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1. Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment 23 rd November 2009 2. Learning Theory <ul><li>How does learning theory explain attachment?…
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  • 1. Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment 23 rd November 2009
  • 2. Learning Theory <ul><li>How does learning theory explain attachment? </li></ul><ul><li>To a learning theorist, all behaviour is learned. </li></ul><ul><li>Children learn through classical conditioning to attach to their parents. </li></ul><ul><li>They associate the pleasure from feeding with their care giver, which leads to attachment </li></ul>
  • 3. Evolutionary Theory <ul><li>What is evolution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution is the process whereby USEFUL FEATURES are introduced into a species. Features are useful if they help the animal SURVIVE long enough to successfully REPRODUCE . To survive and reproduce, animals need to be WELL ADAPTED to their environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For this reason, useful features are said to be ADAPTIVE . </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment <ul><li>Bowlby (1958) proposed that human in infants have an innate tendency to form attachments to their primary care giver, most often their mother. </li></ul>
  • 5. ASCMI <ul><li>Bowlby’s theory of attachment has a number of parts, which can be broken down into the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A: Adaptive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S: Social Releasers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C: Critical Period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M: Monotropy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I: Internal Working model </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Bowlby (1958) <ul><li>Attachments are A daptive . </li></ul><ul><li>This means they give our species an ‘adaptive advantage’, making us more likely to survive. This is because if an infant has an attachment to a caregiver, they are kept safe, given food, and kept warm. </li></ul>
  • 7. Bowlby (1958) <ul><li>Babies have S ocial releasers , which ‘unlock’ the innate tendency of adults to care for them. </li></ul><ul><li>These Social releasers are both: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical – the typical ‘baby face’ features and body proportions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioural – e.g. crying, cooing </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Bowlby (1958) <ul><li>Babies have to form the attachment with their caregiver during a C ritical period. </li></ul><ul><li>This is between birth and 2½ years old. Bowlby said that if this didn’t happen, the child would be damaged for life – socially, emotionally, intellectually, and physically </li></ul>
  • 9. Bowlby (1958) <ul><li>Bowlby believed that infants form one very special attachment with their mother. This special, intense attachment is called M onotropy. If the mother isn’t available, the infant could bond with another ever-present, adult, mother-substitute. </li></ul>
  • 10. Bowlby (1958) <ul><li>Through the monotropic attachment, the infant would form an I nternal working model . This is a special model for relationships. All the child’s future adult relationships will be based on the relationship with the mother. </li></ul>
  • 11. Evaluation <ul><li>Evidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read through the handout, and highlight any evidence that supports or contradicts one or more parts of Bowlby’s theory. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suggestion: Use a different colour for supporting and contradicting evidence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make a note next to what you have highlighted with one of the letters (ASCMI) </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. Essay Question <ul><li>OUTLINE AND EVALUATE ONE THEORY OF ATTACHMENT </li></ul><ul><li>(6 Marks) </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Frame </li></ul><ul><li>One theory of attachment is that put forward by Bowlby (1958). He proposed that... </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence that supports this theory comes from... </li></ul><ul><li>However, other research suggests that... </li></ul>
  • 13. Bowlby (1958) <ul><li>On your handout, draw a simple picture on the front that will help you remember it. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. What is this demonstrating? </li></ul><ul><li>MONOTROPY </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with a mnemonic that will help you remember the </li></ul>
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    Jul 23, 2017
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