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1. AS Core Studies PerspectivesExam: PERSPECTIVES: “Different eyes will see things differently”What is a psychological perspective?How is it different from an…
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  • 1. AS Core Studies PerspectivesExam: PERSPECTIVES: “Different eyes will see things differently”What is a psychological perspective?How is it different from an approach?
  • 2. This perspective comes from the work of Sigmund Freud. Freud was a doctor in Vienna in th th the late 19 & early 20 century. He specialised in nervous disorders. His psychosexual theory is a significant part of developmental psychology.Assumptions of the Psychodynamic Perspective:  Strengths and Weaknesses of the Psychodynamic PerspectiveStrengths WeaknessesImplications Implications
  • 3. Freud’s theory of the mind is often illustrated by the idea of a mental iceberg. Conscious consists of thoughts we are aware of Preconscious is just beneath the surface – memories etc Unconscious is information which is very hard or even impossible to retrieveHe also suggests there are three parts to our personalities. Label the picture with the correct term:-
  • 4. Ego defence mechanismsThe ego’s job is to defend us from dangerous or harmful impulses, feelings or behaviour. Freudsuggested that conflicts in our lives can lead to feelings of anxiety or guilt. He suggested that the egodoes this through ego defence mechanisms.Write definitions of the following terms:Displacement Repression Regression Identification And the final thing you need to know before we look at the study is that Freud thought we all went through stages in our development; he called these the psychosexual stages. Freud’s Psychosexual Stages Age Name Pleasure source Conflict 0–2 2–4 4–5 6–puberty Puberty onward
  • 5. Which of the core studies are the best examples of research that can be viewed from the psychodynamicperspective? Study How does it link to the psychodynamic perspective? In the Core Studies exam, you could be asked a question on the psychodynamic perspectivein Psychology. The question could look something like this:- a) Outline one assumption of the psychodynamic perspective in psychology. (2) b) Describe how the psychodynamic perspectivecould explain................. (4) c) Describeone similarityand one difference between any two studies which can be viewed from the psychodynamic perspective. (6) d) Discussstrengths and weaknesses of the psychodynamic perspectiveusing examples from any studies which can be viewed from the psychodynamic perspective. (12) b)Describe how the psychodynamic perspective could explainphobias. (4) _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ b)Describe how the psychodynamic perspective could explainMPD. (4) _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________
  • 6. Describe one similarity and one difference between any two studies which can be viewed from the psychodynamic perspective. (6) Similarities Differences Now have a go at answering the question…
  • 7. Discussstrengths and weaknesses of the psychodynamic perspective using anyexamples from studies which can be viewed from that perspective. (12)Point Example Comment
  • 8. This is also background information for Bandura’s study of aggressionAssumptions of the behaviourist perspective:  Strengths and Weaknesses of the Behaviourist PerspectiveStrengths WeaknessesImplications Implications
  • 9. Classical Conditioning – what is it? Give an example.Operant Conditioning – what is it? Give an example.Social Learning Theory – what is it? Give an example.
  • 10. Which of the core studies are the best examples of research that can be viewed from thebehaviourist perspective? Study How does it link to the behaviourist perspective?In the Core Studies exam, you could be asked a question on the behaviourist perspective inPsychology. The question could look something like this:- e) Outline one assumption of the behaviourist perspective in psychology (2) f) Describe how the behaviourist perspective could explain................. (4) g) Describeone similarityand one difference between any two behaviourist studies.(6) h) Discussstrengths and weaknesses of behaviourist perspective using any examples from any studies that can be viewed from that perspective. (12)b)Describe how the behaviourist perspective could explainaggression. (4)_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________b)Describe how the behaviourist perspective couldexplaingambling. (4)_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 11. Describe one similarity and one difference between any two studies which can be viewed from the behaviourist perspective. (6) Similarities Differences Now have a go at answering the question…
  • 12. Discussstrengths and weaknesses of the behaviourist perspective using anyexamples studies which can be viewed from that perspective. (12)Point Example Comment
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