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1. The psychology of superstition and coincidence 2. <ul><li>Complete the ‘Superstitions’ sheet you will be given now…
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  • 1. The psychology of superstition and coincidence
  • 2. <ul><li>Complete the ‘Superstitions’ sheet you will be given now </li></ul><ul><li>You may discuss with a partner </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Coincidences can lead to superstitious beliefs: Bjorn Borg would not shave when he had started a winning streak in a tennis tournament. He had won once when he hadn't shaved and these two phenomena were linked in his mind. </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Serena played badly at the French Open in 2008 – her justification…? </li></ul><ul><li>“ I didn’t tie my laces right and I didn’t bounce the ball five times and I didn’t bring my shower sandals to the court with me. I didn’t have my extra dress. I just knew it was fate; it wasn’t going to happen.” </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Many students want to wear certain items or have particular lucky talisman to ‘help’ them in exams </li></ul><ul><li>At Harvard, students frequently rub the foot of the statue of John Harvard for good luck. </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Kolo Touré (previously of Arsenal) insists on being the last player to leave the dressing room after the half-time break. </li></ul><ul><li>But… when William Gallas, his team-mate, was injured and needed treatment at half-time during a match, Touré stayed in the dressing room until Gallas had been treated, forcing Arsenal to start the second half with only nine players. </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>The phrase &quot;obsessive-compulsive&quot; has worked its way into the wider English lexicon, and is often used in an offhand manner to describe someone who is meticulous or absorbed in a cause. </li></ul><ul><li>However, OCD is a psychiatric disorder, specifically, an anxiety disorder. </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>There are several people in the public domain who have admitted they suffer from OCD </li></ul><ul><li>Read the article ‘Beckham reveals his battle with obsessive disorder’ </li></ul><ul><li>What do you learn about the types of behaviours? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the term ‘ obsessive-compulsive ’ actually mean? </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Cameron Diaz has publicly admitted she habitually rubs doorknobs so hard before opening doors to clean them that the original paint on the doorknobs fades afterwards. She says, she washes her hands &quot;many times&quot; each day and uses her elbows to push open doors. </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>Leonardo DiCaprio says he has to force himself not to step on every chewing gum stain when walking along and fight urges to walk through a doorway several times, because he doesn't want his condition taking over his life. </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>Beckham’s OCD manifests itself through constant cleanliness and perfection of all that is around him. Anything out of order is enough to cause a conflict and must be attended to immediately. Examples of this complete order is that everything must be in pairs, if there are three books on a table one must be added, or one must be removed. Only 2% of the population suffer from this strong OCD. </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul>
  • 12. <ul><li>Many of the topics in psychology are explained by the differing approaches (schools of psychology) </li></ul><ul><li>Theories are explained by these different schools of psychology </li></ul><ul><li>There are studies that support the theories </li></ul><ul><li>There are studies that refute the theories </li></ul><ul><li>You have to know both and be able to write about them in detail </li></ul>
  • 13. <ul><li>Describe and evaluate at least two explanations for OCD </li></ul><ul><li>This is an essay question that would require approximately two sides of explanation and analysis (+ the evidence in the form of psychological studies) </li></ul>
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