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  • 1. Continuing Professional Development A level PsychologyGetting Started: Specification A AS and A2Teaching Resources for AS level Version 1.0
  • 2. Permission to reproduce all copyright materials have been applied for. In some cases, efforts to contactcopyright holders have been unsuccessful and AQA will be happy to rectify any omissions ofacknowledgements in future documents if required. 2
  • 3. Contents PageScheme of work for AS psychology (PSYA1 & PSYA2) 4- 15Teaching Resources for AS levelPSYA1 Cognitive Psychology MemorySerial digit span demonstration- Based on Jacobs (1887) 16Serial position effect- Based on Glanzer and Cunitz (1966) 17-18Duration of STM -Based on Peterson and Peterson (1959): 19Working Memory Model: The effect of word length on recall. 20Exercises to illustrate how Working Memory functions 21Eye Witness Testimony: Application questions 22Designing an experiment to test memory improvement techniques 23-24Detailed revison list for cognitive psychology, memory 25- 30Developmental Psychology- Early Social DevelopmentExplanations of Attachments- how to explain learning theory and evolutionary 31-32perspective, including BowlbyCultural variations in attachment- 12 mark sample answer 33-34Day Care - Design a survey 35Additional Research Methods QuestionsResearch Methods 1: hypotheses, IV, DV and operationalising variables 36-40Research Methods 2- variables and experimental designs 41-43Populations and samples: sampling smarties 44-45Biological Psychology- StressStress as a bodily response sample exam questions 46An experiment to investigate the body’s response to stress 47Stress and Daily Hassles: identifying hassles and uplifts 48Relationship between daily hassles and illness: research methods task: planning a 49correlation studyDaily Hassles: applications question 50Discuss the role played by personality factors in stress: sample answer 51-52Social Psychology- Social InfluenceTypes of conformity: application questions 53Explanations of why people conform: application to research studies 54Milgram’s work on obedience 55Why people obey: explanations of obedience 56Individual Differences- Psychopathology (Abnormality)Psychopathology: Sample questions and guidance notes 57Psychopathology: the cognitive approach- sample essay 58-59Treating Abnormality: Psychological Therapy: Systematic De-sensitisation (SD) 60-61 3
  • 4. Psychology AS (PSYA1 & PSYA2)Scheme of Work OverviewApproximate Topicteaching weeksWeek 1 Induction: course handbook and introduction to PsychologyWeek 2-11 Human Memory and Research MethodsWeeks 12 –17 Development and Research MethodsJanuary PSYA1examinationWeeks 18 - 22 Biological Psychology- StressWeeks 23- 26 Social Psychology- Social influenceWeeks 27- 31 Individual Differences- Psychopathology (Abnormality)Summer PSYA2 and any PSYA1 re-sitsexaminationWeeks 32-34 Transition course to A2 after the AS examinations Skills and some subject based contentThis scheme of work is a working document and subject to changes.Items which are underlined in the scheme of work have an associated worksheet orinformation sheet in this booklet. 4
  • 5. Unit 1- PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology and Research MethodsWeek Content Methods/ Assessments Outcomes- studentsno. activities should be able to 1 Introduction to Psychology Nature of Library task-research a • use the library psychology topic in psychology, catalogue Approaches write a mini review • find relevant library Research methods journals2-3 Models of memory- MSM Booklet and Complete • understand the term The multi store model (MSM) textbook exercises ‘model’ Research into encoding, Question & Answer from • describe multi store capacity, duration (STM & LTM) booklet or model Strengths and weaknesses of Practicals- capacity • explain concepts: textbook MSM (Jacobs) encoding, capacity, -serial position duration & research Assessment Research methods effect (G & C) into how they have Describe and evaluate Aims and hypotheses - duration been measured the multi-store model of Lab experiment (Petersons) • discuss strengths & memory - (12 marks) Presentation of data weaknesses of multi Operationalising variables store model Reliability and validity • understanding of Case study Video- Clive named RM Wearing STM concepts and case problem- case study method study research4-5 Research Methods Make notes on Completion of notes • understanding and Experimental method including methods, complete and task activities to application of lab, field and natural associated demonstrate named RM experiments activities understanding concepts Aims, hypotheses, including directional & non-directional, Discussion sheets Assessment experimental designs, worked examples. RM1: hypotheses, IV, operationalisation of variables Group work DV and operationalising inc. IV & DV, control of variables • design a psychology extraneous variables, demand Group activity- experiment characteristics & investigator design & carry out effects, pilot studies, reliability & a lab experiment validity from RM1: hyp. IV DV & operationalsing variables 6 Presentation of quantitative data Class exercises- Complete task activities Be familiar with: inc. graphs, scattergrams and presentation of in class and for • presentation & tables data homework interpretation of Central tendency (mean, graphs, median, mode) and dispersion scattergrams & (range, SD) tables • central tendency & dispersion7-8 Models of memory WMM Booklet, textbook Make a revision sheet- • describe WMM Evidence for WMM- word length Practicals- WMM WMM, evidence to • evidence to support effect, VSSP-visual tracking, The effect of word support, strengths, the model Bunge (2000) CE length on recall & weaknesses • strengths/ Strengths and weaknesses Exercises to weaknesses of WMM illustrate how WM WMM functions 5
  • 6. Unit 1- PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology and Research MethodsWeek Content Methods/ Assessments Outcomes- studentsno. activities should be able to 9-10 Memory in everyday life • explain processes Eye witness testimony Booklet & textbook involved in (EWT) & factors affecting Didactic memory accuracy of EWT including Discussion reconstruction anxiety & age of witness • outline findings of Classwork activity Applications research into EWT Misleading information & use on EWT eg student questions on EWT and age effects of cognitive interview recall of an event in • outline findings of school such as Test on EWT using research into EWT Research methods- recap Prizegiving exam question, eg and anxiety lab/ field experiment Q5 Jan. 2009,Q4 • explain role/ comparison Summer 2009 research into Reliability/ validity misleading information • discuss improving accuracy of EWT with cognitive interview 11 Strategies for memory Memory booklet Practice exam • describe improvement Question and questions/ strategies for organisation, chunking answer technique memory (STM) visual & verbal Applications improvement mnemonics Group activity- use questions • evaluate the & compare Designing an effectiveness of strategies experiment to test strategies for memory memory improvement improvement techniques • interpret exam questions 11 Consolidation, revision Exam question Look at revision list • revise effectively questions practice for cognitive psych. • approach the Students work memory exam exam with through revision list confidence for memory and Discuss exam • apply check RM notes technique, types of understanding to are up to date questions novel questions 6
  • 7. Unit 1- PSYA1 Developmental Psychology and Research MethodsWeek Content Methods/ activities Assessments Outcomes- studentsno. should be able to12-14 Attachment Booklet/ textbook Complete booklet • explain attachment Explanations inc. learning Students answer activities • outline and evaluate theory & evolutionary questions & learning theory and perspective inc. Bowlby summarise material Explanations of evolutionary (research & Attachment sheet, perspective comprehension then exam including Bowlby Types of attachment, skills) class question: • outline behavioural secure, insecure, discussion Describe and characteristics of Ainsworth evaluate two children with Quiz eg students explanations of different types of Cultural variations in create Blockbuster attachment (12 attachment attachment quiz on attachment marks) • explain why children may have Discuss sample different types of Disruption of attachment, answer: Describe attachment failure to form attachment, and evaluate • describe and (privation) & effects of research into Plan exam evaluate relevant institutionalisation cultural variations in answers disruption studies into: attachment of attachment, • cultural variations in privation and attachment Make notes on: institutionalisation • consequences of Robertson & –discussion and disruption of Robertson group work attachment Hodges & Tizard • failure to form Research methods: Rutter –Romanian attachment Ethics, hypotheses, Orphanage studies (privation) observational methods, Case studies of • effects of pilot studies, reliability, privation institutionalisation survey, open & closed questions, quantitative and Design a simulated qualitative data observation of infants attachment • develop awareness behaviour- create of RM, especially categories, explain non-experimental procedure, check methodology for reliability Video clips- Strange Situation & Robertsons 15 Attachment in everyday Colour code studies Design a survey- life of day care- for/ Day Care Design • explain impact of Impact of day care on against & carry out a day care on social social development. survey. development including effects on Consider ethical including aggression & peer relations issues. aggression & peer Present findings to relations the group. 7
  • 8. Implications of research Discussion of • discuss implications into attachment and day newspaper articles of research into care for child care practices on day care – attachment & day research exercise care for child care practices Devise advice to parents on day care – IT- Leaflet16 Research methods Structured activities Complete tasks • explain and give Correlational analysis eg and activities in advantages and Observational techniques Complete summary class & for weaknesses of Self-report techniques notes on homework correlation, including questionnaire & advantages and observation and interview disadvantages of Formal - test on self-report methods RM Research techniques Presentation of qualitative Methods 2: • interpret correlation data Design variables and data Processes involved in observational experimental • explain & interpret content analysis categories designs the presentation of Apply knowledge to qualitative data real life –eg and multiple choice • explain the process Analyse a nursery questions Cardwell involved in content school prospectus. & Flanagan (2008) analysis Awareness of BPS Code of Carry out content Psychology AS: the • show awareness of Ethics analysis on the complete BPS Code of Ethics Ethical issues- dealing with prospectuses. companion p.111 • discuss ethical them Identify ethical issues & the way Selection of participants, issues in real life Populations and psychologists deal sampling techniques research & how samples: sampling with them they could be smarties addressed17 Consolidation, revision Exam question Practice exam • revise effectively questions practice questions/ • approach the exam Revision calendar Revision sheets by technique with confidence students • apply Students make up Mock examination understanding to exam questions novel questions from specification across the unit 8
  • 9. Unit 2- PSYA2 Biological PsychologyWeek Content Methods/ activities Assessments Outcomes: studentsno. should be able to: 18 Stress Introduce concept of Discussion & • describe the The body’s response to stress- written answers pituitary adrenal stress Identify signs of stress system • describe the Booklet with exercises Assessment: sympatho- and activities on Questions on stress medullary pathway Stress related illness & body’s response to as a bodily • show the immune system stress response sample understanding of Practical: An exam questions natural & lab experiment to experiments investigate the body’s Discuss evidence • discuss the link RM- Review- associated response to stress for the effect of between stress research methods- stress on the related illness & the natural & lab Background- immune system (12 immune system experiments introduction to the marks) • describe and immune system evaluate research Notes on research into into stress related the effects of stress on illness & the the immune system eg immune system Kiecolt Glaser (1948, 1995), meta-review- Sagerstrom & Miller (2004) 19 Stress in everyday life Life changes and daily Introduce life changes • define life change hassles & daily hassles as sources of stress • describe research Stress & daily hassles: Stress and daily using the SRRS RM- recap self-report identifying hassles & hassles: planning a and LCU scores methods, correlation uplifts correlation study • define daily hassle Create and pilot Daily hassles: SRRS student scale & Applications • evaluate use of daily hassle scale- question scales for life Workplace stress assess effectiveness changes/ daily as research tools hassles Introduce workplace stress factors- Webquest: a mini- • demonstrate environment, survey on understanding of workload, lack of workplace stress self-report methods control & correlation Summarise research • identify factors eg Glass- noise, which contribute to Marmot- Whitehall workplace stress & studies relevant research 9
  • 10. Week Content Methods/ activities Assessments Outcomes: studentsno. should be able to: 20 Personality factors, Introduce personality • discuss how including Type A factors- Type A & personality behaviour Hardiness scales Sample answer: influences the Discuss the role experiences & Recap correlation Booklet for notes and played by effects of stress exercises personality factors in stress. (12 • construct a Carry out Type A and marks) scattergram Hardy personality Analyse correlation questionnaires data analyse a sample answer21-22 Emotion focused & Introduce emotion Stimulus response • distinguish between problem focused coping focused and problem questions – emotion focused focused approaches applications and problem Booklet exercises focused approaches to Class exercises- coping with stress identifying different Practice exam approaches exercise questions including • discuss one Psychological & application cognitive physiological methods of questions on behavioural method stress management Psychological & coping approaches of managing stress physiological stress and strengths and (SIT &/or Hardiness management booklet weaknesses of training) question and answer different methods of stress management • discuss one physiological method of stress management (drugs &/or biofeedback) 22 Consolidation, revision Exam question Practise exam • revise effectively questions practice questions/ • approach exam technique with confidence Students write exam • apply questions for each understanding to other. Use novel questions specification wording. across the unit 10
  • 11. Unit 2- Social Psychology- Social InfluenceWeek Content Methods/ activities Assessments Outcomes: studentsno. should be able to: 23 Social Influence Booklet for notes and • discuss types of Types of conformity, exercises on conformity including internalisation examples of Design, carry out • describe & & compliance conformity and analyse data evaluate Asch’s Asch’s study- Design & carry out a study of conformity compliance, normative lab experiment e.g. Application of • describe & Clark- internalisation sweets in a jar with/ knowledge evaluate Clark’s without other people’s questions: types of study of conformity Why people conform, estimates conformity including informational • consider factors social influence & Discussion -why Explanations of why affecting normative social people give to charity people conform: conformity eg size influence application to of majority, time, research studies culture 24 Obedience including Booklet and exercises Research • describe Milgram’s Milgram & why people worksheet: experiments on obey Milgram’s work on obedience Debate the ethics and obedience Recap- lab experiments validity (+modern • evaluate Milgram’s & ethical issues applications) of Discuss the studies -ethical Milgram’s studies contribution of and validity issues Milgram’s research to our • recap the nature of understanding of lab experiments & obedience (12 ethical issues marks) • discuss why people obey Worksheet: Why people obey- explanations of obedience25-26 Social Influence in everyday life Booklet and textbook Exercises in booklet • discuss situational Explanations of and summary and personal independent behaviour- Questionnaire –Locus questions factors to explain how people resist of control scale how people resist pressures to conform pressures to and to obey authority conform (eg Gamson) Influence of individual • discuss situational difference on Design a correlation and personal independent behaviour, study of locus of Exam questions factors to explain inc. locus of control control and conformity how people resist This area of the pressures to obey Debate the role of specification has • discuss individual Implications for social psychology as a force scope for a lot of differences in change of research into for good/ evil in social variety of exam independent 11
  • 12. social influence influence questions past behaviour papers and the • explain role of RM- ethical issues and spec. should be locus of control on how they are dealt with considered. behaviour Webquest: find For example: • discuss the examples where Summer 2009,Q5 implications for conformity, minority locus of control, Q8- social change of influence and obedience. Jan research into obedience have 2010-Q8 locus of social influence implication for social control & resisting • recap ethical change conformity, Q9 issues and how research & social they are dealt with change in social influence research26 Consolidation, revision Exam question Practise exam • revise effectively questions practice questions/ • approach exam Write exam questions technique with confidence using wording on the • apply spec. understanding to novel questions across the unit 12
  • 13. Unit 2- Individual Differences- Psychopathology (Abnormality)Week Content Methods/ activities Assessments Outcomes: students shouldno. be able to: 27- 28 Defining and explaining • outline deviation from psychological Introduce definitions, social norms, failure abnormality booklet and exercises to function & ideal Definitions of abnormality mental health including deviation from Small groups- definitions & discuss social norms, failure to generate examples of Questions and limitations function adequately & definitions and identify guidance on deviation frm ideal mental limitations Psychopathology • give examples of health. (Abnormality) each definition Videos- abnormal questions Limitations associated with behaviour e.g. Catman these definitions of Discuss what is abnormality abnormal • outline key features Psychopathology: the of biological approach Key features of biological cognitive approach- to abnormality approach to Booklet & discussion sample essay psychopathology biological approach • outline key features of psychological Key features to approach inc. psychological approach to psychodynamic, psychopathology inc. the Booklet & discussion behavioural and psychodynamic, psychological cognitive approa
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