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1. Freud was the first to stress the importance of psychological factors causing abnormal behaviourPhysiological factors are largely ignoredPsychological factors being a…
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  • 1. Freud was the first to stress the importance of psychological factors causing abnormal behaviourPhysiological factors are largely ignoredPsychological factors being a cause of abnormal behaviour is a view still widely accepted todayMost psychologists would argue that childhood is an important influential factor in future adult developmentFreud over-emphasised childhood influences and ignored everyday problems faced by adult patientsMany psychologists agree that processes in the unconscious do have an effect on human behaviourFreud remains one of the best known psychologists of all timeFreud’s theories are still influential, and people pay for therapy based on his ideasFreud’s theories have been expressed in other domains, including art and literatureIf Freud’s theory was so unimportant, it would have been dismissed years agoFreudian language has been adapted into everyday conversation e.g. Freudian SlipsIt is impossible to scientifically test some of the psychodynamic modelThe subtlety and complexity of the model means it’s not suited to scientific researchThe strength of the evidence for Freud’s theories remains variable (Andrews and Brewin, 2000)Interpretation plays a major part in the theoryIf a person ‘uncovers’ painful childhood memories this can be taken as a cause of later abnormal behaviourIf a person does not uncover painful childhood memories, it is claimed that it still happens but it is hidden in the unconsciousCase studies are unscientificTherapists can be subjective and biased when collecting evidenceFreud was accused by his patients of exaggerating the effectiveness of his TherapyFreud’s patients were mainly womenFreud studied mainly middle class people in ViennaCan we generalise to everybody?Freud over-emphasised the importance of sexual factorsNowadays other factors are recognised as important, such as social relationshipsFreud’s ideas on sexual repression may be less relevant in today’s sexually permissive societyIt is assumed that people aren’t to blame for their illnessesIf childhood experiences are so important, then parents may feel they are to blame for any abnormal behaviour in their children later in life.Recovered memories have been questioned for their reliability<br />Dali, 1931 ‘The Persistence of Memory’-1358906982460Importance of-1358904393565Most Subjects-135890233934032131005331460People still remember me today4654550217297038423852992755My thoughts are subjective and biased30873700-135890-142875<br />
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    Jul 23, 2017
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