Slides Shared Resource

1. Explanations of Institutional Aggression <ul><li>Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Settings…
of 12
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
  • 1. Explanations of Institutional Aggression <ul><li>Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Settings </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare Settings </li></ul>
  • 2. Prisons <ul><li>The Guardian in 2003 highlighted abuse of inmates in Wormwood Scrubs. </li></ul><ul><li>Beatings, mock executions, death threats, choking, racist abuse. </li></ul>
  • 3. Educational Settings <ul><li>Both teachers and students victims of rape, armed robbery, aggravated assault and verbal threat. </li></ul><ul><li>School shootings – Columbine, Dunblane, Germany. </li></ul>
  • 4. Healthcare Settings <ul><li>Carers and mental health nurses most at risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Patients also easy targets for killers such as Beverley Allitt and Harold Shipman. </li></ul>
  • 5. EXPLANATIONS <ul><li>De-individuation - anonymity </li></ul><ul><li>Identification with a role - uniform </li></ul><ul><li>Situational variables – overcrowding, ‘us and them’ norms </li></ul>
  • 6. Examples of institutional aggression in prisons <ul><li>Zimbardo (1973) – Stanford prison experiment / Abu Ghraib </li></ul><ul><li>Lockwood (1980) – 2/10 prisoners sexually assaulted. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both victim and assailant ‘heterosexual’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual assaults used as degradation and punishment </li></ul></ul>In prison, rape is about social control, not sexual gratification and does not count towards sexual identity.
  • 7. Examples of institutional aggression in educational settings A prisoner is tortured by guards in Abu Ghraib. A ‘pledge’ takes part in initiation into an American college fraternity.
  • 8. Educational settings cont… <ul><li>Fraternities and sororities were established as support networks for U.S. college undergraduates. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Hazing’ - ritualistic harassment / abuse of an individual or group involving burning, branding, kidnapping, sexual abuse to prove their ‘worth’. </li></ul><ul><li>Nuwer (1990) hazing contributed to death and serious physical injury including paralysis and is now illegal in most states. </li></ul>Use your psychological knowledge to explain this phenomenon.
  • 9. <ul><li>Martin & Hummer (1989) studied sexual assault in fraternities. </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered that sexual violence against women was actively encouraged. </li></ul><ul><li>Postal questionnaires were sent to sororities – only 28% response rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Half respondents had experienced sexual coercion, 24% victims of attempted rape, 17% victims of full rape. </li></ul><ul><li>Rapes had occurred in frat houses or frat functions. </li></ul>Why was the response rate so low? Why is deindividuation NOT a good explanation for this?
  • 10. Ecological Explanation <ul><li>Blyth (1980) gave questionnaires to 13 yr old students to assess perception of anonymity and danger levels within school. </li></ul><ul><li>34% of sample had been victims of bullying. </li></ul><ul><li>More of these children were at junior high, where they would be the youngest in large, crowded institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer children at elementary school (where they were the eldest) felt such isolation and fear. </li></ul>Explain the significance of hierarchy from different psychological approaches.
  • 11. Situational variables explained Matthews et al (1979) Crowding Aggression As crowding increases, so does aggression, but only up to a point. After this, further increases in crowding lead to decreases in aggression.
  • 12. Examples of institutional aggression in healthcare settings. <ul><li>Most commonly associated with psychiatric units. </li></ul><ul><li>Biological, social and environmental influences. </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenhan (1973) ‘On Being Sane in Insane Places’ </li></ul>Research real life examples of institutional aggression in educational and healthcare settings and apply the following explanations accordingly: Deindividuation, identification, situational variables.
  • Example Class One

    Jul 23, 2017
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks