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1. Essay Masterclass! Year 13 2. Objectives <ul><li>1. Understand how to gain extra marks on A2 essays through improving…
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  • 1. Essay Masterclass! Year 13
  • 2. Objectives <ul><li>1. Understand how to gain extra marks on A2 essays through improving </li></ul><ul><li>a) conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>b) links with the question </li></ul><ul><li>2. Refine strategies for gaining A02 marks by improving effectiveness of general evaluation and synoptic points. </li></ul>Key Terms : General evaluation – Assessing the reliability and validity of research findings with reference to methodological strengths and weaknesses Synopticity – “special evaluations” that consider the issues and debates surrounding Psychology e.g. ethics, reductionism, determinism evaluation of approaches.
  • 3. What does a good conclusion do? <ul><li>Summarises the main threads of the essay </li></ul><ul><li>Refocusses directly on the question </li></ul><ul><li>However there is also a chance to add some generalised evaluation to boost A02 </li></ul>Often applies to most essays in topic area
  • 4. Discuss one social explanation of aggression (SLT) <ul><li>SLT therefore provides a reliable explanation of why aggression occurs in some cases and is a particularly good explanation of aggressive behaviour in children. </li></ul><ul><li>However testing the theory is difficult because of ethical constraints (exposing children to violence) and the fact that observational studies will always be questioned in terms of the subjectivity of coding behaviour. </li></ul>
  • 5. Outline and evaluate neural and hormonal explanations of aggression <ul><li>Check textbook for topic </li></ul><ul><li>Draft your own conclusion based on the material that you would be likely to have included. </li></ul><ul><li>Check the conclusion against the criteria provided (see handout) </li></ul><ul><li>Swap with at least one other person – judge theirs using the criteria and try to suggest an improvement for them </li></ul><ul><li>Compare your judgements and have a final look at your conclusion. </li></ul>
  • 6. Strengthening A02 and A03 evaluations <ul><li>Weak evaluation examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However this study is only correlational. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The study is a laboratory experiment and therefore lacks ecological validity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observational studies of aggression are criticised as being subjective. </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Evaluation is threefold (S.E.E.) <ul><li>S tate your claim: </li></ul><ul><li>E vidence your claim: </li></ul><ul><li>E xplain your claim: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Behavioural explanations of aggression are too reductionist & deterministic (1). They suggest that the sole reason for … is learning from the environment and they ignore the role of freewill (2). So the explanation cannot cover all incidences of aggression and explain why some people will act aggressively and others not after the same experience. (3)”. </li></ul>
  • 8. Weak synoptic examples <ul><li>This study is culturally biased because it only investigates one population. </li></ul><ul><li>However only males were observed in this research so it is gender biased. </li></ul><ul><li>This explanation is criticised as being determinstic. </li></ul><ul><li>This explanation is from a biological approach </li></ul>Make these Strong!
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