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1. Psychological explanations of Anorexia Nervosa 2. The Clinical Characteristics <ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Weight…
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  • 1. Psychological explanations of Anorexia Nervosa
  • 2. The Clinical Characteristics <ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Weight </li></ul><ul><li>Body-image distortion </li></ul><ul><li>Amenorrhea </li></ul>
  • 3. EXPLANATIONS How can we explain WHY people develop AN??
  • 4. Sociocultural explanations <ul><li>1.) Cultural Ideal : </li></ul><ul><li>What is attractive to you ? </li></ul><ul><li>RESEARCH: </li></ul><ul><li>The National Diet and Nutritio Survey of young people (Gregory et al. 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>16% of 16 – 18 yr olds on a diet! </li></ul>
  • 5. Sociocultural explanations <ul><li>2.) Media Influences : </li></ul><ul><li>Study: Jones and Buckingham (2005): </li></ul><ul><li>Link bet. Self esteem and comparison to idealized images. </li></ul>
  • 6. Ethnicity & peer Influences <ul><li>Discuss </li></ul><ul><li>1.) Ethnicity: </li></ul><ul><li>White Western v.s Black Western & Non-Western </li></ul>
  • 7. Study: Grabe and Hyde <ul><li>(2006) (meta-analysis of 98 studies) </li></ul><ul><li>Found: </li></ul><ul><li>1.) AM = reported lower body dissatisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>2.) Many NW cultures = more positive attitudes to bigger body sizes.. Why? – fertility, wealth, attractiveness </li></ul>
  • 8. Ethnicity & peer Influences <ul><li>2.) Peer Influences </li></ul><ul><li>-Discuss: how could this affect teenagers? </li></ul><ul><li>Study: Eisenberg (2005): friends dieting together = related to unhealthy weight control (e.g. purging and diet pills) </li></ul>
  • 9. Commentary <ul><li>1.) Cultural ideals: </li></ul><ul><li>Hoek (1998): tested this view: </li></ul><ul><li>Curacao (NW Caribbean Island): </li></ul><ul><li>- Found rate of AN comparable to WC </li></ul>
  • 10. Commentary <ul><li>2.) Media Influences: </li></ul><ul><li>++ Becker (2002): </li></ul><ul><li>Fiji – TV introduced in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Increased reports in desire to lose weight by women. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT… instructional intervention prior – eradicated effects… </li></ul><ul><li>What would YOU say???... </li></ul>
  • 11. Commentary <ul><li>3.) Ethnicity & peer influences: </li></ul><ul><li>Not all studies show support for these 2 factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Regan et al (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Shroff & Thompson (2006) </li></ul>
  • 12. Commentary <ul><li>4.) Ethical Issues! </li></ul><ul><li>Internet research </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Informed consent </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul>
  • 13. Commentary <ul><li>What about the biological approach? </li></ul><ul><li>Halmi (2002): </li></ul><ul><li>Perfectionism related to AN: </li></ul><ul><li>Found that is ‘runs in family’ </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests a genetic vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>(biopsychosocial disease??) </li></ul>
  • 14. Commentary <ul><li>Real world application: </li></ul><ul><li>What can we do with all this info to help society? </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion industry! </li></ul>
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