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1. BanduraThere were 3 stages to the study.  Exposure experience  Aggression arousal  Observation of behaviour – delayed imitationAnswer the following…
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  • 1. BanduraThere were 3 stages to the study.  Exposure experience  Aggression arousal  Observation of behaviour – delayed imitationAnswer the following questions in your pairs:STAGE 1: Exposure experienceWhat is a tinker toy?What was ‘acting aggressively’? What would the models say and do?What happened in the first room?Aggressive model… Non-aggressive model…Who else was in the room? Why?……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………Draw a birds eye view of the room and the people/ toys in it.
  • 2. STAGE 2: AGGRESSION AROUSALWhat was the aim of taking the child to this room?……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………How long were they in this room for? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………What kind of toys were in this room? (Draw/ state some)What would the researcher say to the child before leaving this room?Why did they do this?………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  • 3. STAGE 3: OBSERVATION OF BEHAVIOUR – DELAYED IMITATIONFinally, the child is now observed!How long was the child in this room for? ……………………………………………………………………………………………How was their behaviour recorded? (Inter-rater reliability/ one way mirror/ time sampling)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………What was the aggression score?……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………How was an aggression score given? What contributed to this?Imitative aggression responses:Partially imitative responses:Non-imitative aggressive responses:
  • 4. What happened in stage 3?Use the following keywords to illustrate what happened.(Experimenter / reading paper/ same toys as stage 1/ bobo doll/ one way mirror/ inter-rater reliability/ 5 seconds/ aggression score/ mallet)Overall children imitated the models they saw both in terms of specific acts and in generalbehaviour. What else did they find?
  • 5. Now apply your knowledge to the following exam questions:1 The study by Bandura, Ross and Ross on the imitation of aggression used a number ofexperimental controls. Describe how two variables were controlled. [4]2. Bandura A, Ross D and Ross S (1961) Transmission of aggression through imitation ofaggressive models.Answer the following questions:(a) What was the aim of the study? [2](b) Describe the sample used in the study and give one limitation of it. [4](c) Describe how observational data was gathered in the study. [6](d) Give one disadvantage of observational studies. [2](e) Suggest one change to the study and outline any methodological implications this changemay have. [4](f) Outline two results from the study [4]3. (d) Describe the procedure followed by your chosen study [8]
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