Slides Shared Resource

1. <ul><li>Topic: Audience effect </li></ul> 2. <ul><li>This topic is dealt with in two separate studies, the first focusing on…
of 13
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
  • 1. <ul><li>Topic: Audience effect </li></ul>
  • 2. <ul><li>This topic is dealt with in two separate studies, the first focusing on THEORIES and the second on STUDIES (see textbook pp 188 – 190) </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Does your performance improve? </li></ul><ul><li>Does your performance suffer? </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Micro’ experiment : </li></ul><ul><li>1 You are going to see how many times you can touch your nose (from dropped hand starting position) in 30 seconds. An impartial observer will count the score. </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>2 You are going to repeat the activity but this time some of the conditions will change. </li></ul><ul><li>The first time another person will be doing the task are doing in the room next door. </li></ul><ul><li>The second time another person will be doing the task in the same room as you. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare your scores for all 3 tasks. Fatigue aside, how would you explain any difference in scores for these tasks? </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>If you scored higher ie touched your nose more times when others were present (even if you couldn’t see them) this is an example of SOCIAL FACILITATION. </li></ul><ul><li>HAVING OTHERS PRESENT AFFECTS PERFORMANCE! </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Triplett observed that cyclists’ faster when paced than when alone, and faster when competing than when paced  competition facilitates performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Triplett (1898) found that children reeled a fishing line faster when competing than when alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Allport (1924) argued that presence of others affects performance but not always in a positive way – this is known as social inhibition ie others being there can put you off. </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>The presence of an audience increases AUROSAL in the performer. </li></ul><ul><li>This will then lead to one of two possible outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Task enhancement – a well-learned/simple task is improved by an audience eg you serve lots of aces in a tennis match. </li></ul><ul><li>Task impairment – a new/complex task suffers when an audience is present eg you keep hitting the ball out when trying a new technique your coach just taught you. </li></ul>
  • 8. simple/well-learned tasks – improved performance complex/new tasks – over-arousal and thus decline in performance Appropriate response Incorrect response
  • 9. <ul><li>It’s cut-and-glue time! Yippee! </li></ul><ul><li>You know what to do – stick the right bits of the study together and then let’s get annotating! </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>Zajonc wanted to prove that his theory was correct, that it is the mere presence of an audience that affects performance. Even if that audience is passive, silent, uninvolved. </li></ul>
  • 12. <ul><li>Read through the study yourselves and then fill in the True or False sheet. </li></ul>
  • 13. <ul><li>What sporting situations can Zajonc’s research be applied to? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we draw valid conclusions about human behaviour by watching cockroaches? </li></ul><ul><li>Would sport be ‘dead’ without an audience? </li></ul><ul><li>What should a sportsperson do if they suffer from crippling nerves when people are watching them? </li></ul>
  • Arima Model

    Jul 23, 2017


    Jul 23, 2017
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks