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1. Theories of Attachment – Evolutionary Theory<br />Bowlby’s (1969) proposed that attachment was important for survival. Infants are physically helpless and…
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  • 1. Theories of Attachment – Evolutionary Theory<br />Bowlby’s (1969) proposed that attachment was important for survival. Infants are physically helpless and need adults to feed, care for and protect them; they cannot survive without such assistance (short-term benefits of attachment). The importance of attachment may be fundamental in the long-term, as the type of attachments is regarded as the foundation for all future emotional relationships. It is likely that humans have evolved in such a way that infants are born with an innate tendency to form an attachment. <br />Bowlby’s work was highly influenced by ethnologists, such as Conrad Lorenz (1952). Outline the research by Lorenz.<br />Lorenz (1952) - ImprintingWhy is imprinting so important? (short and long term)<br />Bowlby states that attachment in infants is similar to that of imprinting. It is important in the short-term for survival and also in the long-term regarding adult relationships. Though in a different way to bird’s imprinting. A number of studies have shown that adults are less likely to mate with individuals with whom they were raised. Shepher’s (1971) found that none of the 3000 Israeli marriage records he studied was between individuals that had been raised together on the same Kibbutz (communal farms). <br />Bowlby’s theory can be broken down into 5 main points. Remember the acronym ASCMI. For each letter identify the term it represents and explain what Bowlby meant by that term. <br />LetterTermExplanationASCMI<br />What does Bowlby mean by the ‘continuity hypothesis’? <br />........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................<br />Monotropy and Hierarchy:Imprinting in non-human animals:Universality:Bowlby’s theory of attachment has been very influential on the understanding of emotional development. This theory is regarded as a dominant explanation for both how and why attachments developed. There are large collections of research to support this evolutionary explanation. Complete the mind map below with research that supports Bowlby’s theory of attachment. <br />Strengths of Bowlby’s theory of attachment<br />Caregiver sensitivity:<br />Complete the mind map below that highlights the weakness of Bowlby’s attachment.<br />Multiple Attachments:Weakness of Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment<br />Alternative explanations:<br />Below write an explanation or definition of the following terms:<br />TermExplanation/definitionAttachmentInnateImprintingMonotropyPrimary caregiver<br />
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