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1. The Developmental Approach <ul><li>Uses several perspectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Psychodynamic (Freud)…
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  • 1. The Developmental Approach <ul><li>Uses several perspectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Psychodynamic (Freud) </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive (Samuel and Bryant) </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviourist (Bandura) </li></ul><ul><li>The Core studies can be used to support or question these perspectives </li></ul>
  • 2. Also…The Developmental Approach: <ul><li>Makes some overall assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>The Core Studies can be used to support or question some of these:…. </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Children are different from adults- </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel and Bryant support differences in thought patterns in children of different ages. </li></ul><ul><li>Freud supports differences in understanding and behaviour in young children </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>2. Children are influenced by their environment (Nurture): </li></ul><ul><li>Freud (the family surroundings) </li></ul><ul><li>Bandura (the role models they see) </li></ul><ul><li>3.Experiences in childhood can affect later behaviour: </li></ul><ul><li>Freud (experiences in the psychosexual stages affect later personality) </li></ul><ul><li>Bandura: Role models can affect later behaviour </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>4. Nature can also affect behaviour: </li></ul><ul><li>Bandura- boys more aggressive than girls in the same environment </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel and Bryant- Age affects ability to conserve </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Some developmental theories say distinct stages occur </li></ul><ul><li>Freud (psychosexual stages) </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget (basis for Samuel and Bryant study </li></ul><ul><li>Others assume no particular stages: </li></ul><ul><li>Bandura- role models at any age can be influential </li></ul>
  • 7. Support for the psychodynamic perspective <ul><li>Comes from Freud. </li></ul><ul><li>Give two strengths and two weaknesses of his evidence from the study on Little Hans </li></ul>
  • 8. Support for the Cognitve perspective <ul><li>From Samuel and Bryant. </li></ul><ul><li>One strength of the perspective is that it can explain individual differences in behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of two examples from this study which support this strength. </li></ul>
  • 9. Another strength of the cognitive perspective is that it can be tested using controlled conditions <ul><li>Is this strength shown in the S and B study? </li></ul><ul><li>If so, how? </li></ul>
  • 10. A weakness of the cognitive perspective is that cogntive processes cannot be measured directly <ul><li>Is this true of the S and B study? </li></ul><ul><li>Say why… </li></ul>
  • 11. A strength of Behaviourism is that it can be tested using controlled conditions <ul><li>Is this true of Bandura’s study? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe three controls used </li></ul>
  • 12. A weakness of Behaviourism is that it often uses controlled conditions <ul><li>Is this true for Bandura’s study? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it a weakness? Give an example from Bandura which could show this.. </li></ul>
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