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1. Quick test <ul><li>Objectives : </li></ul><ul><li>Review of illusions, Gregory and Gestalt…
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  • 1. Quick test <ul><li>Objectives : </li></ul><ul><li>Review of illusions, Gregory and Gestalt </li></ul><ul><li>Set yourself a target </li></ul><ul><li>Learn and use key terms for research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Know what a schema is </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how schema can affect memory </li></ul><ul><li>Design your own experiment to investigate schemas </li></ul>
  • 2. You are about to take part in a classroom experiment The experiment is about visual perception. I am going to ask you to look at a slide for 35 seconds after that you will see further instructions Do I have your permission? GREEN or RED CARD
  • 4. <ul><li>Now </li></ul><ul><li>Still in silence </li></ul><ul><li>Write down as many of the objects that you can remember </li></ul>
  • 5. Check your answers! Ruler Glue Computer Chalk Chair Board rubber Book Bookshelf Pencil Case Dice Picnic hamper Plant Skull Table/desk Loaf of bread Screwdriver Cup of coffee Watering can Which of these 2 lists do you remember more from?
  • 6. Why did you remember the images that you did? Which list did you remember more from? Why did you forget other ones? SCHEMA’s: We have a framework of knowledge about objects, people, events, places, and these affect our perception of information, and our memories.
  • 7. SCHEMA’s: We have a framework of knowledge about objects, people, events, places, and these affect our perception of information, and our memories. What schema did I trigger in this experiment with you? Why did some of you recall the panda? Schema check! – what’s in your kitchen schema?
  • 8. Understanding key parts of the experiment Task : Using your research methods glossary – can you identify the following parts of the experiment <ul><li>The aim </li></ul><ul><li>The type of experiment </li></ul><ul><li>The independent variable </li></ul><ul><li>The dependent variable </li></ul><ul><li>Any controls put in place </li></ul><ul><li>Any demand characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Standardised instructions </li></ul><ul><li>The sample </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the methodology </li></ul><ul><li>AND : </li></ul><ul><li>What ethical issues did the experimenter consider? </li></ul><ul><li>What ethical issues did they not consider? </li></ul>
  • 9. Design your own experiment investigating schema Your task : To design an experiment to investigate whether schema’s will affect the way an ambiguous figure is perceived
  • 12. Design your own experiment investigating schema Your task : To design an experiment to investigate whether schema’s will affect the way an ambiguous figure is perceived – ask for images when you’re ready <ul><li>The aim & hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>The type of experiment – where will it take place? </li></ul><ul><li>The independent variable </li></ul><ul><li>The dependent variable </li></ul><ul><li>Any controls put in place </li></ul><ul><li>Standardised instructions </li></ul><ul><li>The sample </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the methodology </li></ul><ul><li>AND : </li></ul><ul><li>What ethical issues did the experimenter consider? </li></ul><ul><li>What ethical issues did they not consider? </li></ul>
  • 13. HOMEWORK <ul><li>In your teams arrange a time when you will conduct your experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Who will your participants be? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you group your participants? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you record your results? </li></ul>
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