 22. 5 Aronson’s views about Milgram’s research are best summarised as:a ‘he should not have done it’b ‘he should have done it’c ‘he went too far but I’m glad he did the research’d ‘I’d like to replicate his investigation’.
  • 23. 6 Zimbardo made recommendations about how to improve future research in ethically sensitive areas. These include:a having an independent person to monitor the researchb better surveillance by the institutionc asking people to imagine how they would behaved a and b.
  • 24. 7 If no consent is given, observational research should be done only where:a institutions agree it is alrightb those observed would expect to be seen by strangersc other psychologists have already carried out similar studiesd no one is likely to be embarrassed.
  • 25. 8 The effectiveness of ethical committees depends upon:a there being lay people as well as psychologists on themb the codes being rigorously appliedc research proposals being carefully scrutinisedd all of the above.
  • 26. Topic 1 answers: 1b 2d 3c 4d 5a 6b 7c 8cTopic 2 answers: 1d 2b 3c 4b 5c 6a 7d 8cTopic 3 answers: 1a 2d 3b 4c 5c 6d 7b 8d
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