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1. Unit 2 Understanding the Individual 3) Content Social Learning Theory 2. Conditioning review <ul><li>Define the following terms:…
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  • 1. Unit 2 Understanding the Individual 3) Content Social Learning Theory
  • 2. Conditioning review <ul><li>Define the following terms: </li></ul><ul><li>classical conditioning, unconditioned stimulus (UCS), unconditioned response (UCR), conditioned stimulus (CS), conditioned response (CR), extinction and spontaneous recovery, </li></ul><ul><li>operant conditioning, positive and negative reinforcement, punishment, primary and secondary reinforcement. </li></ul>
  • 3. Social Learning Theory (SLT) <ul><li>Social learning is learning through observation. </li></ul><ul><li>Read page 136 in Edexcel AS Psychology and complete the gap fill sheet Social Learning Theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Go over key terms – attention, retention, reproduction, motivation and role models. </li></ul>
  • 4. Treatments/therapy used in the learning approach <ul><li>Read page 138 and describe how aversion therapy is used as a treatment based on the principles of classical conditioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Read pages 138 -139 and be able to summarise each of the three concepts discussed. (Aversion therapy, systematic desensitisation and token economy). </li></ul>
  • 5. Aversion Therapy <ul><li>Based on… </li></ul><ul><li>Used to… </li></ul><ul><li>Paired with… </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation…(does it work?) </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical issues… </li></ul><ul><li>Homosexuality… </li></ul><ul><li>Covert sensitisation… </li></ul>
  • 6. Systematic desensitisation <ul><li>Based on… </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal inhibition… </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of fears… </li></ul><ul><li>Success?... </li></ul>
  • 7. Token economy <ul><li>Based on… </li></ul><ul><li>Tokens are… </li></ul><ul><li>Exchangeable for… </li></ul><ul><li>Used… </li></ul><ul><li>Success? </li></ul><ul><li>Problems? </li></ul>
  • 8. LT as an explanation of gender development <ul><li>Read pages 140-141 and be able to summarise the key points. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 11 questions to answer in order to help you get the main points. </li></ul>
  • 9. SLT Homework <ul><li>Identify two strengths and two weaknesses of SLT. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the following exam question: </li></ul><ul><li>Use social learning theory to explain why girls might play ‘house’ and boys might prefer to play with cars. </li></ul><ul><li>Hint: Use the principles of social learning theory to explain gender development and include imitation, modelling, observational learning, vicarious reinforcement and other concepts. </li></ul>
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